[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
S. J. D. Cohen, "Josephus, Jeremiah, and Polybius," H & T 21 (1982) 367 and n. 4
2
P. Collomp, "La place de Josèphe dans la technique de l'historiographie hellénistique," in Études historiques de la Faculté des lettres de l'Université de Strasbourg, 106, Mélanges 1945 (Paris, 1947) 81-92
[Darmstadt, 1973] 278-93)
G. Avenarius, Lukians Schrift zur Geschischtsschreibung (Meisenheim am Glan, 1956), 38, 42, 53, 79, n. 24, 81, and esp. 177 and n. 22
R. J. H. Shutt, Studies in Josephus (London, 1961) 102-6
B. Brüne, "Josephus und Polybius," in Flavius Josephus und seine Schriften (Gütersloh, 1913) 170-75
D. Ladouceur, "The Language of Josephus," JSJ 14 (1983) 22 and n. 19
3
Cohen (above, n. 1) 369ff., esp. 380-81
H. Lind- ner, Die Geschichtsauffasung des Flavius Josephus im Bellum Judaicum (Leiden, 1972) 47
P. Villalba i Varneda, The Historical Method of Flavius Josephus (Leiden, 1986)
4
E. R. Bevan, The House of Seleucus, vol. 2 (London, 1902) 200 n. 5
5
P. Parsons, "Identity and Crisis in Hellenistic Literature," in Images and Ideologies: Self-Definition in the Hellenistic World (forthcom- ing from the University of California Press)
D. Ladouceur "Masada: A Consideration of the Literary Evidence," GRBS 21 (1980) 250-52
L. H. Feldman, "Josephus as a Biblical Interpreter: The Aqedah," JQR 75 (1985) 212-52
6
Ap. 1.18 and 1.66
7
Josephus (Boston, 1927)
D. Ladouceur, "The Death of Herod the Great," CPh 76 (1981) 25-34
Villalba i Varneda (above, n. 3) 208 and n. 720
Jewish War at BJ 1.1 as a "commonplace," on the basis of 2 Kings 6.28ff.
Deut. 28.57
Baruch 2.2ff
Greek and Roman audience (BJ 1.6)
8
Cohen (above, n. 1) 368
9
D. R. Schwartz, "Josephus on Jewish Constitutions," SCI 7 (1983/84) 40-42
F. W. Walbank, "Polybius on the Roman Constitution," CQ 37 (1943) 78-79
10
G. Riccioti, Flavio Giuseppe, La guerra giudaica, vol. 23 (Turin, 1963) 346
Lindner (above, n. 3) 86 n. 2
Cohen (above, n. 1) 368
G. Hata, "The Jewish War of Josephus: A Semantic and Historiographic Study" (diss. Dropsie, 1975) 127 (cf. 124 n. 2)
Polybius (128)
11
Cohen (above, n. 1) 368 n. 8
Avenarius (above, n. 2) passim
12
Cohen (above, n. 1)
13
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 177 and n. 22
n. 16
14
Compare Polyb. 12.4d.2 or 34.4.2 or 38.4.5
Jos. BJ 1.16 or AJ 14.3 or 20.157
Vita 339
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 41-42
15
Compare Polyb. 8.8.6
Jos. AJ 16.185
Ap. 1.25
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 13-14
16
Avenarius (above, n. 2: 177)
17
BJ 1.14-15
BJ 1.1, Ap. 1.45-46, 1.53
Vita 357-59
BJ 1.3-4
Ap. 1.55
18
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 39 and n. 10 (with examples), 84
Avenarius 39
Hist. Conscr. 37
19
Polyb. 12.24.6, 25g.1-2, 28.2-6, 28a.7-8, 10.
