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poverty-egypt

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 13375–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802163848
Published: 01 July 2008
... increased and heightened socio-economic crisis in Egypt, which the Egyptian government attempted to control by imposing increasingly authoritarian measures, with political de-liberalization evident in both urban and rural areas (Kienle 2001). This led, at the turn of the millennium, to a period of failed...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 2173–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802577112
Published: 01 January 2009
... Unity Studies 2009 poverty in Egypt Egyptian urban poor social and economic repercussions of IMF and World Bank structural readjustment policies in Egypt unemployment and healthcare in Egypt standards of living Repercussions of the economic reform policies on the urban poor in Egypt Ali El...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13123–45 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.23
Published: 01 March 2020
... Middle East, and more so at the Libyan–Egyptian border. This research paper assesses the current security and policy problems of the Egyptian–Libyan border from Egypt’s national security perspective and the movement of ISIS militants across this border, which inevitably impacts Egypt’s Eastern border in...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1313–22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.3
Published: 01 March 2020
... for several months. Joseph Massad links the social upheavals occurring throughout the Arab world and asserts that “the major struggles in the Arab world today—in Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Sudan, Morocco and elsewhere—are struggles against neoliberal economics and the poverty...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13186–104 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.86
Published: 01 March 2020
... Privileges and Immunities of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, and only three (Egypt, Iraq, and Oman) have ratified the 1998 Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Seabed Authority. All in all, and with the risk associated with every generalization and its exceptions...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12437–60 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.37
Published: 01 December 2019
... people of Sinai is rooted in the tribes governed by customs rather than laws, and is a result of historical and cultural realities. There are remarkably few studies on the media impact on the identities of minorities and marginalized peoples in at-risk communities in the Arab region, especially Egypt...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1243–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.3
Published: 01 December 2019
... becoming a hub for dissident Ikhwan leaders from Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and North Africa, and the wide use of social media, local newspapers, local and Arab journalists and intellectuals strengthening the role of the religious institutions in the public sphere, amplifying the Sunni identity vis-à-vis the Shia...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123127–136 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123008
Published: 03 September 2019
... national independence and development in Egypt. Initially, it was not easy for Sadat to bypass the charismatic leadership of Nasser and reveal his intentions to overthrow the “Nasriya” before establishing his legitimacy, especially during the period between 1970 and the outbreak of the “October War” in...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... ousting Zine El Abidine Bin Ali—once an unchallengeable ruler—from power. Rapidly the spark spread to the other countries of the MENA region, including Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Morocco, and Bahrain ( Eyadat 2011 , 3), thereby setting in motion a domino effect that came to be popularly known as the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
... nation is facing the choice between two critical options: socialism or neoliberal barbarism. TABLE 1. Yearly average real gross domestic product (GDP) growth per capita 1960–79 1980–2011 Yearly average real GDP growth per capita Syria 3.8% 1.2% Iraq 6.8% 2.1% Egypt 3.5...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122171–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122009
Published: 02 June 2019
... towards the United States. In any case, after the 1978 Camp David Accords, Sadat completed his coup against Nasserism and greatly damaged Egypt’s relations with the Soviet Union, all in advance of fully getting involved in the American peace talks in the region. The author believes that President...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12155–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121004
Published: 01 March 2019
... Republic of Egypt 2014 ). 5. Some four thousand draft evaders are arrested yearly by the security forces (see Agence France Presse (AFP), May 27, 1993, cited in War Resisters International 1998 ). 6. See note 1 above. 7. Up to the 1970s, only uneducated Egyptians had to serve, but...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 121125–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121008
Published: 01 March 2019
... the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, and the call for the United States to form an international coalition that included most Western nations, including a number of Arab states such as Egypt and Syria to help with the liberation of Kuwait in January 1991. American interventionism, which...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1213–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121001
Published: 01 March 2019
... . Egypt’s National Interest. A “Sociology of Power” Analysis . Barcelona : Universidad Autònoma de Barcelona . doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14678802.2013.811053 http://ddd.uab.cat/record/113032 . Luethold, Arnold . 2004 . “ Security Sector Reform in the Arab Middle East: A Nascent Debate .” In...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12191–106 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121006
Published: 01 March 2019
... the border police (interview with the German Embassy, Tunis, June 2017). Other contingent events have also played a part in rising German involvement in the Tunisian security sector, including the cessation of activities in Egypt as a consequence of the trial against the director of the German Konrad...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1143–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114001
Published: 04 December 2018
... economic development, despite their inflictions on the Ottoman Sultanate and the ruthlessness of their colonial dominance over western North Africa and Egypt. This division continued to persist even after the downfall of the Ottoman Sultanate, and mainly involved the Islamists who, on the one hand, raised...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 114163–174 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114009
Published: 04 December 2018
... establishment of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the ongoing Gulf crisis between both parties in the conflict: Qatar, on the one hand, and Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, and Egypt known as “the Quartet countries” or the “countries for the isolation of Qatar,” on the other hand...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 114111–134 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114006
Published: 04 December 2018
... mainly used to improve the facilities of recipients, such as infrastructure projects, training centers, and improving military communication ( Taylor 2018 ). Remarkably, China’s military assistance has offered free de-mining equipment to Egypt, Sudan, Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, Angola, Chad, and Mozambique...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113169–174 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113010
Published: 03 September 2018
... to end the split between Hamas and Fatah have failed and even generated more divisions, she considers the signing of the “Palestinian National Accord” in Cairo in April 2011 under the auspices of Egypt as being a positive step to achieving Palestinian reconciliation with a unified negotiating...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2307–318 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000019
Published: 01 March 2018
... neoliberalism that is capable of restoring humanity’s rights. Mohammed Shuman, Street Speech: Transformations of Life and Death in Egypt (Cairo: Today’s News, 2017). 135 pp. This book monitors the rapid changes within Egyptian society during the three years following the “January 25, 2011 revolution...