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historical-mass

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 53382–397 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.696785
Published: 01 July 2012
... Arabs; and the Arab Spring seems only to confirm the two trends as constituting the essential point of reference and departure for Arabs. Within this context and scope of analysis this article traces the emergence of a ‘historical mass’ for change that, coupled with an indelibly engrained link between...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 83363–378 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1049055
Published: 01 July 2015
... democracy. That is contingent on the role of the elites who are steering the transition, since they embody the popular will by granting the masses an opportunity to choose the political system that suits them. It is the elites' historical responsibility for leading this difficult stage in the history of a...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13169–85 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.69
Published: 01 March 2020
... undertaking was not exempt from ideological motivations: it was about preparing these women to become fully fledged French citizens and to extend their influence over the education, health, and media sectors. Over time, these women assumed leadership positions and led mass organizations, including the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13123–45 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.23
Published: 01 March 2020
... overwhelmed with the outpouring of victims of war, mass migration, and domestic challenges. In effect, these events have shed a light on the problem of maintaining these borders, as they have become critical zones that exist at the limits of state control and governing institutions. This research effort...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 131105–122 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.105
Published: 01 March 2020
... the original version of the European Neighborhood Policy mentioned threats such as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, global crime, fraud, pollution, and illegal immigration as equally important threats. In the revised version, illegal immigration seems to be at the top of its main concerns. The...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12437–60 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.37
Published: 01 December 2019
... minorities. It shapes their identities and constitutes their concept of self . If society demeans and misrecognizes a group or individual, it can cause low self-esteem and destroy their identities ( Taylor 1992 , 25–26). One of the sources of recognition is the mass media, which shapes the politics of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12461–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.61
Published: 01 December 2019
.... The “knot” of history mixed with social fragility and the psychological accumulations and generated among the rural population in a particular political context. This led to the estrangement of “masses” in different regions of the Moroccan kingdom (the unemployed, doctors, nurses, official and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1243–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.3
Published: 01 December 2019
... identities” can be created. Some countries in their conflict with other countries may resort to media policies based on rhetoric, narrative, and articles written by newspaper columnists that can eventually lead to the creation of a trumped-up identity to enable regimes to mobilize the masses behind them, or...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 124121–140 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.121
Published: 01 December 2019
..., such as rising prices, higher standards, desire for luxury, social emulation, inefficient government, high taxation, and, last but not least, the pressure of ever-multiplying masses of low-grade, incompetent humanity, acting like sand in the social gears and consuming an ever-larger portion of the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12417–36 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.17
Published: 01 December 2019
... which are the rights of the opposition. Chapter II of this amended constitutional text is dedicated to fundamental freedoms and rights, formerly mentioned in the previous constitution, or which are spelled out with clarity for the first time—including rights of the opposition, freedom of assembly, mass...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... causes and explanations, the Arab Spring 1 was long in the making. Among others, social, political, and economic issues contributed multifariously to what was already a grave situation prevailing throughout the MENA region that culminated in the form of popular mass uprisings ( Pollack 2011 , 2...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123127–136 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123008
Published: 03 September 2019
... goals in Egypt and the Arab region. Therefore, by dealing with Sadat alone, excluding the government institutions or the masses, it was possible to remove Egypt from the Arab–Israeli conflict and isolate it from other Arab issues, thus creating a rift in the unity of the Arab region. Israel had what it...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
... heritage of Arab socialism) ( Kadri 2016 ), the Arab world has been subjected to a sweeping invasion of the ideological field leading to a kind of collective and mass re-education of large sectors of the population. These campaigns have been effective as they targeted the economic basis/bearer of the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12225–52 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122002
Published: 02 June 2019
... autonomous forms of communication, communities and people must deal with the technology of mass media, as well as with the empires of image-producers that monopolise the codes, flows, and receivers, reinforcing the increasing impoverishment of inter-personal communication. [. . .] How could local communities...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12253–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122003
Published: 02 June 2019
... who reported using the mass media to stay updated with news and politics. It also coincides with the preachers’ declared tendency to integrate political current developments in their speeches. The political deliberations of preachers have been constant over time. In 1965, Borthwick studied Friday...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12155–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121004
Published: 01 March 2019
... the pro-Al Qae’da group of the al-Murābiṭūn , claiming that he was taking revenge for the mass killing by the army of pro-Morsi demonstrators. 12. Since 2013, the MB has claimed to have recruited many troops and junior officers 2. A total of 10.7 percent are employed in agriculture...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 121107–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121007
Published: 01 March 2019
... Moroccan current context, there are no pressing incentives to develop real structural reform within the security sector. Internally, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and social movements might be able to push and keep human rights on the agenda. Mass contestation such as the 20 February movement did...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12175–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121005
Published: 01 March 2019
... of mass destruction (WMD) program; and of sponsoring terrorism. These pressures generated domestic economic problems and national discontent. Moreover, the decrease in the demand for oil and gas and the ageing oil fields were hobbling the production of Libyan oil and, consequently, lowering revenues...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11419–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114002
Published: 04 December 2018
... time and engaging in mass prayer, as a means of protest. Importantly, they maintained a mass boycott against praying within the Al-Aqsa compound until restrictions had been lifted. This maximized the disruption by praying in the streets and alleys outside. Those who were injured or killed during...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1143–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114001
Published: 04 December 2018
... hotels, banks, and airlines. This deficit was even more clear when compared with the outstanding success of East Asian countries such as South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, and China. The Arabs’ revolts in the first months of 2011 were but a mass expression of social discontent and with regards to the wealth...