20
Polyb. 12.28a.6
3.4.13
21
Polyb. 12.28a.6
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 38
22
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 40-46
23
D.H. Ad Pomp. 3.2- 6, 9, 15, De Thuc. 41
Plut. De Herod. Malign. 857A, 867C
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 53-54, 82-83
25
F. W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. 3 (Oxford, 1979) 689
26
Josephus's attack in BJ 1.1
H. Lindner, "Eine offene Frage zur Auslegung des Bellum-Proömiums," in Josephus-Studien: Festschrift O. Michel (Göt- tingen, 1974) 254-59
27
Thackeray (above, n. 7) xvii
Villalba i Varneda (above, n. 3: 208)
BJ 1.4-5
Revolt (BJ 1.11)
28
A. Andrewes, "Thucydides and the Persians," Historia 10 (1961) 1-18
29
F. W. Walbank, "Polyb- ius' Last Ten Books," in Historiographia Antiqua: Festschrift W. Peremans (Louvain, 1977), esp. 145-50
BJ 4.491-96, 546-49, 585-87, 630-55
Rhine (7.76-88)
Danube (7.89-95)
30
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 80-84
31
Collomp (above, n. 2) 287-88
32
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 81
33
Ibid
Polyb. 9.2.2, 4,
34
Jewish War with the proems of the Jewish Antiquities (1.1-17)
Against Apion (1.1-6)
35
Avenarius (above, n. 2) 22-29
36
Book 3: see above, p. 184, p. 186
Book 4: see above, p. 186.
Book 6: see above, p. 186
Book 8: see above, pp. 178ff
Book 9: see above, pp. 181f
Book 12: see above, p. 181
Book 16: see above, p. 176
Book 31: see above, pp. 177f
Book 38: see above, p. 182
37
T. Rajak, Josephus: The Historian and His Society (London, 1983) 46
38
Templum Pacis in 75 A.D
Temple at BJ 7.155-61
Dio 66.15.1
BJ 4.654ff
Tacitus (Hist. 2.101.1)
Vita 363
Suet. Titus 9.3
Vita 361, Ap. 1.50- 51
S. J. D. Cohen, Josephus in Galilee and Rome: His Vita and Development as a Historian (Leiden, 1979) 84-90
S. Schwartz, "The Composition and Publication of Josephus' Bellum Judaicum Book 7," HThR 79 (1986) 373-86
BJ (377 and n. 16)
Trajan (passim)
39
Rajak (above, n. 37) 62-63
40
Rajak (above, n. 37), 48
41
Rajak (above, n. 37) 91
42
Cohen (above, n. 1) 378-79
43
A. Mauersberger, Polybios-Lexikon, 4 vols. (Berlin, 1961-75)
44
A. M. Eckstein, "Polybius, Syracuse, and the Politics of Accommodation," GRBS 26 (1985) 265-82
45
Cohen (above, n. 1) 378-79
46
Vita 18
BJ 7.264, 267
BJ 7.332
Cohen (above, n. 1: 378)
K. H. Rengstoff, A Complete Concordance to Flavius Josephus, 3 vols. (Leiden, 1975)
47
Cohen (above, n. 1) 371
48
Rajak (above, n. 37) 82
Cohen (above, n. 1: 374- 75)
49
AJ 20.48, 218
50
Cohen (above, n. 38) 152-60, 180ff
Jewish War, see ibid., 97-100
51
BJ 4.133, 503
7.85, 88
Vita 129, 132, 185, 325
AJ 20.199
52
Rajak (above, n. 37) 93
53
Ibid. 93 and n. 2
54
Thuc. 2.20.1 and 21.2
Pericles (2.22.1)
55
above, pp. 178-79
56
Thuc. 2.8.1
Thuc. 1.24.5
57
A. M. Eckstein, "Hannibal at New Carthage: Pol. 3.15
CPh 84 (1989) 15 and n. 50
58
above, p. 177 and n. 4
59
above, n. 50
60
Thus at BJ 2.396
Polyb. 38.3
61
. See above, pp. 182-83
62
Polybius at 36.13.3
Polyb. 8.24.1, 38.5.4
BJ 7.270
63
BJ 2.281, 191, 324, 492-93
64
Vita 31, 93, 103, 113, 263, 265, 266, 307
Vita 17-19
Vita 22
Gischala (Vita 77)
Vita 198
65
BJ 5.569-72; 2.599-609, 623, 645-46
66
AJ 15.371
BJ 2.119, 166,
AJ 18.11, 23, 25
Cohen (above, n. 38) 146-48
67
Pericles (2.65)
