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tax-revenues

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 101165–170 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1280261
Published: 01 January 2017
... and tax revenues, including estimates of these revenues as a percentage of total public revenues. Tables 6 and 7 provide statements on government expenditures, including estimates of government expenditures as a percentage of GDP, while Tables 8 and 9 deal with the structure of expenditures, showing...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123119–126 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123007
Published: 03 September 2019
... and services. The industries in the city were associated with textiles, pottery, and soap, and the markets were all set up within the city rather than divided by trades such as other city markets. El Sakka points out that Gaza City was the fourth Palestinian city in terms of the size of tax revenues...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12365–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123004
Published: 03 September 2019
... tax revenues and local political influence ( Ould Salem 2014a , 5). This article considers that this cliental relationship still remains within today’s Mauritanian national state and dominates the political arena, since the national state implements the same colonial policy and thereby has become...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
... central role must be assumed by the state apparatus in order to control the macro-economy and its supervision with strict effectiveness, primarily effective supervision of monetary policy and tax policy to achieve the goal of non-diversion or externalization of value (reciprocal purchasing power parity...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12155–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121004
Published: 01 March 2019
... Ministerial Decree No. 367/2013 (cited in Morsy, 2016 ). 8. Historically, non-Muslims were dhimmis and thus paid taxes in exchange for protection. 1. This figure includes 468,500 soldiers on active duty plus 479,000 reserves ( International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) 2016...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11463–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114004
Published: 04 December 2018
... thinkers. 2. Among the humors of neoliberalism, Reagan was said to have enforced noticeable tax reductions claiming that this would raise tax revenues, a claim which the then Vice-President George Bush called “voodoo economics” ( Stiglitz 2005 , 187). 3. This expression refers to the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113169–174 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113010
Published: 03 September 2018
... public. He also addresses the path of neoliberalism that sought to overthrow the “Keynesian theory,” which advocates increased government expenditure and lower taxes to pull the economy out of recession. Elaborating on the problems of diversification programs in rentier Gulf countries, the author...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11385–112 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113005
Published: 03 September 2018
... linked to efforts of big companies to downsize their organizations to enhance flexibility and efficiency. It reflects the change in the mode operation in a competitive international market that impels them to continue reducing their taxes. The practice was intertwined with the private-sector strategy to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11369–84 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113004
Published: 03 September 2018
..., especially in circles with political, economic, and administrative influence, who exploited their power to obtain huge privileges and benefits from profiteering from public transactions to exemption from tax payments. They exercised control over many sectors of the Tunisian economy. The president’s network...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104482–509 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1343838
Published: 01 October 2017
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103338–353 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1358956
Published: 01 July 2017
... for individual initiatives and efforts, due to the package of taxes and charges imposed on Jerusalemite merchants and business men, in compliance with 346 N. S. AL-DEEN Israeli laws and regulations. These include general taxes and municipality taxes that weigh down on both the citizen and the trader...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102256–285 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1302059
Published: 01 April 2017
... role of INOC and banning any further concessions to foreign companies (Koucher 1999). The 1970s were characterized by a major changes in the leading OPEC countries in terms of nationalization and increasing tax rates on oil company profits (Muttitt 2007; Reynolds and Pippenger 2010). This affected the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102228–240 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1297565
Published: 01 April 2017
... portal has not been dedicated to OPD in Kuwait.11 OPD is available across diverse aspects (poll results, financial indicators, tax services, central bank monthly CONTEMPORARY ARAB AFFAIRS 233 statistics, statistical review, annual statistical abstract, datasets from central statistical bureau website...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 101157–164 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1279385
Published: 01 January 2017
... the economy of the Kingdom and increase non-oil revenue to reach 530 billion Saudi riyals (equivalent to US$141 billion) by 2020 through the adop- tion of more than 500 initiatives, including the introduction of new taxes and increasing fees and government taxes on harmful products (Akhbar Al...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94629–637 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1244996
Published: 01 October 2016
.... Simpson Jr.) Economics Books Jadallah, Dina. 2016.US Economic Aid in Egypt: Strategies for Democratization and Reform in the Middle East. International Library of Economics. London: I.B. Tauris. 352 pp. Articles Andriani, Luca. 2016. Tax Morale and Prosocial Behaviour: Evidence from a Palestinian Survey...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94523–535 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1241531
Published: 01 October 2016
... income to the effect that the state- owned Venezuelan Oil Company had failed to disclose essential information, such as the amount of increase in the company s revenue as well as the amount of taxes it had paid in addition to claims that it had not provided accurate account information. As a result of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 84611–619 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1088678
Published: 01 October 2015
...Gabi El-Khoury * Email: info@caus.org.lb © 2015 The Centre for Arab Unity Studies 2015 public revenues gross domestic product (GDP) oil and gas revenues tax revenues public expenditures current and capital expenditures government surplus/deficit STATISTICAL FILE...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92252–281 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1157985
Published: 01 April 2016
... a value-added tax. We may not object to these policies, whether it is the lifting of the subsidy or the imposition of taxes, given that they will lead to regulating consumption and generating revenues and, similarly, are necessary prerequisites in the construction of a tax regime needed by the state...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 9182–99 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1124519
Published: 01 January 2016
... into a stage above self-sufficiency. In this case, the poverty trap will be broken, and economic growth will emerge from self-sufficiency or even from family savings and public investment; especially from imposing taxes on families and private companies. In a case like this, foreign aid will no longer...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 911–11 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1138741
Published: 01 January 2016
... Mosul before the American withdrawal and the end of occupation in 2011, at which time they were imposing taxes on people according to their professions and under the eyes of the occupation authorities. . Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the so-called emir of Da sh, was incarcerated in Buka prison in southern Iraq...