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polarization

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (1): 46–68.
Published: 01 March 2020
... the legitimate state boundary and became the real actors, polarizing politics and society while rendering any political dialogue ineffective, especially when confined to exclusionary power-sharing arrangements. Official bodies remain weak and divided, while peripheral actors reject/resist submitting...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (1): 69–85.
Published: 01 March 2020
... independence sought a sovereign state with free decision-making, away from French influence in particular, in a context of ideological polarization and mutual hostility between ex-colonial forces and independent states. The root of such hostility lies in what both parties lost, and resulted in a distinctive...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (2): 81–104.
Published: 02 June 2019
... indirectly, has led to the current low level of trust that has left remarkable changes and deep polarization in Palestinian society. TABLE 1. Variables used for Palestine Variable Expected sign Explanation Trust Depended Generally speaking, do you think most people are trustworthy or not...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2017) 10 (1): 93–117.
Published: 01 January 2017
... state that took place during the period of relative free debate and of tentative steps towards a democratic system between February 11, 2011 and July 3, 2013. In light of the deepening polarization between the Muslim Brothers and the more secular political tendencies that characterized the period, the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2013) 6 (3): 404–421.
Published: 01 July 2013
... the army and judiciary, the Muslim Brotherhood, and liberals – to collaborate and avoid posing religion and the state as two opposing entities. Having to deal with the Shari'a as the source or reference for legislation need not be a polarizing issue as religion is being dealt with as ‘the dominant...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2013) 6 (2): 172–188.
Published: 01 April 2013
...Ahmad Kamal Abou Al-Majd This article attempts to attenuate the exaggerated polarization in contemporary religious discourse in Egyptian society emanating from two flawed positions: a wrong conception of ‘applying Shari'a‘; and a wrong intention whereby deliberate cultural exclusion is practised to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2012) 5 (4): 497–512.
Published: 01 October 2012
... fragmented sectarian groups, and has instigated a polarizing struggle over nationhood. Fearing the degradation of their power to a majoritarian order, sectarian leaders have resorted to various mobilization strategies to obstruct the emergence of a unifying national identity and democratic state...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2012) 5 (3): 427–447.
Published: 01 July 2012
...Fatḥī al-ʿAfīfī The Arab world in the 2010–2011 period was subject to a massive and unprecedented process of ‘creative destruction’. Despite its highly pernicious effects at numerous levels, including the distortion of political life and the stark polarization and increasing disparities between...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 138–144.
Published: 28 August 2020
... polarization. It is also rife with fanaticism and extremism that led to violence and terrorism, which soon became transnational terrorism. Highly interested in conflict management experiences of pluralistic societies in Europe, Latin America, Africa, and Asia, the author seeks to extract common...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 98–122.
Published: 28 August 2020
... polarization. Both sides from this day continue to build narratives and counternarratives to suit their interpretation of the events. The country remains sharply polarized, and increasingly the population is forced to take a stand for or against, with minimal space for anyone to stand in the middle ground...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 123–131.
Published: 28 August 2020
... to Arab or Islamic doctrinal ideologies which aimed to create political change. Rather, what happened, with the failure of grand ideological experiments worldwide, was the establishment of a new global system with a strange polar reference, on one side, and the massive information explosion in...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 146–156.
Published: 16 June 2020
... order. As the BRICS countries agreed to enhance their economic, political, and cultural cooperation to achieve mutual interests, they decided to form a multi-polar economic system that has the ability to face global economic shocks, especially after the global financial crisis of 2008 which afflicted...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 27–53.
Published: 16 June 2020
... activists before criminal courts is the preferred method used by the authorities. The frequent political use of criminal law constitutes one of the tools of repressive practices under the guise of legality. Often, the collective responses that follow vary according to the polarity that leads the dormancy of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 156–164.
Published: 01 December 2019
... issue of mosques being caught between official control and sectarian chaos, religious polarization, and between the Moroccan form of mosques and some of the contents and manifestations of the Salafist doctrine of the expatriate, and access to the mosque as sites for conflict between various religious...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 61–82.
Published: 01 December 2019
... . Beirut : Muntada Al-Maaref . Belkziz , Abdelilah , ed. 2014 . Arab Women: From Violence and Discrimination to Political Participation . Beirut : Centre of Arab Unity Studies . Bennis , Mohamed Ahmed . 2015 . “ Ideological Polarization and Women in Morocco .” New Arab March 26...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 83–103.
Published: 01 December 2019
... to illustrate some of the problems of the post “revolution” or the transitional period that stem from the problems of the past as political polarization, opposition exclusion, and the political repercussions of a dominant ruling party. The nature of Mubarak’s “hybrid” regime structured in a...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (3): 3–20.
Published: 03 September 2019
.... In the case of Morocco, we find a similar evolution in integration into politics. From the Chabiba movement and its polarizing rhetoric to an Islamist movement engaged in political action and committed to its basic rules (The Justice and Development Party) or forswearing violence and accepting...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (3): 99–118.
Published: 03 September 2019
...-Emirati relations with HoA countries have managed to weaken the Iranian influence in the region and end the isolation of Sudan and Eritrea. However, the Turkish–Qatari axis is more challenging to the Saudi-Emirati alliance, and has a far more polarizing effect on HoA countries. This was evident in...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (2): 25–52.
Published: 02 June 2019
... cleavage before the uprising; however, the sectarian interpretation of the protests, widespread in both traditional and new media, may have further exacerbated the polarization of society by making these identities more salient. In light of the increased crackdown, the opposition communities rely strongly...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (2): 105–138.
Published: 02 June 2019