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class-consciousness

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Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1243–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.3
Published: 01 December 2019
... ). Identity also consists of other various elements, some of which are historical, geographical, regional, ethnic, and based on class and profession. As pointed out above, these elements can overlap others, forming circles that may be shared with individuals from other societies. These may be ethnic...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1223–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122001
Published: 02 June 2019
..., which can easily be measured empirically, has had disastrous cultural and ideological implications for the Arab world after 2010. Undermining the socialist foundations of Arab unity led to a disastrous ideological implication. The rise of identity politics and sectoral consciousness undermined class...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 122105–138 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.122005
Published: 02 June 2019
... twice as large as the present population without Israeli demographic policies. This geo-demographic policy pushed the middle and upper-class population to leave Jerusalem and migrate to Ramallah or abroad, along with their economic and administrative institutions, thereby contributing to the weakening...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 121107–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121007
Published: 01 March 2019
.... First, the basis of the military was “arabized” in order to counter the traditionally Amazig composite ( Zartman 1987 ). The promotion of Islamism within its ranks was also meant to counter secularist, and class consciousness, partly responsible for the involvement of some officials in the coups ( Saaf...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2019; 1213–18 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.121001
Published: 01 March 2019
... homogeneity (or heterogeneity) of the elites, closely related to their (geographic, ethnic, class) origin, is also an aspect that can facilitate alliances and the exclusion of the rest of the actors who are not part of the distinguished group. In contrast, the population component that can be found inside...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 114135–158 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.114007
Published: 04 December 2018
... been essentially fragmenting and threatened by what Huntingdon called “the rise of multiculturalism, and racial, ethnic, and gender consciousness” (13) or what he called “the Americano Dream.” He believes that Anglo-Protestant culture (and its religiosity) cannot prevail with the Spanish-speaking...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 11347–68 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.113003
Published: 03 September 2018
... . Kagitcibasi, C. 2005 . “ Autonomy and Relatedness in Cultural Context: Implications for Self and Family. ” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 36 ( 4 ): 403 – 22 . Kohn, M. 1977 . Class and Conformity: A Study in Values . Chicago : University of Chicago Press . ——— , and M. K...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-243–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000004
Published: 01 March 2018
... the ‘family’ of the resistance, and carrying out missions for the resistance that tested their courage and resourcefulness” (6). Resorting to oral narratives, in this context, would enrich any in-class discussion of the role of women in the decolonization of the Arab world. These stories transcend...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2139–165 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000009
Published: 01 March 2018
... the political facts demonstrate, the political elites are the most susceptible political class to political, financial, and administrative corruption in any country. The political elite, by virtue of their political cultural development, their advanced knowledge of the “conditions of political game...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2018; 111-2307–318 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2018.000019
Published: 01 March 2018
... “transition” to liberal democratic models in several Arab countries can be partially referred to the failure of the newly political class that took power to reconcile the conflicting trends of heritage with those of modernity. As a matter of fact, though one can hardly ignore such a conflict between the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104537–560 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1402482
Published: 01 October 2017
... scored the lowest rate on this variable (F = 16.77; p < 0.001). On the other hand, they classify themselves, on the scale of class status, among the working classes. These results are largely in line with the studies of the relationship between authoritarian orientation and social and economic variables...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 104482–509 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1343838
Published: 01 October 2017
... from political and trade union bodies. Hence, the political class participated in formulating and crystal- lizing the new constitutional text. By initiating this participatory approach, the number of political parties and trade unions that had been consulted reached around 100, while 185 constitutional...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103338–353 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1358956
Published: 01 July 2017
... 1, 1981, was conditional upon confining the teaching of the Jordanian West Bank curriculum in addition to the Hebrew language, to the official elementary stage, according to specified class hours. In order to teach the said curriculum, the occupying authority also stipulated teaching the Hebrew...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 103408–425 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1358957
Published: 01 July 2017
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2017; 10151–92 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2017.1281552
Published: 01 January 2017
... led by Gamal Abdel Nasser and the events of 2011, it traces the developments and changing political and strategic trajectories of the three presidents Nasser, Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak. The case of Egypt is examined here as ‘an instance of a class of events’ focusing on phenomena related to the...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 94523–535 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1241531
Published: 01 October 2016
... Lebanon, Palestine and Iraq, these are classed as hybrid regimes , where democracy is mixed with authoritar- ianism. The remainder of Arab countries are classified under the rubric of authoritarian states . The Polity Data Series indicator7 categorizes systems of government according to three types...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 93351–364 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1193973
Published: 01 July 2016
... participate in any political activities and did not want political action. Therefore, it was understood that they did not pose a threat to the political system in the way the Muslim Brotherhood did, as some families believed. This raises questions about the type of social classes that the Islamist groups...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92314–319 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1153844
Published: 01 April 2016
... elections is represented by the refusal of the rebels to surrender their weapons to a new political class that has not completely earned their trust. Hall al-niza at fi al-tarbiyyah al- arabiyyah [Conflict resolution in Arab education], by Yazid Issa al-Shawrati, Beirut, Centre for Arab Unity Studies (CAUS...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2016; 92252–281 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2016.1157985
Published: 01 April 2016
... when the role of the merchants and the tribal sheikhs were the most important, when the ruling family depended on the merchant class and others among the sons of society and consulted with them in all matters because they relied on these strata, not only for revenues, but also for security and their...
Journal Articles
Contemporary Arab Affairs. 2015; 84488–504 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550912.2015.1090100
Published: 01 October 2015
... became increasingly inclusive, actively inte- grating poor and working-class women into a movement that had previously centred on the needs of the middle and upper classes. Moreover, because of this long history of activism, which grew under Israeli occu- pation, the Women s Movement developed parallel...