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Keywords: Capitulations
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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 100–120.
Published: 16 June 2020
... capitulations practically exempted foreign Europeans, whether Christians or Jews, from taxation and Ottoman law, and bestowed on them and their protégés tremendous privileges ( Anderson 1966 , xii). No wonder, then, that the Ottomans suspected that the European governments were deliberately inducing the Jews to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 100–120.
Published: 16 June 2020
... Capitulations the twentieth century is the child of the nineteenth, and if England in the twentieth century undertook the restoration of Israel to Palestine, it is because the nineteenth was by and large religiously [and colonially] motivated […]. ( Tuchman 2001 , 181) Although this study brings...