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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12175–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121005
Published: 01 March 2019
... of mass destruction (WMD) program; and of sponsoring terrorism. These pressures generated domestic economic problems and national discontent. Moreover, the decrease in the demand for oil and gas and the ageing oil fields were hobbling the production of Libyan oil and, consequently, lowering revenues...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 101165–170 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1280261
Published: 01 January 2017
...@caus.org.lb © 2017 The Centre for Arab Unity Studies 2017 Government revenues gross domestic product (GDP) oil and gas (hydrocarbon) revenues tax revenues government expenditures current and capital expenditures government deficit/surplus general government fiscal balance STATISTICAL...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104577–595 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1402481
Published: 01 October 2017
... Arab econ- omies is characterized in general by the excessive reliance on energy exports (oil, gas and minerals), which makes them rentier economies domestically and exchange econom- ies internationally. Such characteristics keep them at the mercy of the foreign partners pressures and of global price...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102256–285 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1302059
Published: 01 April 2017
... the high average ratio of oil revenue to total budget revenues, which averaged 80.30% between 1959 and 1970 (Brown 1979). Similarly, this trend which has only been increasing is demon- strated by the high contribution of oil to the gross domestic product (GDP). For instance, the average oil rent...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 9149–67 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1118913
Published: 01 January 2016
... hydrocarbons, during the sultan s 52 B. M. SAID absence and amidst the official discussion, a number of Omani officials released state- ments. These have stirred up the public because of the possible influence of fluctuating oil prices on promotions and bonuses for government sector employees. There has also...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 82212–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1017958
Published: 01 April 2015
... total reliance on oil as a main resource for its revenue. . Doubts about Algeria s competitive abilities in the areas of oil and gas, both in the mid- and long-term. . Delays in undertaking structural reforms that did not allow an improvement in the trade balance outside of hydrocarbons because of the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 64552–566 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.850772
Published: 01 October 2013
... countries to around US$55 billion annually, more than double China s US$22.7 billion and around half of Japan s US$115 billion of hydrocarbon trade with those states (Davidson 2011). In addition, a series of recent oil and gas development projects signed between the GCC countries and various Korean...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 52252–278 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.671999
Published: 01 April 2012
... political uproar. It was revealed that the major Italian oil company (Eni) was a party to the contract with officials of the National Company of Hydrocarbons (Sonatrach); and an Italian official admitted to a payment of US$33 million as a commission through Umar Yahya, who received US $20 million with the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 5186–106 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.647417
Published: 01 January 2012
... formulate a plan with time-dependent quantitative criteria in order to resolve the demographic anomaly. . Drafting a plan for the petroleum sector that would deal with the depletion of gas and oil reserves and create alternatives for the growth of revenues. . Resolving the issue of the unregulated property...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2011; 42257–265 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.569185
Published: 01 April 2011
... shows figures of natural gas production. Table 5 gives figures for refining capacity in Arab countries; while Table 6 provides estimates of energy consumption in OAPEC and other Arab countries. Spot prices of OPEC basket crude oil and oil export revenues in Arab countries are shown in Tables 7 and 8...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2010; 3138–52 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910903541835
Published: 01 January 2010
... to US$38.60 per barrel in December 2008) was an ominous sign. Indeed, according to The World Bank (2009a), for the GCC in aggregate, oil and gas revenues dropped from US$670 billion in 2008 to an estimated US$280 billion during 2009 a massive decline equivalent to 38 percent of the group s GDP (p...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 2190–105 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802576114
Published: 01 January 2009
... landscape, of threats and challenges, makes it all the more imperative that the Saudi rulers grasp opportunities to renew their political survival strategies. The oil chimera Saudi Arabia is the world s largest oil producer, with reserves of 267 billion barrels in 2006, according to the Oil and Gas...