Religion not only has survived the modern world but also continues to thrive. In the secularization paradigm, modernity has been seen as bringing about the decline of religion (20), but this has faced many challenges when accounting for empirical religious resurgence and reconceptualizing its internal premises. Social scientists became divided into two camps: those who refuse the paradigm and those who partially retain it. Peter Berger (1929–2017), a prominent sociologist of religion and knowledge, and once a proponent of the secularization paradigm, strived to renounce its basis in his The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics (1999).

This endeavor has made a further step in Berger’s latest...

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