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general-government-fiscal-balance

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 101165–170 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1280261
Published: 01 January 2017
... estimates of current and capital expenditures along with figures on the functional classification of current expenditures. Overall surplus/deficit figures for Arab government budgets along with projections of the general government fiscal balance are shown in Table 10. CONTACT Gabi El-Khoury info...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1313–22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.3
Published: 01 March 2020
..., Riad Salameh became governor of the Central Bank. He had previously managed Hariri’s personal finance portfolio at Merrill Lynch in Paris. Consequently, monetary and fiscal policies were coordinated in regular meetings among the trio: Hariri, Siniura, and Salameh, and the three reached a consensus on...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11441–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114003
Published: 04 December 2018
... distribution of Iraq’s oil revenues, and all have expressed official opinions regarding the allocation of governmental budget funds. To date, however, most of these social services and budget initiatives remain under negotiation and are controversial, and are likely to require reductions in administrative...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1143–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114001
Published: 04 December 2018
... countries have been accumulating huge private capital since the 1960s, and most of the fiscal surplus was used to expand their influence in the Arab region and other Islamic countries. Most of these regimes stood against Arab nationalism and its modern approach to the cultural bond and language among Arabs...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11385–112 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113005
Published: 03 September 2018
... government,” “regulatory efficiency,” and “open markets.” Each element consists of composite sub-elements; the “rule of law” is measured by property rights and freedom from corruption; “government size” is gauged by the sub-elements of fiscal freedom and government spending; “regulatory efficiency” is...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11369–84 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113004
Published: 03 September 2018
... have been followed to this day ( African Development Bank 2012 ). Transparency must be a primary requirement in this endeavor to allow for a comprehensive reform of the fiscal system that will enable the affected areas to contribute to the development of the disadvantaged and poor areas in a way that...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1133–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113001
Published: 03 September 2018
... Al-Azmeh, A. , and E. Fokas . 2007 . Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity and Influence . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Alt, James E. , and Robert C. Lowry . 1994 . “ Divided Government, Fiscal Institutions, and Budget Deficits: Evidence from the States .” American Political...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-219–42 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.00001B
Published: 01 March 2018
..., politicians, economists, engineers, experts in agriculture and the environment, industry, tourism, trade, fiscal and banking affairs, IT, media and information specialists, historians, philosophers, sociologists, and gender and ethics advisors. Such a gathering should recall the “House of Wisdom” in Baghdad...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104482–509 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1343838
Published: 01 October 2017
... structure. The constitutional legislator was eager to establish a solid and pro- ductive balance between the royal institution and the government aimed at strengthening the strategic orientation of the royal institution while, conversely, expand- ing the sphere for the government s executive action...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102241–255 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1279387
Published: 01 April 2017
.... 2013. Partners Against Terror: Opportunities and Challenges for U.S.-Moroccan Counterterrorism Cooperation. CNA Institute for Public Research. 18 November. U.S. AID. 1997. Congressional Presentation: Summary Tables-Fiscal Year 1998. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. United Nations, 2014...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102256–285 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1302059
Published: 01 April 2017
... change is intended to connote an appropriate change in governance structure that successfully promotes economic growth (Libecap 1989). Of course, not all institutional changes lead to economic growth; unsuccessful change, for instance, in governance structure essentially precipitates the opposite of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94523–535 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1241531
Published: 01 October 2016
... and expenditures. Thus, all these Arab regimes had the right to be members of the Arab Organization for High Apparatuses of Fiscal Oversight and Accountability, even if most of these appara- tuses did not enjoy actual independence as a result of their subservience to the rulers of the respective...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92252–281 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1157985
Published: 01 April 2016
... in conspicuous displays of wealth. That is, differently stated, justice and equality in fiscal policies are difficult to achieve under the aegis of govern- ments that are not held accountable by their citizens (al-Yousef 2004). Squandering wealth and corruption When a unitary concept of citizenship...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 82212–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1017958
Published: 01 April 2015
... [a reference to the national econ- omic measures in 2009], Algeria has become more dependent on the hydrocar- bons sector. . The Algerian government pursued an expansionary public spending programme to guard against the case of social discontent while making little effort to improve its fiscal...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 8181–95 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.976405
Published: 01 January 2015
.... Kawamura reforms in these 10 areas to stimulate long-term economic growth in the recipient countries by reducing the state s role and incentivizing the participation of the private sector. As governments have raised taxes and cut government expenditure to maintain fiscal discipline, they have also...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 8165–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.976404
Published: 01 January 2015
... organizations supporting Egyptian civil society from US$32 million to US$7 million, and the latter amount went only to those non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that generally enjoyed the approval of the Egyptian government (McInerney 2010). Facing a new regional context, Obama remained doubtful about whether...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 71138–148 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.864842
Published: 01 January 2014
..., Saad A., Brian F. Towler, and Jennifer L. Miskimins. 2013. Modifying the Libyan Fiscal Regime to Optimise its Oil Reserves and Attract More Foreign Capital Part 1: LEPSA I Proposal. OPEC Energy Review 37 (2), 220 246. Bennett, Michael S., and Zamir Iqbal. 2013. How Socially Responsible Investing Can...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 62281–287 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.782195
Published: 01 April 2013
... the effect of government fiscal policy on the imbalanced payments of contemporary economies. The book emphasizes the link between the budget deficit and the deficit in the current account on one side and oil revenues on the other; it also notes the inverse relationship between these two deficits and...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 5127–53 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.645665
Published: 01 January 2012
... emphasized the importance of constitutional- ism from the moment of independence and during their participation in the first post- independence governments of IP leader Ah mad Balafrej and that of UNFP leader Abdullah Ibrahim. However, with the support of the Moroccan Federation of Labour, headed by al-Mah...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2012; 5186–106 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.647417
Published: 01 January 2012
... expenses for the current mega- infrastructure and its maintenance, which amount to an estimated QR50 billion annually or about one-third of the public budget. The QNDS states without substantiation that the government s fiscal position is expected to remain strong and will certainly be adequate to...