[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
P. Walcott, "Odysseus and the Art of Lying," AS 8 (1977) 1-19
S. Murnaghan, Disguise and Recognition in the Odyssey (Princeton, 1987)
C. H. Whitman, Aristophanes and the Comic Hero (Cambridge, Mass., 1964), esp. 21-58, 281-93.
2
L. Camerer, "Praktische Klugheit bei Herodot" (diss. Tübingen, 1965)
W. G. Forrest, "Motivation in Herodotus: The Case of the Ionian Revolt," International History Review 1 (1979) 312-13
3
Forrest (above, n. 2: 311-22)
Darius's affection (6.30; cf. 3.85-7, 89.3).
4
R. Munson, "Artemisia in Herodotus," ClAnt 7 (1988) 91-106
C. Dewald, "Women and Culture in Herodotus' Histories," WS 8 (1981) 92-127.
5
M. Detienne and J.-P. Vernant, Les ruses de l'intelligence (Paris, 1974) 283.
7
Etearchus, 4.154.4
Ariston, 6.62.2
Amestris, 9.109.2, with 110-11
C. Froidefond, Le mirage égyptien (Aix, 1971) 115-207
J. Winkler, Actor & Auctor (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1985) 306-19.
11
Detlev Fehling, Herodotus and His "Sources," 2d ed., tr. J. Howie (Leeds, 1989)
12
W. Aly, Volksmärchen, Sage und Novelle in Herodot und seine Zeitgenossen (Göttingen, 1921) 239
A. Piatkowski, "Le sourire ironique d'Hérodote," StudClas 10 (1968) 51-62.
Etearchus's and Ariston's: 4.154, 6.62
14
M. P. Nilsson, Cults, Myths, Oracles, and Politics in Ancient Greece (1951; repr. New York, 1972) 49-50, 131
W. R. Connor, "Tribes, Festivals and Processions; Civic Ceremonial and Political Manipulation in Archaic Greece," JHS 107 (1987) 43-46.
J. Stern, "Demythologization in Herodo- tus: 5.92η," Eranos 87 (1989) 13-20
15
Hdt. 1.60, 4.36, 2.122, 4.95, 7.6, 5.63, 6.123.2, 8.27, 9.95.
OT 380ff., 851-58
Rep. 2.363c-365a, citing Il. 9.497-501
Theophr. Char. 16, "The Superstitious Man"
Dem. De Cor. 258-59.
16
Hdt. 6.66, 5.63.1.
Plataea: 9.33.5, 38.1.
Aristophanes or Plato, or Paus. 1.34.3.
Hdt. 7.142.3
17
Hdt. 7.6.3-7, 7.5.1, 7.7.
18
K. Meuli, "Scythica," Hermes 70 (1935) 121-40
R. Carpenter, Folktale, Fiction and Saga in the Homeric Epics (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1946) 112-32
E. R. Dodds, The Greeks and the Irrational (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1951) 140-44, with nn.
W. Burkert, [Unrepresented Characters]: Zum griechischen Schamanismus," RhM 105 (1962) 36-55
Mircea Eliade, Zalmoxis: The Vanishing God, tr. W. R. Trask (Chicago, 1972), 21-75, with reservations 41-43
J. F. Kindstrand, Anacharsis (Uppsala, 1981) 17-19.
19
Dodds (above, n. 18) 161 n. 32
Kindstrand (above, n. 18) 22.
20
Jacoby, FGrHist 34-35, and Addenda pp. 13-15
Nachträge zum Kommentar 1A (Leiden, 1957) 551-55
J. D. P. Bolton, Aristeas of Proconnesus (Oxford, 1962) 64 et passim
W. K. C. Guthrie, The Greeks and Their Gods (Boston, 1950) 193-200.
Hecataeus: Jacoby, FGrHist 1 F 194-95, commentary.
21
D. Lateiner, The Historical Method of Herodotus (Toronto, 1989) 76-90
FGrHist 115 F 392
22
K. von Fritz, Die griechische Geschichtsschreibung 1.2 (Berlin, 1967), Notes, p. 21
Jacoby, Nachträge [above, n. 20] 553
23
Delphi, J. R. Mertens, Attic White-Ground (New York, 1977) 181.64, also 184-85
24
Jacoby, FGrHist 35 T 1a [Addenda]
HN 7.174
Dionysius's day: FGrHist 35 T 2
Jacoby, Nachträge [above, n. 20] 552
L. Bieler, [Unrepresented Characters] ANHP (Vienna, 1935-36) 1.89, 93-95
von Fritz (above, n. 22) 1.2.17 n. 52.
25
Aly [above, n. 12] 1ff.
