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new-middle-class

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 6191–101 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.756631
Published: 01 January 2013
... and how it contributed to new discursive and political divisions among middle-class women whose activism was historically identified with the development of Arab feminism. * Email: mhatem@howard.edu © 2013 The Centre for Arab Unity Studies 2013 patriarchy modernization...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1313–22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.3
Published: 01 March 2020
... class to the new contracting middle class, which angered some representatives of the old order. However, some of the old elites received better deals. Heiko Schmid reported that property owned by Maqasid and Christian establishments were lobbied by Bahij Tabbara, a legal adviser to Hariri and later a...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 131128–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.128
Published: 01 March 2020
... the second part, May Abou El-Dahab deals with the choice of upper-class women in Egyptian society to frequent social spaces in Cairo, reserved for women only, as a way to resist forms of pressure and harassment exercised by men in mixed places, and in addition to their lobbying for free private spaces...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124104–120 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.104
Published: 01 December 2019
... the early 1950s as a mobilizing tool for the new ideology and attracting the low and middle classes. From the mid-1950s to the early 1960s, education was connected to development planning as a human investment to meet economic expansion through technocratic expertise. Education was then used as a tool...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124121–140 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.121
Published: 01 December 2019
... calling for equality. It revolted against the French white aristocracy and the mulattos (the mixed race) that composed the middle class. Independence was declared and the white as well as the mulatto races were eradicated—a development that led to the establishment of the state of black Haiti where...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12483–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.83
Published: 01 December 2019
... appear to constitute a direct threat to the regime’s existence, its status gave it the push to act both as a main opposition group and also to develop grassroots ties with the population. By providing charitable services to the poor and middle classes, the organizations ran or funded by the MB succeeded...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124165–172 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.165
Published: 01 December 2019
... Trump administration also stressed that the agreement does not limit Iran’s interference in the affairs of neighboring countries, referring to Saudi Arabia, Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, Syria, and Lebanon. As many experts observed, Trump is seeking a new nuclear deal that includes Iran’s ballistic...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1243–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.3
Published: 01 December 2019
... remain effective in the most critical decisions. In fact, they determine the position and status of citizens in their society. New class configurations for individuals and their political affiliations are still incomplete. Indeed, in some cases, they are stumbling blocks to any political, cultural, and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12437–60 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.37
Published: 01 December 2019
... recognition through the blackout of North Sinai in news programs. Zachovà (2016 ) concluded that Bedouins suffer from economic and political inequalities, ethnicity-motivated accusations of treason, and double-dealing, leaving them feeling like voiceless, marginalized, second-class citizens. Other...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... Uprising, Hinnebusch ( 2015a , 210) put it as follows: “The challenge authoritarian regimes face is that once societies reach a certain level of social mobilization (education, literacy, urbanization, size of the middle class) regimes that do not accommodate demands for political participation risk they...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12399–118 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123006
Published: 03 September 2019
... interest in investing in the banking and service sectors. This development is driven by the fact that the return on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Africa is higher compared with other countries in the developing world, in addition to the growing purchasing power of the middle class which would increase...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123127–136 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123008
Published: 03 September 2019
... democratic transition. On the other hand, economic development including high levels of education and urbanization and an increase in the size of the middle class might ease the process of democratization. The impact of the social factor on the process of democratization is also debatable. Some believe...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
..., ensure the flow of wealth and surplus from the South to the North depends on fostering new mechanisms, which might be savage and materialize in bloody and violent fashion in the South. It also assumes a significant role for the dominant classes and elites in the South, as well as political, cultural, and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12253–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122003
Published: 02 June 2019
... Internet, religious sites 26 9 Internet, news 14 21 Internet, search 13 22 Internet, other 15 20 Radio, religious 26 9 Radio, other non-religious 21 14 TABLE 13. Favorite Reading Topics Expressed by Sunni Preachers Genre N Political/news 25 Literary...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122105–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122005
Published: 02 June 2019
... twice as large as the present population without Israeli demographic policies. This geo-demographic policy pushed the middle and upper-class population to leave Jerusalem and migrate to Ramallah or abroad, along with their economic and administrative institutions, thereby contributing to the weakening...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12155–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121004
Published: 01 March 2019
... denied through the same principle of universal conscription, but is, in fact, reinstated through regulations linking terms of service to educational levels. It is reinforced by the establishment of differentiated career paths for middle-class conscripts trained as career officers and rank-and-file...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 121107–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121007
Published: 01 March 2019
... Rienner . Cammett, Melani . 2004 . “ Challenges to Networks of Privilege in Morocco: Implications for Network Analysis. ” In Networks of Privilege in the Middle East , edited by Heydemann, S. , ch. 8. New York : Palgrave Macmillan . Cammett, Melani C . 2007 . Globalization and Business...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1213–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121001
Published: 01 March 2019
...Blanca Camps-Febrer; Guillem Farrés-Fernández Following the long trail of critique that emerged from first- and second-generation security sector reform (SSR) programs, this paper introduces a new theoretical framework for the socio-political analysis of the security sector that will enhance the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11463–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114004
Published: 04 December 2018
... neoliberalism. Efforts should continue to strengthen the private sector and increase its competitiveness, innovative powers, and sustainability with due attention paid to rational and balanced privatization which is positively biased in favor of the middle-class strata and the young generation. The foundations...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11441–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114003
Published: 04 December 2018
... by Alan Bryman and Robert G. Burgess , 47 – 66 . New York : Routledge . Ryan, Missy . 2010 . “ Imagining Iraq, Defining its Future. ” World Policy Journal 27 ( 1 ): 65 – 73 . Sadiki, Larbi , Heiko Wimmen , and Layla Al-Zubaidi , eds. 2013 . Democratic Transition in the Middle...