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standards-living

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 9149–67 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1118913
Published: 01 January 2016
... the last decade it has become increasingly alienated from its ruling authority. During the Omani Spring of 2011 popular protests took place demanding political change and greater rights, freedoms and improved living standards. Sultan Qaboos wisely responded to these protests with a package of reforms...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1323–7 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.3
Published: 16 June 2020
... coupled with a boldness in holding the state responsible for the protection of the lives and provision of a functioning and responsive health system. On the government’s side, concerted efforts are made to gain the trust and support of the people, with continuous improvement of crisis management...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 132141–145 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.141
Published: 16 June 2020
... to meaningless. Such a correlation could easily be driven by numerous third factors—indeed, it is to be expected. For example, a decrease in living standards could easily increase aid and also increase violence, spuriously generating such a correlation. There may well be a causal relationship between...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13227–53 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.27
Published: 16 June 2020
... (2010) discusses the impact of pricing policy on social mobilizations particularly in the Middle East. When Morocco’s inland cities were shaken by rising prices, it did not escape waves of protests against the high price of the standard of living ( Harsch 2008 ; Brown 2008 ). Sefrou, Taza, Figuig, Bni...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1328–26 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.8
Published: 16 June 2020
... dedicated its Egypt Human Development Report (2005) to promoting the idea that a new social contract was needed. It argued that efficient social services and utilities are crucial to higher living standards and social mobility, and that this in turn “promotes higher levels of human development, greater...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13186–104 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.86
Published: 01 March 2020
... Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) with US$100 billion ( Dusek and Kairouz 2017 ). It has also developed free trade zones with up to twelve countries participating in the BRI, signed bilateral trade agreements with fifty-six of them, tax agreements with fifty-four, standardization cooperation agreements with...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13146–68 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.46
Published: 01 March 2020
... militias, and have, instead, chosen the fatal alternative to appease them, assigning them official tasks, financing them, and enabling them to become stronger than their financer (the state). Weapons have become a necessity for living in a tribal society: a highly desirable authoritarian tool for militias...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12461–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.61
Published: 01 December 2019
... of the various traditional organizations, and where women’s faces were visible at the forefront of the advancing protest movements. Regarding the right to a decent living, it is true that the experience of female leaders in association work was evoked; even affiliates and sympathizers with civic...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124104–120 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.104
Published: 01 December 2019
... and education as opposed to traditional ways of thinking and living. It is true that Reason was embraced by the intellectuals of Enlightenment in order to promote human emancipation and eliminate prejudice, ignorance, superstition, and dogmatism. The saddest irony, however, is that it has led, in...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1243–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.3
Published: 01 December 2019
... the culture of democracy and the rule of law and citizenship have still not been embodied in the state and society structure, the issue of identity components represents the standard upon which social, economic, and political resources are distributed. In other words, identity, given its ethnic and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124121–140 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.121
Published: 01 December 2019
... Rousseau, “the primitive man was happy and lived in virtuous harmony with his fellows till he became corrupted by the restraints and vices of civilization—especially the vice of private property” (128–29). Stoddard viciously attacks Rousseau because he thought the latter wanted us to go back to the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... groups are concerned. Out of this authoritarian bargain, those who benefited the most were the upper and upper middle classes of the rich coastal cities, especially Tunis and Monastir, whose standard of living was on a par with those living in Eastern and Southern Europe ( Perkins 2014 , 234). Cavatorta...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
... Egypt. Later, Lumumba’s children lived their childhood in Nasser’s home with his children, and they referred to President Nasser as “father” and his wife Tahiya as “mother”. 1. Paul Volcker was president of the US Federal Reserve in both the Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan administrations and the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12281–104 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122004
Published: 02 June 2019
...) Observations 1107 1145 Pseudo- R 2 0.034 0.046 Notes: Values are estimated coefficients (standard errors). * p <.05, ** p <.01, *** p <.001. FIGURE 1. Trust in Palestine, 2007–16 FIGURE 1. Trust in Palestine, 2007–16 FIGURE 2. Level of Trust in Palestine...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 121107–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121007
Published: 01 March 2019
... normative narrative of an effort towards conforming with the standards of a liberal state was at odds with habitual abuses, and thus, it made the language and practices of the regime more complex, especially with the ascension of the young Mohamed VI to the throne in 1999 ( Feliu 1995 , 2013 ; Vairel 2007...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12155–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121004
Published: 01 March 2019
... giant development projects impinging on national debt and, on the other, it enters the market to sell basic goods at half price, portraying its economic activities as socially sensitive to the plague of millions of Egyptians living in poverty and unable to afford basic commodities, such as shown by the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 114135–158 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114007
Published: 04 December 2018
... that the majority of American public opinion believe that “anyone who wants to stay in this country should have to learn English” (166). Selectively, even contradictorily, these “others” cannot emulate Huntington’s standards, and would be labeled as “demographic Reconquista” and an “illegal demographic...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11369–84 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113004
Published: 03 September 2018
... councils of regional technical departments that will undertake consultation and studies. The first phase was in the 1960s within the framework of the short-lived socialist trend and the experience of solidarity which ended in failure, and which subsequently embraced liberalism in the early 1970s...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11385–112 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113005
Published: 03 September 2018
... in political instability, unemployment, and corruption. Hence, many political commentators argue that unemployment and declining standards of living are the causes of the Arab Spring upheavals and political instability in the Middle East. The political instability caused by the IMF structural...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113135–154 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113007
Published: 03 September 2018
... influence on issues related to foreign and defense policies within the EU. As stated by the London School of Economics (LSE), “The EU lives in the shadow of NATO. This will remain central to the UK’s defence and security policy and to Common Security and Defence Policy, which relies on NATO in terms of...