AJ 1.93, 159; 7.101; 12.125; 14.8, 66, 104; 16.179
Ap. 2.83
frr. 33, 161, 166, 169 Edelstein-Kidd
frr. 161 [vague], 284
68
K. S. Sacks, Polybius on the Writing of History (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1981) 178-86
69
Polyb. 2.47-51
70
Polyb. 3.89, 94, 103
71
F. W. Walbank, "The Scipionic Legend," PCPhS 13 (1967) 54-69
72
Polyb. 15.19
note 15.19.5
73
A. Aymard, Les premiers rapports de Rome et de la confédération achaïenne (198-189 av. J.-C.)
(Bourdeaux and Paris, 1938) 91-94
A. M. Eckstein, "Polybius, Aristaenus, and the Fragment 'On Trai- tors,'" CQ, n.s., 37 (1987) 143-44, 148-49
74
Rationality: Polyb. 30.14. Self-control: 31.22
75
Polybius: Hiero II of Syracuse (1.16, 7.7)
Philip II of Macedon (5.10.1-3, 8.9-11)
Alexander the Great and his marshals (8.10)
Philopoemen the Achaean leader (11.10)
Dionysius and Agathocles, rulers of Syracuse (15.35.6)
T. Quinctius Flamininus (18.12)
Attalus I of Pergamum (18.41)
Chiomara, the Gallic princess (21.38)
Apollonis, the wife of Attalus I (22.20)
Ortiagon, the Gallic king (22.21)
Philip V of Macedon, when in one of his "good" phases (25.3.9-10)
Massinissa of Numidia (36.16)
76
Posidonius fr. 284 Edelstein-Kidd (= Sen. Ep. 90.5)
Diog. Laert. 7.121-22
Stoicism (Vita 12)
Feldman (above, n. 5) 221-24
77
Cohen (above, n. 1) 379
78
Cohen (ibid.)
Polyb. 38.21-22
Jerusalem: BJ 7.112-13
79
G. Stählin, "Das Schicksal in Neuen Testament und bei Josephus," in Josephus-Studien (above, n. 26) 335-43
80
Cohen (above, n. 1) 369-77
81
P. G. Walsh, Livy: His Historical Aims and Methods (Cambridge, 1963) 66
L. R. Lind, "Concept, Action, and Character: The Reasons for Rome's Greatness," TAPhA 103 (1972) 248-49
Cato Maior (passim), and De Fort. Rom. 318F
C. P. Jones, Plutarch and Rome (Oxford, 1971) 99-100
82
Josephus on Roman justice: BJ 5.257
On Roman piety: BJ 5.326, 6.122-23
On Roman clemency: 5.372; 6.333, 340-41
Z. Yavetz, "Reflections on Titus and Josephus," GRBS 16 (1975) 423-31
83
Josephus on Roman determination: BJ 2.378, 6.228-31
On Roman military experience and expertise (especially as compared to the Jews' mere "passion"): BJ 2.502, 517-18
3.6, 15, 153, 475
4.45
5.268, 285 (where Jewish "passion" wins, for once)
6.72, 159
7.7. On Roman training, specifically: BJ 3.70-74, 6.38
On Roman courage: BJ 2.382
3.479
4.46
5.310-11
6.20, 40, 42
7.7, 126
On Roman [Unrepresented Characters] and [Unrepresented Characters]: BJ 3.84, 85, 90, 467, 475; 5.47-50, 303
6.22
Discipline: BJ 3.479, 5.122, 7.7. Planning: BJ 3.78, 477
BJ 3.244-46
5.269-70, 6.21
84
BJ 3.72-74 (esp. 74), 107; cf. 4.320
