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primary-balance

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102321–324 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1311104
Published: 01 April 2017
... countries in the region due to the pressure debt servicing might impose on these countries, which basically suffer an uncomfortable primary balance, in addition to the impact of crises in the region. Table 1 provides indicators on domestic public debts with ratios of debts to GDP, while Table 2 gives...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 93400–420 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1202596
Published: 01 July 2016
...Grine Rabie In the 21st century, knowledge has come to be counted as the new primary delimiter in balances of power in the global system and the decisive factor within it, meaning that power and political authority have come to be tied to the production of knowledge and the capability to use it...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1313–22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.3
Published: 01 March 2020
... of an activist state. Hariri never returned Lebanon to its liberal roots. In contrast to pre-war laissez-faire liberalism, Hariri’s neoliberalism actually strengthened the economic management of the Lebanese state. Harirism is thus defined as balancing Gulf capital as the driving force of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2010; 311–6 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910903471181
Published: 01 January 2010
..., appear to be coming to the fore – even when such may threaten internal balances. The author argues that Israel's position is increasingly problematic due not only to Palestinian demographics, but also to its recent experience against Hezbollah which has mastered asymmetrical warfare at a time when the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124156–164 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.156
Published: 01 December 2019
...-depth research and investigation focused on understanding the phenomenon of religiosity in the Maghreb communities, the presence and representation of the religious balance, the reasons for its use by extremist religious groups and political Islamic groups, as well as in official religious institutions...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12417–36 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.17
Published: 01 December 2019
... professionalism” is the best way to ensure civilian control of the military. Focusing, in particular, on the officer corps, Huntington has argued that military professionalism implies a specific expertise in the use of force, a primary responsibility within the state for military functions and the existence of a...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12483–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.83
Published: 01 December 2019
... determined by this strength and presence and evolved according to it. The social and economic strength and presence of each opposition group also determined the extent of conflicts or cooperation between Islamist and non-Islamist opposition groups, but the primary tendency to conflict or to cooperation was...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12399–118 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123006
Published: 03 September 2019
... balance against other states to defend political values, ideological principles, and a favorable world order ( Thakur 2003 ). Competition and rivalry in the Horn of Africa (HoA) have recently shifted from international players to regional actors. One of the manifest trends of this shift is the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... vast increase in casual and low-paid jobs in the informal sector, coupled with the rising economic inequality and regional disparities, heavily disturbed the nature and balance of the authoritarian bargain. Gradually, the number of the marginalized and least-benefited classes in society increased...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122105–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122005
Published: 02 June 2019
... central focus of the urban planning process of the Palestinian presence and development in Jerusalem. It continued with the demographic discourse on preserving the demographic balance for the benefit of Israelis and identifying areas for development, including the use of open green areas according to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12175–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121005
Published: 01 March 2019
... liberalization was launched during the late 1980s and, in a second round, the 1990s, the primary elites close to Gaddafi (who monopolized the large telecommunications, construction, marine transport, and finance companies) and their associated groups were the prime beneficiaries ( Martínez 2013 , St. John 2011...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 121107–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121007
Published: 01 March 2019
...Blanca Camps-Febrer Morocco’s security sector is a fundamental component of the regime of power in the country. The legitimacy and structure of the security forces has evolved over time, reflecting changing balances within the power struggle among competing elites, but also to a certain degree the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12139–54 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121003
Published: 01 March 2019
... ). 4. Very briefly, the Sociology of Power seeks to determine the primary actors (understood as individuals or alliances of individuals, but not abstract entities) in a system and their power resources, bearing in mind that their position entails constant competition with the other actors for the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1213–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121001
Published: 01 March 2019
... maintain a balance of power of the elites who control these bodies, preventing any potential threats to the primary elite, the monarchy (Camps-Febrer, in this issue). However, in the Lebanese case (Farrés-Fernández, in this issue), the reform of the security sector is used in the competition between the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12191–106 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121006
Published: 01 March 2019
...Ruth Hanau Santini; Giulia Cimini In Tunisia, the notion and understanding of security, while no longer focused on regime security, remains a top-down, state-security understanding, rather than a societal one. Further, while the 2014 democratic Constitution devised significant checks and balances...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12155–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121004
Published: 01 March 2019
... . Bedouins Begin to Demand Equal Citizenship Rights . Report. http://www.irinnews.org/news/2011/06/16/bedouins-begin-demand-equal-citizenship-rights International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) . 2016 . The Military Balance . London : Routledge . Janowitz, M . 1977 . Military...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11441–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114003
Published: 04 December 2018
... . New York : Routledge . ——— . 2007 . “ Gender Balance in Politics: Goals and Strategies in a Global Perspective .” In The Arab Quota Report: Selected Case Studies , 19 – 27 . Cairo : International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) . Dahlerup, Drude...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1143–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114001
Published: 04 December 2018
... that led us to this stage in our developmental path. Below are listed ten key factors that I consider to be the primary stages in the course of the Arab countries’ failures, destruction, and disunion. What do we mean by the “dynamics of failure”? It implies a series of collective actions and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11483–110 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114005
Published: 04 December 2018
... student begins the Bahth al-Kharij stage. As the hawza does not officially follow the academic model of credits, comparison based on credit distribution is not possible. Overall, the Muqadimat phase at the hawza lasts three to four years, followed by three to four years for primary Sutuh and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113113–134 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113006
Published: 03 September 2018
.../qatar-balancing-act-saudi-arabia-iran-risk.html , Accessed December 24, 2017. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) . 2017a . The World Factbook, Qatar . https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/qa.html , Accessed January 3, 2018. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA...