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professional-syndicates

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13254–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.54
Published: 16 June 2020
... parties, professional syndicates, associations, clubs, and cultural ties ( Diamond 1994 , 7). Other researchers have added tribes, sects, and religious affiliations, which are considered important within Arab society and its development, and others still have asserted that governmental institutions should...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12483–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.83
Published: 01 December 2019
... individual religious outreach activities. It also used other civil society organizations, such as professional syndicates for political outreach ( El-Miselhy 2008 , 49–50). These activities, at the grassroots level, constituted the construction of a “parallel society” that challenged the regime’s power. On...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122169–170 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122008
Published: 02 June 2019
... changing disposition is revealed through Zina’s character. Zina is a pluralist Marxist who is in sharp conflict with the radical Tunisian Marxists who, according to her, are “extremist” and “professional partisans” (54) incapable of grasping the revolutionary moment and the difference between revolutionary...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2139–165 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000009
Published: 01 March 2018
... if the bureaucratic state, conceived by Weber, is only willing to participate with itself, and is only confident of its political elites, and is not prepared to rely only on its highly experienced, qualified, and professional technocratic administrative elite. Symbolic interactionism sees that...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103392–407 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1350368
Published: 01 July 2017
... downloaded from the universities websites between September 1, 2014, and November 27, 2014. All downloaded texts were investigated to detect the culture of law under three headings: law; accountability and transparency; and professional ethics. For this purpose, we used three lists of keywords. When a...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103408–425 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1358957
Published: 01 July 2017
...- ations. The organizing entities of civil society may be fixed, such as non-governmental organizations (syndicates, associations, cooperatives, cultural clubs, athletic clubs, parties etc but they may also be circumstantial bodies that deal with urgent matters (protest movements, relief campaigns, public...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 83379–397 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1051377
Published: 01 July 2015
... sector by connecting with individuals through the pro- vision of social welfare and in the form of Islamic consciousness-raising. Additionally, during this period many Islamists, some of whom later joined the MB, became active in university student unions and went on to dominate the professional...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 72246–262 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.917884
Published: 01 April 2014
..., associations, syndicates). . All Arab countries have witnessed varying degrees of political and ideological extremism, manifested in the use of physical violence by the military and security services, and symbolic violence by religious, educational and media institutions. . All Arab countries suffer from...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 64539–551 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.856079
Published: 01 October 2013
..., members of the labour syndicate boards, etc.) to take part, without officially approving or ordering other members to do the same. As of 20 January 2011, the Brotherhood posted on its official English website MB s Statement on Tunisia s Uprising and the Demands of the Egyptian People , which said that...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 52214–229 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.673069
Published: 01 April 2012
... it was officially banned as a pol- itical movement from 1954, the MB managed to win a considerable number of parlia- mentary seats, exploiting its presence and appeal at the grassroots level, as well as the active membership of many of the brothers in Egypt s professional syndicates. As the MB s...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 52198–213 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.668303
Published: 01 April 2012
... promoted by NGOs and other formalized civil society organizations. These organizations are too comfortable to mobilize. However, what about the human rights associations and NGOs? Many donors and international organizations limited their view of civil society to the depoliticized and professionalized...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 22214–228 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910902854015
Published: 01 April 2009
... legitimacy professional syndicates student unions the 1991 Gulf War Kifayah Movement United States Contemporary Arab Affairs Vol. 2, No. 2, April June 2009, 214 228 ISSN 1755-0912 print/ISSN 1755-0920 online © 2009 The Centre for Arab Unity Studies DOI: 10.1080/17550910902854015...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 2190–105 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802576114
Published: 01 January 2009
... professionals to bring the mut:aw ah to justice, Prince Nayif instead praised them, linking their mission to the fight against terrorism.7 Islam itself is explicitly presented by the Saudi Wahha¯b ¯s as an obstacle to reform. The strategy is to impress upon the Saudi population that other countries in the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 13445–463 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802164796
Published: 01 July 2008
... groups, the regime tightened its security measures, indiscriminately cracking down on moderate Islamists and particularly targeting the MB, which proved its strength by controlling many professional syndicates and social associations (Al-Ahra¯m Weekly 1995; Fahmy 1998). Despite this, the MB decided to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 1143–54 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910701773127
Published: 01 January 2008
..., such as political, syndicated, professional, cultural, women s and charitable organizations in northern Arab countries, non-governmental organizations in the Arab Gulf countries cannot be included in this description. The absence of such organizations, and of any role for political movements and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 1185–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910701812271
Published: 01 January 2008
... opposition groups to legalize political parties. The Moroccan government has considered a new bill that would introduce restrictions on party formation. It would in effect ban religious, racial, regional, socio-professional, or linguistic references in party platforms, and would require parties to...