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secular-forces

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 10193–117 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1279384
Published: 01 January 2017
... of the total religious neutrality of all state insti- tutions has been in force since 1905 (Safran 2004). Turkey, often claimed as the beacon of secularism in the Middle East, has emphatically not followed this path. It admittedly did under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1923 38) remove religious leaders...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 131128–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.128
Published: 01 March 2020
... between the “Muslim Brotherhood” and secular figures of the “Damascus Declaration,” issued in October in 2005 by numerous opposition groups and individuals calling for gradual and peaceful transition to a multiparty democracy in Syria. The book consists of two main sections. The first is reminiscent...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12483–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.83
Published: 01 December 2019
... manipulated by foreign forces undermined popular support ( Abdel Rahman 2013 ). This gave an opportunity to the MB to introduce publicly their ideas for political Islam away from secular ideals. By the time the 2011 events began, it had become an obvious concern that the revolution underway was a threat...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124104–120 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.104
Published: 01 December 2019
... indifference among the oppressed masses, the spread of alienation, and the emergence of anti-state authoritarianism presented by secular trends and Islamic movements (249). It is important to note that Zaki’s view came in the mid-1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and acknowledgement of the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1233–20 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123001
Published: 03 September 2019
... project, a conscious effort to develop a vision and strategy for logic and methods to move beyond Islamism in the social, political, and cultural spheres. Post-Islamism is not, however, anti-Islam, un-Islamic, or even secular. Rather, it is an endeavor to integrate religiosity and rights, faith and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... police had a free hand to conduct searches, concoct false stories, make arrests, and, finally, make the experience of the arrestees as humiliating and brutal as possible. Even the family members and relatives of both Islamic and secular (so-called) extremists, imprisoned or living abroad, were not spared...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122171–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122009
Published: 02 June 2019
..., freedom, and individual rights, justice, and equality, the relationship between the individual and society, and secularism and its reflection on the role of religion in the public sphere. The author raises the issue of reconciling freedom and equality owing to the difficulty in finding a balance...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12281–104 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122004
Published: 02 June 2019
... towards debating a side issue. The tactic used enabled the condemnation for the treatment of the protesters by Fatah forces and the PA’s security structure to become sidelined. Fatah, the party that triggered this debate, is a socialist and secular party that advocates for women’s participation and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122151–168 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122007
Published: 02 June 2019
... , edited by Christian Reus-Smit and Duncan Snidal , ch. 7. Oxford : Oxford University Press . Yavuz, M. Hakan . 2009 . Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Young, Karen E . 2015 . Foreign Policy Analysis of the Gulf Cooperation Council...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1143–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114001
Published: 04 December 2018
... Political Science graduate program. Email: gecorm@inco.com.lb This stage recalls some recent events that once again had a major impact on sectarian divisions among Arabs mainly caused by the diversion of the civil and secular Arab revolts. Some turned from civil and secular aspirations to supporting...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11441–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114003
Published: 04 December 2018
... Emancipative Beliefs .” European Sociological Review 27 ( 3 ): 364 – 84 . Bakri, Nada . 2010 . “ Barred Politicians Mostly Secular, Iraqi Says. ” The New York Times , January 21, 2010 . http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/22/world/middleeast/22iraq.html . Baldez, Lisa . 2006 . “ The Pros and Cons...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 114135–158 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114007
Published: 04 December 2018
... threats of political Islamist groups, there are two main arguments about how to do so. The first calls to accommodate with political Islam; the devotees of this argument believe that political Islam does not represent a threat to the West but a healthy popular response to the failure of secular Arab...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113161–168 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113009
Published: 03 September 2018
... functions” that used to be vested in religious institutions have now become differentiated between the latter and other institutions (church and state, religion and the economy, religion and education, and so forth). Berger’s differentiation can be seen as the objective component of secularization, as Jose...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113169–174 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113010
Published: 03 September 2018
... secular parties in the country, while the elected Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, was ousted by the Egyptian military in 2013. The issue of legitimacy in Egypt was brought back to the fore and Washington found itself, once again, being contested. In other Arab countries, such as Iraq and Syria, the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1133–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113001
Published: 03 September 2018
... higher learning from either religious training or higher secular education, it was mainly informal for the first centuries of Islam (seventh–tenth centuries); it was formalized with the founding of the madrasah in the eleventh century by Nizām al-Mulk in Baghdad ( Barazangi 1998 ). For centuries, early...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11325–46 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113002
Published: 03 September 2018
... chosen instead to stay quiet about these issues, hoping to dodge criticism in order to avoid controversy or alienate secular and liberal forces ( Al-Anani 2011 ). In contrast, Mahdi Akef, the Seventh General Guide of the Brotherhood, demonstrated his recognition of rights for the Coptic community. He...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11385–112 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113005
Published: 03 September 2018
... gear the labor force to changing needs by increasing staff when this adds value to the organization and firing them when the organization is overstaffed. This strategy came to be termed “right-sizing,” which links recruitment with organizational goals. The policy of right-sizing invites private...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11347–68 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113003
Published: 03 September 2018
... , edited by W. A. Arts and L. Halman (International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology), 161 – 90 . Leiden : Brill . Norris, P. , and R. Inglehart . 2011 . Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Pascon, P. 1979...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2307–318 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000019
Published: 01 March 2018
... than replacing one form of dictatorship by another. Of all the Arab states that experienced mass protests in 2011, only Tunisia has even partially succeeded at consolidating a democratic transition, as presidential and parliamentary elections there brought to power a coalition of secular and Islamist...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-263–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000005
Published: 01 March 2018
... have not succeeded in ensuring the independence of the political sphere from other spheres, as is the case in modern countries. Thus, ideologies of various kinds, both religious and secular, have dominated, which has distorted communication between the two sides. 3. The study of various dialogues...