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legislation

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2018) 11 (4): 41–62.
Published: 04 December 2018
... reforms to the judicial, legislative, and executive governing powers. Women’s potential role in the emerging polity was enhanced by enactment of an electoral gender quota stipulating no less than twenty-five percent of seats in the Iraq parliament to be filled by women. This article presents research that...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 79–97.
Published: 28 August 2020
... . New York : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . Elmosadek , Rokia . 2006 . Electoral Integrity Turn. Characteristics in the Decline of Direct Legislative Election Management . Casablanca : New Success . [ in Arabic ] Halstead , John P. 1964 . “ The Changing Character of Moroccan...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 3–24.
Published: 28 August 2020
... participation, and reform programs, on the one hand, and the manifestation of corruption, impoverishment, and class inequality, on the other. In impossible tyranny, the ruler is guaranteed absolute power to control everything or most things without returning to the people or any legislative framework. This kind...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 25–50.
Published: 28 August 2020
... custody and divorce laws, and legal protection from sexual harassment. Women in the West also achieved gains in education, employment, political participation, and legislative representation. The demands of Arab women, however, while they do include similar demands, remain focused upon acquiring basic...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 98–122.
Published: 28 August 2020
... to close newspapers in the name of national security ( Lohner et al. 2016 ). Although Mubarak’s 30 years of rule witnessed few modifications to the restrictive legislation governing the media, yet in practice, however, there were significant changes. With the turmoil of 2011, an expanded search...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (3): 51–78.
Published: 28 August 2020
... and judges. The Consultative Council, which was established in 1991, is supposed to be the legislative branch. Yet, it has limited and symbolic authority. The king has the right to assign and dismiss its members, call whomever he wishes to the council meetings, and choose the topic of discussion...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 146–156.
Published: 16 June 2020
..., unity, and political independence of Lebanon, calling for the dismantling and the disarming of all Lebanese and foreign militias. The book has four chapters: the first elaborates on anticorruption obstacles in Arab countries, while the second affirms the need for the legislative authority to limit...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 121–137.
Published: 16 June 2020
... Constitutionalism.” Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 38 : 13 – 57 . Mattar , Mohamed Y . 2006 . “Unresolved Questions in the Bill of Rights of the New Iraqi Constitution: How Will the Clash between Human Rights and Islamic Law be Reconciled in Future Legislative Enactments and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (2): 8–26.
Published: 16 June 2020
... all” ( UNDP 2009 , vii). In order for this new social contract to materialize, the report declares, in its introduction, that legislative and administrative “measures” must be taken by the government in order to enable civil society organizations to participate as active partners in welfare and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2016) 9 (4): 523–535.
Published: 01 October 2016
..., they are deprived of their function and impact through superficial or highly restricted legislation. For more than five decades, academic researches and writings on the obstacles to transitioning to democracy have increased and multiplied; and various ideas and opinions on the subject have been...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (1): 46–68.
Published: 01 March 2020
... will remain limited, fragile, and subject to expediency, in addition to the politics of the moment or opportunism. Unless this is attempted through appropriate legislative and legal frameworks that address the legacy of the ex-regime, badly needed reconciliation, restorative transitional justice...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (1): 123–127.
Published: 01 March 2020
... of the laws related to their immigration or by legislating regulatory constitutions and enactments that responded to their demands. The Zionists were able to settle thousands of Jews in Palestine as their numbers increased to up to 80,000 settlers in 1908, which accounts for three times their...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (1): 69–85.
Published: 01 March 2020
... the French colonizers during that period, as a measure that has become an irreversible part of our contemporary State’s legislation.” 8 For Algeria, the colonial period had been the interface that would determine the pattern of bilateral relations between France and Algeria. However, both...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2020) 13 (1): 128–138.
Published: 01 March 2020
... harmonize their domestic legislation with their provisions without the pretext that there is no domestic national provision obliging them to implement them. The harmonization of national legislation with international conventions would also ensure the protection of human rights and freedoms. Accordingly...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2016) 9 (2): 163–186.
Published: 01 April 2016
... discusses the road to these recent parliamentary elections that began with the ‘Corrective Revolution’, ‘road map’ and constitution of 2013. General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's victory in the presidential elections of 2014 was followed by controversial legislation, unnatural political alliances, and a troubled...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 165–172.
Published: 01 December 2019
... argue that the legal norms of international law on which the international community relies are optional and far-reaching in comparison with the requirements of domestic national law. There is no supreme central authority with supra-state legislative power issuing orders to states to apply or ensure...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 156–164.
Published: 01 December 2019
... truth, the monopoly of interpretation and embodiment of the sacred, all within a dynamic social perspective rather than a normative or even a static legislative one! In other words, to view the religious establishment in its sociocultural environment and the dynamics and transformations it undergoes...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 61–82.
Published: 01 December 2019
... community driven by the necessities of development, and coping with the pressures of globalization. For decades, the women’s movement has realized that the deterioration of the social status of Moroccan women is due to multifaceted factors, the first and foremost being the absence of legislation and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 83–103.
Published: 01 December 2019
... facets of state and society dynamics. The organization played an observable legislative role especially by highlighting government violations of law and, in so doing, was introduced as a credible political actor. On the other hand, despite opposition, members were able to raise some political issues...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs (2019) 12 (4): 17–36.
Published: 01 December 2019
... of the royal institution over other constitutional institutions. That is due to the formational, legislative, and institutional powers as well as religious with which it has been granted. Moreover, the country’s entry into the comprehensive global system of human rights was bound by the principle of...