For many decades, Egypt has been considered a distinctive society in which individuals from different nations with different backgrounds and ideologies can live. However, it seems that the Egyptian political, social, and media landscape has witnessed considerable shifts in the dimensions of such diversity. This study examines the contemporary Egyptian perspective on the presence of foreign correspondents and the radical change in Egypt’s regulations toward their work, and moreover, the repercussions of such policies that might be affecting the safety, level of freedom, and sometimes the whole identity of foreign correspondents in Egypt. Moreover, it examines the tactics with which the government seeks to accentuate the discourses of “Othering” in Egyptian public perceptions via whipping up hype in the media. Undoubtedly, the events experienced by Egypt between 25 January 2011 and the present have changed the idea the state and society have of foreigners, in general, and foreign correspondents, in particular. Some indicators confirmed that a state of “xenophobia” has been escalating over the past nine years. Foreign correspondents and journalists have been among the groups harmed by this sentiment, to the detriment of their working conditions. Results show that the transitional period that followed Hosni Mubarak’s toppling in 2011 until today has witnessed many transformations in the handling of foreign correspondents’ work in Egypt. There have been attacks on and expulsions of journalists from Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera, The Associated Press, the BBC, CBS, CNN, Danish television, and others.
Foreign Correspondents between the Hammer and the Anvil: The Case of Egypt during Political Transitions
Alamira Samah Saleh is an Associate Professor in the RTV Department, Faculty of Mass Communication, Cairo University, Egypt; and Acting Dean in the Faculty of Mass Communication, Sinai University, Egypt. Emails: Samahsaleh2002@cu.edu.eg; Samah.firstname.lastname@example.org
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Alamira Samah Saleh; Foreign Correspondents between the Hammer and the Anvil: The Case of Egypt during Political Transitions. Contemporary Arab Affairs 28 August 2020; 13 (3): 98–122. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2020.13.3.98
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