This paper reviews how the civilizational discourse of Islam differs from that of democracy but doesn't necessarily mean that it contradicts it. Knowing that this juxtaposition promotes diversity and distinction, this paper elucidates the factors of ambiguity that surround this religion and system in order to uncover the real dimension of their distinction. The paper is organized as follows: first, it presents seven characteristics of the Islamic state. Next, it discusses the importance of consultation (al‐shūrā) and the necessity of questioning the rulers in Islam. Third, the article answers the question “Where does democracy correspond to Islam and where does it differ?”. Several prominent opinions are examined in the fourth part, before displaying the main positions from the 1980s, vis‐à‐vis democracy, in part five. Part six exhibits the fatwas of al‐Qaradawi. At the end of the article, the paper emphasizes the approaches that can be taken towards Islamic ruling (sharīʿah).

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