J. Barnes, "Egypt and the Greek Romance," Akten 8. Kongress für Papyrologie, Mitteilungen aus der Papyrussammlung der Oesterreich. Nationalbibliothek 5 [1956] 29- 36
G. Schmeling, Chariton [Boston, 1974] 51-56
The Ancient Romances [Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1967] 37-39, 66-72, 340 n. 18
Petr. 62, Apul. Met. 1.9
Heliod. Aeth. 9.2, Iamb. Babyl. in Phot. Bibl. 94
Plin. HN 7.16
Apul. Met. 2.28- 30[?], 11 passim
Heliod. Aeth. 2.33
Apul. Met. 10.2-12
Philostr. VA 3.41
Apul. Met. 10.11-12, Xen. Eph. Ephesiaka 3.5.11
Philost. VA 6.39
H. S. Versnel, "Polycrates and His Ring," Studi Storico-Religiosi 1 (1977) 17-46, esp. 35
Aly (above, n. 12) 90-91, 229.
Philostr. VA 4.10
Luc. Peregr. 40
Apul. Met. 3.21, 24-25
beaver, 1.9
M. Hadas, "Utopian Sources in Herodotus," CPh 30 (1935) 113-21, analyzes Tendenzerzählungen
26
I. M. Linforth, "[Unrepresented Characters] (Hdt. 4.93-96)," CPh 13 (1918) 23-33
27
FGrHist 4 F 73
FGrHist 5 F 1, 11B
28
Eliade (above, n. 18) 53
Hdt. 4.67.
29
How and Wells and Macan ad loc. cite African parallels
30
Macan ad loc.
Teubner edition ad 4.95.1
W. K. C. Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy (Cambridge, 1962) 1.159.
31
F. Hartog, Le miroir d'Hérodote (Paris, 1980) 81-127
32
El. 62-65
Aly (above, n. 12) 130-31, 250.
33
Macan ad loc.
Hartog (above, n. 31: 106), inter alios, compares [Eur.] Rhesus 949ff.
H. Diels and W. Kranz, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker (Berlin, 1951), 6th ed., 14 A 1-21.
34
Hartog (above, n. 31) 124-25.
Lateiner (above, n. 21) 76-108.
35
Hartog (above, n. 31) 103-4, 126
Pythagorist: D.L. 8.38-39
J. M. Edmonds, The Fragments of Attic Comedy, vol. 2 (Amster- dam, 1959) pp. 524-27, F 9-13.
Dodds (above, n. 18) 140-42.
Eliade [above, n. 18] passim, Guthrie [above, n. 30] 162
J. Bremmer, The Early Greek Concepts of the Soul (Princeton, 1983) 24-49
36
[Eur.] Rhesus 962ff., esp. 971-73
Plato, Charm. 156d
Eliade (above, n. 18) 41, 56 n. 107.
Carpenter (above, n. 18: 113-19)
37
Dionysus: 4.76.4, 79.1, 4*.
38
Eliade (above, n. 18) 23-25, 35, 41, 43-44.
39
Pythagoras, 8.1-50
Descent into caves, 3, 41
into Hades, 4, 14, 21, 38, 41 (sham).
Salmoxis, 2
Orpheus, 8
Hyperborean Apollo, 11.
Communalism, 10, 23
diet, 12, 40 passim.
Invisibility, 10.
40
Guthrie (above, n. 30) 1.146-81
J. Barnes, The Presocratic Philoso- phers, rev. ed. (London, 1982), 100-101.
41
Hartog (above, n. 31) 118
Eliade (above, n. 18) 31, 33
Bolton (above, n. 20) ch. 7, "Aristeas Pythagoricus"
Walter Burkert, Lore and Science in Ancient Pythagoreanism, tr. E. L. Minar, Jr., (Cambridge, Mass., 1972), 156-65.
Edmonds (above, n. 35) Index s.v., p. 680
Bolton 204 n. 31, citing D-K 1.478-80
Plut. Numa 8.8-9
Luc. Alex. 4
Guthrie (above, n. 30) 1.159, 163, 187.
Hdt. 2.81.2.
42
E. Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, (New York, 1845), ed. H. H. Milman, Vol. II, p. 57, n. 52, ch. 24, n. 54 (Burg).
43
FGrHist 70 F 206 = Plut. Lys. 25-26
Diod. 14.13.
Jacoby's comments ad loc.
44
Hdt. 6.76.1, 82.2
Plut. Dem. 20.
J. F. Bommelaer, Lysandre de Sparte (Paris, 1981) 41, 191
45
P. DeLacy, "Biography and Tragedy in Plutarch," AJP 73 (1952) 159-71.
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