This article draws on the experience gained and the lessons learned during and after the Arab Spring protest movements that called for economic, social, and political change. It raises the issue of the role Moroccan women played in these movements. In attempting to address this issue, the article relies essentially on bibliographical information and data derived from studies and writings that dealt with the feminist struggle in Morocco as a whole. It suffers from the lack of openness to a sociological approach or a political viewpoint in Arab and foreign scientific productions concerned with the struggles of women in Arab or Maghreb countries. In parallel, the study uses ethnographic research discerningly, since accurate and sufficient information available on the local protest movements has not received the necessary follow-up and definition. The article first monitors the shift in the dynamics of women’s protests and focuses on the persistent manifestations within them; it also considers the motives that contribute to the growth of this dynamic while stressing the extent of women’s participation in the February 20 Movement and in rural areas. It then identifies the results and extensions of this participation in relation to the requirements of empowerment. Finally, it discusses the problem of development and democracy that prevent women from achieving the desired change in the short term.
Mobilization of Moroccan Women: The Dialectics of Conflict and Empowerment
Al Habib Estati Zeineldin, a Moroccan researcher, holds a Ph.D. in Public Law and Political Science from the Faculty of Legal, Economic and Social Sciences at Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech, Morocco. He is a lecturer in constitutional law and political science at the University of Abdelmalek Essaâdi, Tétouan, Morocco. Email: email@example.com
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Al Habib Estati Zeineldin, Saeed Chekak; Mobilization of Moroccan Women: The Dialectics of Conflict and Empowerment. Contemporary Arab Affairs 1 December 2019; 12 (4): 61–82. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/caa.2019.12.4.61
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