86
Lind (above, n. 81) 253ff
87
P. Pédech, La méthode historique de Polybe (Paris, 1964) 341
De Fort Rom. 317F-318A, cf. 324D
Lind (above, n. 81) 253ff
88
BJ 2.373, 4.179, 6.399
BJ 3.396, 4.40, 6.63
Tyche: BJ 5.122
L. H. Feldman, Josephus and Modern Scholarship (Berlin and New York, 1984), 1028 s.v
89
A Critical Analysis of Polybius' Political Ideas (New York, 1954), app. 2
F. W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. 1 (Oxford, 1957) 16-26
Polybius (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1972) 60-65
Pédech (above, n. 87) chap. 7 passim
90
F. W. Walbank, "Polybius and the Growth of Rome," PCA 43 (1946) 11
91
Pédech (above, n. 87) 341
Polyb. 1.4.1, 1.4.4-5
Lindner (above, n. 3: 47-48)
Varneda (above, n. 3: 55-56)
Tyche (38.21.3; cf. 38.22.2-3)
92
Cohen (above, n. 38) 98 n. 47
Rajak (above, n. 37) 101
J. Reumann, "Heilsgeschichte in Luke: Some Remarks on Its Background and Comparison with Paul," Studia Evangelica 4.1
F. L. Cross (Berlin, 1968), 104-8
93
Lindner (above, n. 3) 42-46
Cohen (above, n. 1) 369-73
94
BJ 2.359, 360, 373, 387, 389, 390
BJ 3.396, 4.40, 5.122
95
Stählin (above, n. 79) 335-43
96
Rajak (above, n. 37) 101
Lindner (above, n. 3) 47 n. 3
above, n. 67
FGrH 90 F 66, 68
97
M. Stern, "Josephus and the Roman Empire as Reflected in The Jewish War," in L. H. Feldman and G. Hata, eds., Josephus, Judaism, and Christianity (Detroit, 1987) 74-78
98
Stern (above, n. 97) 76 and nn. 31-34
W. Capelle, "Griechische Ethik und römischer Imperial- ismus," Klio 25 (1932) 99-104
Jones (above, n. 81) 125
ibid. n. 22.
Rome, esp. 29, 36, 60, 70, 99, 104
J. H. Oliver, The Civilizing Power (Philadelphia, 1968)
Hist. 4.73-74. Philo: Leg. ad Gaium 143-58, 309-18
Rabbi Judah: Shabbat 33b
Stern and by Yavetz [above, n. 82: 411]
99
Stern (above, n. 97) 75-77
100
Stern (above, n. 97) 77
101
Stern (above, n. 97) 77
102
ibid. 78
103
Compare BJ 5.367 with Thuc. 5.105.2
Thuc. 1.76.2
104
B. Shimron, "Polybius on Rome: A Re-examination of the Evidence," SCI 5 (1979/80) 105-6
Walbank (above, n. 29) 151-53, 156
105
Hata (above, n. 10: 83-87)
106
Cohen (above, n. 1) 369-77
109
H. Strassburger, "Posidonius on Problems of the Roman Empire", JRS 55 (1965) 46-52
110
Eckstein (above, n. 44), esp. 281-82
Polyb. 4.31.3-8
111
Yavetz (above, n. 82) 421
esp. 2.37-40
112
Macedon, 36.17
Carthage, 38.7-8, 20
Achaea, 38.9-18
Rajak (above, n. 37) 82-89
Cohen (above, n. 1: 378)
113
H. Fuchs, Der geistige Widerstand gegen Rom in der Antiken Welt (Berlin, 1938)
Jones (above, n. 81) 123, 126-28
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