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liberalization

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 14551–571 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802390854
Published: 01 October 2008
... the Gulf tribalism political pluralism regime legitimacy democracy and the GCC political control corruption in the Arabian Gulf The Arabian Gulf: political pluralism and the dilemma of totalitarian bureaucracies a study in the liberalization of monopolistic policies Fathi al-Afifi Zagazig...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2010; 32138–147 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550911003729247
Published: 01 April 2010
...Mohammed Al-Ghanim Over the past decade, the states of the Arabian peninsula have taken strides to liberalize their political systems. They have convened elections for different types of representative bodies and have liberalized their economies more than ever before. Some countries have even...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13186–104 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.86
Published: 01 March 2020
... the current global economic order. Most importantly, new approaches to international aid cooperation and loans around the issue of conditionality can be anticipated. Bretton Woods institutions have used conditionality to press loan receivers to liberalize their economies in different ways, most...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92212–236 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1150569
Published: 01 April 2016
... used to explain Iraq's lacklustre economic performance: theories that highlight the negative effects of oil on economic outcomes as well as those that stress the importance of the, often formulaic, application of policies that advocate economic liberalization and marketization. This study posits that...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-291–109 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.00001A
Published: 01 March 2018
... contestation between Islamists and liberals but this may be misleading. Islamists are not united but they share an adherence to the establishment of a Muslim society and some form of a khilafa. However, non-Islamists may not easily be identified as “on current.” Indeed, the “current” includes an array of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 83351–362 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1052226
Published: 01 July 2015
...Jamil Hilal The 1967 occupied Palestinian territories have undergone three major types of development since the Oslo agreement between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and Israel was signed in 1993 and the Palestinian Authority was established in 1994. These developments have brought far...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1313–22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.3
Published: 01 March 2020
... states during the 1950s and 1960s, and from Palestinian capital after 1948. Meanwhile, the rising oil monarchies of the Arabian Peninsula relied on Lebanese banks as conduits for recycling oil money ( Gates 1998 ). After several Arab states instituted liberalizing policies, and Arab oil states began...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2011; 44484–500 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.621386
Published: 01 October 2011
... authoritarian retrenchment is in sharp contradiction to the enthusiasm and genuine hope for political change that had greeted the succession of Mohammed VI in 1999 and with the liberalizing policies he implemented, including ones that made Morocco a regional exception in terms of freedom of the press .2 During...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11463–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114004
Published: 04 December 2018
... encourage the development of sustainable competitive advantages. As for the indications and stages of the liberalization of the Gulf economy, it is possible to make some sort of a general description for these stages, which delineates them as historical eras. In this regard, four overlapping stages were...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 52252–278 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.671999
Published: 01 April 2012
... liberalization of trade in response to structural reforms demanded by international monetary institutions during the 1990s; what was effectively a vicious and disastrous civil war in the wake of the suspension of the 1992 elections; as well as globalization have all factored in reinforcing old forms of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 13375–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802163848
Published: 01 July 2008
... increased and heightened socio-economic crisis in Egypt, which the Egyptian government attempted to control by imposing increasingly authoritarian measures, with political de-liberalization evident in both urban and rural areas (Kienle 2001). This led, at the turn of the millennium, to a period of failed...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2011; 42148–173 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.546166
Published: 01 April 2011
... witnessed a revolution in the agricultural policies from intensive government intervention to complete liberalization. The results of the study prove that the gap diverged again from 1994 to 2005 after converging from 1981 to 1994. The study also proves that the gap is more apparent in the middle classes...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2010; 3121–37 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910903475729
Published: 01 January 2010
... women's activism and role within Hamas. First, Hamas propagates gendered worldviews and roles within the nationalist project as well as within the movement. Those outlooks intersect with historized notions of Arab–Muslim identity as well as with notions of liberation against foreign (Western) occupation...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94536–551 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1245386
Published: 01 October 2016
... be further analyzed. This study builds on the juxtaposition of the historical background of the AUB and the increase of veiled students on campus. It investigates what the veil means in a liberal Western institution like AUB. The two concepts sound contradictory for many people in Lebanon, who assume...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2009; 22292–303 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910902853983
Published: 01 April 2009
... doctrines: Keynesian and Monetarism. It also reasserts the long-term alternative strategy for the liberalization of the oil-hostage rentier economies. The given analysis is based on the experience of the oil-rentier countries, as well as the fiscal and monetary policies applied in the advanced economies...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13169–85 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.69
Published: 01 March 2020
... Mourad 2014 ) became key civilian and military figures after joining the National Liberation Front in 1961. With time, they were the ruling elite of the country. Former Prime Minister Belaid Abdessalam describes these collaborators as a product of French colonization, who were extremely charmed by France...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13123–45 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.23
Published: 01 March 2020
... charged with socialist ideals and staged by military personnel. Both countries have had rulers that espoused strong sentiments and ideologies of Arabism and supported the call to unite all Arab countries under the pan-Arab cause of liberating Palestine, and eventually the Arab world, from Israel and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103338–353 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1358956
Published: 01 July 2017
... Israeli occupation authority employs the two contingent devices of education and the economy in occupied Jerusalem as a base for counter-action in its desperate effort to hit the collective political consciousness that demands terminating occupation, liberation and self-determination. The occupation...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2008; 13445–463 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550910802164796
Published: 01 July 2008
...Louay Abdulbaki Despite the introduction of important liberalization measures, Egypt still suffers from serious democratic deficits. Mubarak's inconsistent political reforms, especially since the 2005 legislative elections, have raised many questions and revived the discussion on whether Egypt is...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12483–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.83
Published: 01 December 2019
... ): 143 – 57 . Hamid , Shadi. 2014 . Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Herbst , Jeffrey. 2001 . “ Political Liberalization in Africa after Ten Years .” Comparative Politics 16 ( 2 ): 357 – 75...