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class-formations

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 10151–92 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1281552
Published: 01 January 2017
... led by Gamal Abdel Nasser and the events of 2011, it traces the developments and changing political and strategic trajectories of the three presidents Nasser, Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak. The case of Egypt is examined here as ‘an instance of a class of events’ focusing on phenomena related to the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2020; 13169–85 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.1.69
Published: 01 March 2020
... an elite class of leaders and officers who carried out agendas that did not always match Algeria’s. Algeria’s fragile structure allowed the French to exert a strong influence on it and to re-implement the pattern that has long defined the relations between both sides. This heavy legacy weighs to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12437–60 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.37
Published: 01 December 2019
... recognition through the blackout of North Sinai in news programs. Zachovà (2016 ) concluded that Bedouins suffer from economic and political inequalities, ethnicity-motivated accusations of treason, and double-dealing, leaving them feeling like voiceless, marginalized, second-class citizens. Other...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1243–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.3
Published: 01 December 2019
... ). Identity also consists of other various elements, some of which are historical, geographical, regional, ethnic, and based on class and profession. As pointed out above, these elements can overlap others, forming circles that may be shared with individuals from other societies. These may be ethnic...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12483–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.83
Published: 01 December 2019
... appear to constitute a direct threat to the regime’s existence, its status gave it the push to act both as a main opposition group and also to develop grassroots ties with the population. By providing charitable services to the poor and middle classes, the organizations ran or funded by the MB succeeded...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123127–136 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123008
Published: 03 September 2019
... democratic transition. On the other hand, economic development including high levels of education and urbanization and an increase in the size of the middle class might ease the process of democratization. The impact of the social factor on the process of democratization is also debatable. Some believe...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12341–64 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123003
Published: 03 September 2019
... transformation of a society’s state and class structures; and revolutions are accompanied, and in part carried out, by class-based revolts from below. The analysis of Goldstone about revolution also connotes a major transformation in the political institutions through mass mobilization, both formal and informal...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 123119–126 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123007
Published: 03 September 2019
... within one family is to educate the sons of the elders and acquaint them with the new ideological currents in the region and openness to the Palestinian and Arab cities. As a result of the conflict with colonialism, the family-class struggle or the transformation of the conflict into a soft and hidden...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12365–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123004
Published: 03 September 2019
... political system with legitimacy. The more political participation is expanded to cover the diverse political spectrum and social classes, the more democratic the system would be. Conversely, the less political participation, the further the gap will widen between the state and the social forces until an...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12399–118 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.123006
Published: 03 September 2019
... interest in investing in the banking and service sectors. This development is driven by the fact that the return on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Africa is higher compared with other countries in the developing world, in addition to the growing purchasing power of the middle class which would increase...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
... conditions inform the formation of a particular social group as radical (or revolutionary), which might be different from the classical Marxism vision (not a working class), the basic concepts of theory must, therefore, be reconsidered. We should not shy away from rethinking the model, or even abandoning any...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 12253–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122003
Published: 02 June 2019
... demonstrates that discursive formations of sermons are in close relationship with power structures. Max Weber considers the sociology of religion as a dimension of the sociology of power. Theorists have long sought to classify and understand the abstract processes inherent in the legitimization of power, or...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122105–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122005
Published: 02 June 2019
... twice as large as the present population without Israeli demographic policies. This geo-demographic policy pushed the middle and upper-class population to leave Jerusalem and migrate to Ramallah or abroad, along with their economic and administrative institutions, thereby contributing to the weakening...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1213–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121001
Published: 01 March 2019
... homogeneity (or heterogeneity) of the elites, closely related to their (geographic, ethnic, class) origin, is also an aspect that can facilitate alliances and the exclusion of the rest of the actors who are not part of the distinguished group. In contrast, the population component that can be found inside...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11483–110 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114005
Published: 04 December 2018
... administrative staff at all hawza s are graduates or advanced students). 14. The books used to teach Arabic grammar are mostly those written by scholars belonging to the Sunni denomination. During one of the classes attended at the hawza , the professor stated that knowledge is to be sought-after...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11463–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114004
Published: 04 December 2018
... formation of an apparently professional middle class. The partially implicit Arab Gulf liberalism became apparent during the initial stages of the application of the economic and developmental plans and programs. When the contents of these plans and programs are considered, evidence shows that they...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11441–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114003
Published: 04 December 2018
... ). Establishing the foundations of democracy depended upon transcending class and gender differences in public policy processes ( Mehdi 2012 ). The laws of governance established by the CPA and carried over into the 2005 constitution focused primarily on establishing freedoms from authoritarianism, failing to...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11347–68 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113003
Published: 03 September 2018
... . Kagitcibasi, C. 2005 . “ Autonomy and Relatedness in Cultural Context: Implications for Self and Family. ” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 36 ( 4 ): 403 – 22 . Kohn, M. 1977 . Class and Conformity: A Study in Values . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . ——— , and M. K...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2189–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000012
Published: 01 March 2018
... of conspicuous consumption under the authoritarian racist occupation. 21 • One of the illusions that continues to be heavily promoted by Palestinian, Arab, and international political classes holds that the establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state on the borders of...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2279–295 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000016
Published: 01 March 2018
... scientists quoted him, unanimously acknowledged his superiority, and would turn to him when they were stuck on a scientific question. The two manuscripts make it clear that ibn Sahl was a first-class engineer. He not only elaborated theoretical rules but also laid out designs for manufacturing “fire machines...