This article discusses the longstanding and recent intentions of the United States to include Iraq into its spheres of influence. The American occupation of Iraq in 2003, however, not only changed the regime but also led to the destruction of the whole country. A most regrettable outcome of the US occupation of the country was the instigation of sectarian and ethnical differences, as well as the prolonged and continuing struggle between the centre and the peripheries. More harmful was the embodiment of all these negative and divisive phenomena into the permanent constitution of the country. In the final analysis, there have been many unsuccessful initiatives to solve the Iraqi dilemma throughout the last 13 years since the occupation. This article examines these initiatives in detail.

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