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peshmerga

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 2167–72 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802597631
Published: 01 January 2009
... lucrative trans-national smuggling routes at a time when services have deteriorated and material components of infrastructure have been sold off to Iran. The picture of a region run by the Peshmerga militias of the ruling parties and plagued by corruption and influence peddling in a world of shifting...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 21134–142 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802576171
Published: 01 January 2009
... volatile sectarian and ethnic allegiances – exacerbated through direct recruitment from partisan militias including the Kurdish Peshmerga, the Badr Corps and Ṣadrist groups – that obviate against a stable and reliable hierarchical chain of command. It contains a complete analysis of all current Iraqi Army...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94565–576 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1244901
Published: 01 October 2016
... divided along ethnic and religious lines, including the Popular Mobilization (Shia), the Peshmerga (Kurdish), the Tribal Mobilization (Sunni), the National Mobilization (Sunni), the Babylon Brigades (Christians) and other minority mili- tias. Moreover, the process of liberation has often created more...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 93479–486 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1200308
Published: 01 July 2016
... November 2015). . President of the Kurdistan Regional Government, Nechirvan Barzani, announced that the Kurds favoured secession from Baghdad (Al-Hayat, Beirut, 6 November 2015). . Kurdish Peshmerga forces announced the liberation of the Iraqi city of Sinjar, which was controlled by Islamic State (Daash...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92329–339 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1165028
Published: 01 April 2016
... law asserted that members of the banned Baath party (of Saddam Hussein) are not entitled to form political parties (Al-Hayat, Beirut, 28 August 2015). . Kurdish Peshmerga forces took control of 11 villages in southern Kirkuk during a mili- tary operation against Daesh militants (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 91147–156 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1121613
Published: 01 January 2016
... progress in the provinces of Lahij and Abyan (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat, London, 31 July 2015). Baghdad . Iraq s top Shiite cleric, Ali al-Sistani, stressed that he would reject any US plan to arm tribal forces or Kurdish forces (Peshmerga) without coordination with the government in Baghdad (Al-Hayat, Beirut, 2...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 84602–610 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1090138
Published: 01 October 2015
... 2015). . Peshmerga forces captured three villages in the southern area of Kirkuk province, which were under the control of Daash (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat, London, 18 March 2015). . At least 30 Iraqi policemen and 54 militants were killed in clashes between Iraqi security forces and Daash militants in Anbar...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 83449–455 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1055903
Published: 01 July 2015
... these raids is to defeat Da ash (Al-Nahar, Beirut, 30 Decem- ber 2014). . Four Sunni clerics were assassinated in the city of Basra, provoking additional sectarian tensions in the southern city of Iraq (Al-Hayat, Beirut, 3 January 2015). . Kurdish Peshmerga forces foiled a massive attack by IS...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 83295–322 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1057426
Published: 01 July 2015
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 82275–285 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1024487
Published: 01 April 2015
..., Beirut, 1 November 2014). . The US administration decided to send an additional 1500 military advisers to Iraq to train Iraqi forces, including the Kurdish Peshmerga forces (Al-Sharq Al- Awsat, London, 9 November 2014). . Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi issued a decree to exempt 26 military...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 81132–139 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.979561
Published: 01 January 2015
... to all forms of normalization with Israel (statement issued by the meeting, Beirut, 9 August 2014). 6. National affairs Baghdad . Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki warned the Kurdish Region Government (KRG) against any plan to secede from Iraq after Peshmerga the Kurdish mili- tias moved into...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 8196–108 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.990797
Published: 01 January 2015
... areas in the province of Diyala. In the weeks that followed, ISIS forces threatened the Syrian city of Ayn al-Arab or Kobane, inhabited by a Kurdish majority and situated on the border with Turkey. They entered into confronta- tion in a ground war with Peshmerga forces in a number of Kurdish villages in...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 74622–634 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.953867
Published: 01 October 2014
... for a new Iraqi government representing all pol- itical factions in the country (Al-Nahar, Beirut, 24 June 2014). . President of Iraqi Kurdistan Region (IKR) Massoud Barazani visited Kirkuk the contested city with Baghdad for the first time since Kurdish Peshmerga units gained control of the city...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 74576–594 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.965567
Published: 01 October 2014
... Ministries of Peshmerga and the Ministry of Finance, because each party has its own ministries. In addition, the local elections ended six months ago in Kurdistan region, but the cabinet has not been formed due to these differences.13 This same division, in both a similar and different way, applies to the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 62300–312 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.779428
Published: 01 April 2013
... belonging to the former Iraqi Army, pointing out that the Iraqi govern- ment in Baghdad cannot arm the Kurdish Peshmerga forces of the Kurdistan region as long as they are not subject to the federal authority in Baghdad (Al- Sharq Al-Awsat, London, 7 November 2012). . At least 45 people were killed and 200...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 61139–148 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.752613
Published: 01 January 2013
... and that of the Kurdistan Region as the Iraqi Army and the Kurdistan Region forces (Peshmerga) tried to control separately the Iraqi border with Syria without any coordination (Al-Nahar, Beirut, 29 July 2012). . The US State Department decided to reduce the scope and size of the Iraqi Police training...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2011; 411–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.543780
Published: 01 January 2011
...). Moreover, the continued existence of the Peshmerga, which amounts to an independent Kurdish army, keeps alive the possibility of an extremely violent and protracted conflict in North Iraq should the Kurds fail to meet their key demands through the political process (Stansfield and Anderson 2009, p. 135...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 23501–516 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910903087904
Published: 01 July 2009
... Daily Star, Beirut, 19 May 2009). Major General Jabb[amacr ] r Y[amacr ]wir, a high-level official in the Kurdish Peshmerga Affairs Ministry, has denied US reports about opening Kurdistan airspace for Israeli warplanes to attack the Iranian nuclear reactor. Y[amacr ]wir also denied that there is any...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 211–25 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802700946
Published: 01 January 2009
... major Kurdish parties have not been able, up to now although, both are in the government, to unite the local Kurdistan Ministries of Finance and ministries in charge of the Peshmerga [Kurdish militia]; even cellular telephone networks within Sulayma¯n ¯yah (under T: alaba¯n are different from those...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 1125–41 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910701773119
Published: 01 January 2008
... five ministers (there had previously been two). After March 1970, the KPD was licensed to operate openly and was given the right to open several branches all over Iraq. Large numbers of Kurdish students were admitted to Iraq s military academies and part of the Kurdish militia (the Peshmerga) was...