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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 101165–170 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1280261
Published: 01 January 2017
... and tax revenues, including estimates of these revenues as a percentage of total public revenues. Tables 6 and 7 provide statements on government expenditures, including estimates of government expenditures as a percentage of GDP, while Tables 8 and 9 deal with the structure of expenditures, showing...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2011; 43415–423 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.592403
Published: 01 July 2011
... expenditure on education. Ranking of Arab research institutions is shown in Table 5, while Table 6 indicates the ranking of Arab countries in the Assimilation of Technology Index. Tables 7 provides statements on the numbers of reserchers in some Arab countries, while Table 8 presents statements on gross...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1328–26 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.8
Published: 16 June 2020
...-sector expenditures, in particular through public employment and subsidies. 1986–90: this period was characterized by Egypt’s failure to deal with the economic crisis brought about by the crash of oil prices and the challenges posed by the changing world economic structure. The economic slowdown of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1323–7 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.2.3
Published: 16 June 2020
... 0.04% for Bahrain, while it reaches 3.16% in Sweden, 2.74% in the United States, 2.10% in China, and 1.18% in Russia ( United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 2015) . On the other hand, military expenditures deplete development resources in the region, including those...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 1313–22 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.3
Published: 01 March 2020
...: reconstruction and debt management. He hired new technocrats, such as Bassil Fulayhan and Nadim al-Munla, Muhammad Shatah, and Jamal Itani (who eventually became CDR President). Hariri pushed a privatization program, a regressive value added tax, and a plan to reduce government expenditures. However, when he...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2011; 42148–173 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2011.546166
Published: 01 April 2011
... one. The objective of this study is to fill the gap in the literature on this topic and to appraise the development in the gap – in nominal and real terms – both on the aggregate per capita rural and urban income levels and in different expenditure size classes from 1981 till 2005, a period which...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12175–90 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121005
Published: 01 March 2019
....html Arab Center for Research & Policy Studies (ACRPS) . 2015 . Azmat Al-Hiwar Al-Libi fi Muswaddat Al-Litifaq Al-Khamis . Policy Analysis Unit, Brief Policy, July. Doha : ACRPS . Arms Control and Disarmament Agency . 1988 . World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers 1988...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 82181–197 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1016765
Published: 01 April 2015
... 2015 distribution policies economic Arab countries investment expenditure rate Indicators of imbalance in the distribution policies in some Arab countries Hakim Mohsin Al-Rubaie* Faculty of Administration and Economy, University of Kufa, Kufa, Najaf, Iraq Politics and economics are...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11463–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114004
Published: 04 December 2018
... countries have succeeded in bringing liberalism and socialist economies together by forging a third path based on balanced government intervention that guarantees comprehensive social welfare (large government expenditure), effectively fighting poverty and unemployment from a social perspective (and not...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113169–174 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113010
Published: 03 September 2018
... public. He also addresses the path of neoliberalism that sought to overthrow the “Keynesian theory,” which advocates increased government expenditure and lower taxes to pull the economy out of recession. Elaborating on the problems of diversification programs in rentier Gulf countries, the author...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 1133–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113001
Published: 03 September 2018
... is no clear pattern to the role of political parties with regard to the amount of state government expenditures. It is plausible to assume that, because higher education competes directly with other policy areas favored by Democrats (K-12 education, welfare, and healthcare), Republicans may be more...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 113135–154 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113007
Published: 03 September 2018
... ). Through its strategic relations with the UK post-Brexit, the UAE will be able to contain Iran’s ambitions and respond to a wide range of geopolitical threats and dangers. The UAE’s military expenditure in 2016 amounted to US$23.5 billion, and its spending is expected to reach US$31.8 billion by 2021...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-219–42 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.00001B
Published: 01 March 2018
... insecure worldwide ( Mutschler 2017 , 8). Military expenditures have not translated to security. Considering the building blocks of Arab political reason ( al-ʿaql al-siyāsī al-ʿarabī ), al-Jabri defined three systems, which have been established during the Documentation Era and are still valid in the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104482–509 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1343838
Published: 01 October 2017
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104522–536 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1399640
Published: 01 October 2017
... resources invested in military expenditure, the Arabian Gulf region is more prosperous, better educated and far more developed than it was 40 years ago. Political exceptionalism One of the most important features of UAE exceptionalism is related to its political iden- tity, which has produced political...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103471–480 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1350369
Published: 01 July 2017
...: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2016), table 6, pp. 218 219; League of Arab States, General Secretary et al. (2016), annex 2/7, p. 415. CONTEMPORARY ARAB AFFAIRS 475 Table 5. Education and illiteracy. Countries Gross enrolment ratio, 2010 15 Public expenditures on education as a percentage...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102256–285 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1302059
Published: 01 April 2017
... economy matter. For its part, the Iraqi government managed these relatively well in the 1970s and 1980s (Jiyad, personal communication, 26 August 2016). However, it is quite clear that the burden of the increasing military expenditures in local and foreign currencies decreased the ability of the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102241–255 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1279387
Published: 01 April 2017
... the ter- ritory in 1991 (Zoubir and Zunes 1999). Consequently, Morocco has spent only US$690 million on its military expenditure throughout the following five years from that agreement. However, Morocco has rebounded as an important ally. The first reason for this was Morocco s support for the Gulf...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 102286–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1244902
Published: 01 April 2017
... contribution to Qatar s economy, because they employ many expatriate workers, and Qatari contractors and suppliers have limited invol- vement in maintenance. Thus the facilities do not have any impact in terms of savings on defence expenditure. Qatar s Al-Udeid airbase served as a logistics hub for Operation...