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fertility-rate

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92340–345 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1156300
Published: 01 April 2016
... demographic challenges facing the Arab countries, resulting from age–structural transitions that affect the process of development, in both the short- and long-terms. The report assumes that the Arab countries are undergoing a shift from high to low rates of mortality and fertility; as a result, some...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123127–136 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123008
Published: 03 September 2019
... factor or natural resources and wealth can also affect the process of democratization. Some ethnic groups, for instance, may seek to monopolize the resources in their own regions, and refuse sharing with other ethnic groups, leading to civil war. Likewise, increasing poverty rates lead to the failure of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11369–84 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113004
Published: 03 September 2018
.... This cooperative experience had the greatest impact on the increase in migration to the towns and the capital city, mainly during the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s, causing record high demographic growth rates in these urban spaces. This led the ruling authority to carry out several studies...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11385–112 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113005
Published: 03 September 2018
... growth rates in these Arab countries and sometimes leads to declining growth rates ( Balaam and Dillman 2011 ). Therefore, in this article the NPM and PG are considered to be similar or at least complementary. This is because they employ the same tools and share the same beliefs about market...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2167–188 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000010
Published: 01 March 2018
... traditional tribal dispute. Disputes and conflicts erupt in traditional tribal-based societies from time to time due to overgrazing or tribal reprisal, but they are usually limited and contained by tribal customs. Since the rates of conflict, the casualties, and the magnitude of losses have increased over a...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104482–509 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1343838
Published: 01 October 2017
... March 2011; (2) the rec- ommendations of the Justice and Reconciliation Commission; (3) the contents of the review framework by the Advisory Committee for Regionalization (Al-Din 2015, 170); and (4) the memoranda of the political parties, trade unions and civil society organizations that offered fertile...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104537–560 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1402482
Published: 01 October 2017
... indication that democracy issues are, to a large extent, due to culture rather than to human nature. The rising of dissatisfied autocrats in many Arab capitals is also noted. Table 1 provides com- parable data. With the exception of Manama, Arab capitals have recorded high rates of political dis...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94622–628 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1244957
Published: 01 October 2016
... devel- opments in civil service institutions within them. This is in addition to developments con- nected to the Arab economies with regard to their structures as well as their average growth rates with reference to the economic and human costs of current conflicts and wars along with increased military...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94511–522 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1238612
Published: 01 October 2016
... the United Arab Emirates. A positive development, though, did take place due to the expansion of the building and construction sectors, iron and steel, and fertilizer industries. Consequentially, the share of manufacturing industries to the Arab gross production rose from 9.2%, with a growth rate of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 93347–350 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1201962
Published: 01 July 2016
... revolution) to interfere in politics and intervene in government decision-making. This arrangement led to what became an ice-ball growing bigger over time, resulting in an alarming rate of financial corruption in which two interdependent economies sprung into existence and overshadowed the real economy of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92252–281 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1157985
Published: 01 April 2016
...- cipitated the appearance of an increasing income gap between the wealthy and poor emi- rates (Heard-Bey 1999). As for the political rights of the citizens, they were virtually non- existent in this Constitution because the National Congress (al-majlis al-watani), which was supposed to be an expression of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 9182–99 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1124519
Published: 01 January 2016
... reach the level of necessary investment, or the required growth rate (Akramov 2006). Yet, despite the importance of the PIP of the foreign aid, most of these studies are still theoretical and lack experimental evidence that support arguments put forward with regard to it. This section contains a review...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 82198–211 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1016764
Published: 01 April 2015
... needs of the population and contributed approximately 13% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2009/10. Despite the importance of agriculture, however, its share of investment was decreasing at a growing rate, as shown in Table 1. Regarding the distribution of ownership, it is clear from Table 2 that...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 8122–38 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.976403
Published: 01 January 2015
... rich in oil resources and phosphates but also possesses large areas of fertile land and water resources (Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia). Rates of annual growth depend largely on external variables The rates of growth in Arab economies are largely connected to external...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 73380–397 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.932110
Published: 01 July 2014
... current prices, and economic growth rates dropped from US$1.9 billion in 2011 to US$1.1 billion in 2012. These low rates are out of step with popu- lation growth rates, which currently stand at 2.4% per year, given that the national product rate of growth should be three times that of the population...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 72246–262 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.917884
Published: 01 April 2014
..., political and social dimensions. We can under- stand sectoral and individual class mobility based on collective mobility s ascending and descending tracks. The lower the rate of collective mobility, the higher sectoral mobility becomes and individual mobility takes the form of leap- frogging. Conversely...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2014; 72225–245 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2014.918320
Published: 01 April 2014
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 61120–125 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.763540
Published: 01 January 2013
... rejection of Palestinian demands for a return to the talks, for a freeze on the settlement movement and acceptance of the 1967 borders as a reference point for negotiations about the promised Palestine state. The report suggests that given population growth rates currently recorded in occu- pied Palestine...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 6182–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2012.748579
Published: 01 January 2013
... Arab world have not changed and the status of women has not improved to the level required, despite government boasting about the quantitative indicators showing higher literacy and education rates, decreasing fertility levels and improved quality of reproductive health, all of which pale in comparison...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2013; 6141–70 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2013.763606
Published: 01 January 2013
... country, as well as other indicators, such as an illiteracy and partial illit- eracy rate of 76%, based on 2004 census figures. This total includes 45% illiterates, and 31.5% having only minimal reading and writing ability. The same census also showed that only 12% of the population had completed their...