[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
R. Meiggs and D. M. Lewis, Greek Historical Inscriptions (1969) no. 23
editio princeps Jameson, Hesperia 29 (1960) 198-223
Jameson, Hesperia 31 (1962) 310-15
2
R. W. Macan's: Herodotus VII—IX (1908) ii.261
3
C. Hignett, Xerxes' Invasion of Greece (1963) 190
Macan (supra n.2) ii.261
Bury, ABSA 2 [1895-96] 85 and 88f.
4
Habicht, Hermes 89 (1961) 1-35
Pritchett, AJA 6 (1962) 43-47
Sealey, Hermes 91 (1963) 376f
A. R. Burn, Persia and the Greeks (1962) 366-77
A. J. Podlecki, Life of Themistocles (1975) 147-67; cf. 13-15 and 19.
5
Hammond, JHS 102 (1982) 75-93
Hands, JHS 85 (1965) 58-60
6
Infra, pp. 19-22
Fornara, AHR 73 (1967) 425-33
7
(Supra n.2) i.189, ii.232, 289
R. Crahay, La Littérature oraculaire chez Hérodote (1956) 301f
8
Them. x 1-3
9
F. W. Frost, in Plutarch's Themistocles: A Historical Commentary (1980) 100
infra pp. 33-37
10
J. Kirchberg, Die Funktion der Orakel im Werke Herodots (Hypomnemata Heft 11, 1965) passim, esp. 9-10, 92-94, 118-20
11
K. von Fritz, Die Griechische Geschichtsschreibung (1967) i.1: 234ff., 234f., 247-50, 294ff
12
Kirchberg (supra n.10) 11-29
Schwabl, Gymnasium 76 (1969) 258 ff
von Fritz (supra n.11) i.1: 215, 234
H. R. Immerwahr, Form and Thought in Herodotus (1966) index, s.vv. "Delphi," "oracles."
13
"the idea of a vaticinium ex eventu does not seem to have crossed his mind": Nock, PAPhS 85 (1942) 476 = Essays, ed. Z. Stewart (1976) ii.540 (citing Pohlenz, Herodot 37)
15
(Supra n.5) 77
16
(Supra n.5) 79
17
Infra, pp. 19-25
18
Evans, CJ 78 (1982) 26
M. Lang, Herodotean Narrative and Discourse (1984) 7, with n.18 on pp. 152 f
Fornara (supra n.6) 425-33
19
Immerwahr (supra n.12) 134
20
Jacoby, RE Suppl. 2 (1913) 315, cols. E, e, n. Immerwahr (supra n.12) 133-36
22
JHS 91 (1971) 25-34
Cobet, Hermes 105 (1977) 2-27
23
Hignett (supra n.3) 125 on Diod. xi 4.3-4
Thuc. i 69.1 fin.
Thuc. i 73.4-74.4, vi 83.2
24
Longinus xiii 3
25
E. Badian, characteristically as an offhand comment in conversation (in April 1984
26
RE xxi.1: 60 Ziegler
de E apud Delphos 392A—fin.
de Pythiae oraculis 397C-99E, 404B-5D
de defectu oraculorum 413E ff., 423A ff.
de Iside et Osiride 355B—D, 358E, 374E—F, etc. Cf. Nock, PAPhS 85 (1942) 473f. = Essays ii.535f
27
Frost (supra n.9) 99
28
Athenians (vii 143)
Numquam ponenda est pluritas sine necessitate (I Sent. d. 27, q. 2 K)
29
Demaratus: vii 102, 104.3-5, 209.2-5, 235
Hell. iii 1.6; Anab. ii 3, vii 8.17: they held Pergamon, Teuthrania, and Halisarna
D. M. Lewis, Sparta and Persia (1977) 54 and nn.29-30
P. Cartledge, Sparta and Lakonia (1979) 201
30
Phoenix 38 (1984) 7
R. Demangel, Fouilles de Delphes ii.1 [1923/1926] 25)
Hignett [supra n.3] 445
Hdt. viii 37.3
31
Macan's comment (supra n.2) ii.232
32
Hammond (supra n.5) 80 n.24
Hignett (supra n.3) 444
Macan (supra n.2) ii.231
Hignett (supra n.3) 440
Evans, GRBS 5 (1964) 231f.
Simpson, Phoenix 26 (1972) 2
Hdt. vii 239
Cartledge (supra n.29) 201
33
How and Wells, Commentary ii.181
34
Moretti, RivFil 88 (1960) 399f
Pritchett (supra n.4)
Lazenby, Hermes 92 (1964) 267
35
Hammond (supra n.5) 84f
36
Thuc. i 18.2 and 74.2 are cited by Hammond (supra n.5) 83 n.35
E.-A. Bétant, Lexicon Thucydideum (1843)
"Med. colligere vasa I, 18, 2."
Polyb. xxxviii 2.3., also cited by Hammond.
37
J. Fontenrose, The Delphic Oracle (1978) 244 ff.
H. W. Parke and D. E. W. Wormell, The Delphic Oracle ii (1956) 1 ff
38
Fontenrose (supra n.37)
Brink in his review of Fontenrose in Gnomon 52 (1980) 702
infra, p. 33
ibid. 128 n.8
Anab. iii 1.5-8
Apollo (Cho- eph. 269-96)
OT 788 ff.
39
Fontenrose [supra n.37] 223
Pythia (Amandry, BCH 63 [1939] 184)
Costs: Parke and Wormell (supra n.37) i 32
40
Parke, CQ 37 (1943) 22
41
Fontenrose (supra n.37) 218
Plutarch (Mor. 438)
(A on Il. xvi 235, cited by Fontenrose, 219 n.31)
A. S. Owen, ed., Euripides Ion [1939] comm. ad loc. 415
Fontenrose (216-18 q.v.)
Parke and Wormell (supra n.37)
42
Fontenrose (supra n.37) ch. vii
43
Fontenrose (supra n.37) 42-44 and H1, 2, 9, 10, 21, 23-27, 30, 33, of the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. (245-55)
44
Thuc. i 95.5
45
J. Hofstetter in Beiträge zur Achämenidengeschichte, ed. G. Walzer (Historia Einzel- schrift 18, 1975) 98: 477 B.C.
J. Hofstetter, Die Griechen in Persien: Prosopographie der Griechen im persischen Reich vor Alexander (IranMitt Ergänzungsband 5, 1978) nos. 71 and 296: after 480
R. Sealey, A History of the Greek City States (1976) 201f.
46
Fontenrose (supra n.37) H5, 6, 13
47
Xen. Hell. iii 3.1-3
Fontenrose Q163 ([supra n.37] 322), with commentary on pp. 146-50
48
Hdt. vi 66.3 fin.
49
Nock (supra n.13) 474 n.3 = Essays ii.537 n.13
50
W. K. Pritchett, The Greek State at War iii (1979) 296 with nn.3, 4
Fontenrose (supra n.37) 128 n.8
Fontenrose H31, 32, 34, 35, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 52, 53, 57, 61, 64; cf. L100
Hdt. v 90.2 and vii 6.3
Xen. Hell. iii 3.3
Pritchett, ibid. iii.297 with nn.9, 10
Fontenrose, ibid., ch. v passim, esp. 164 with n.31
51
Sacks, CQ 26 (1976) 245
52
Pritchett (supra n.50) 304ff
53
Fontenrose (supra n.37) 124-28
supra pp. 25-26
54
Burn (supra n.4) 246
Hdt. vii 20
Sacks (supra n.51) 245
infra, n.79
56
Suda s.v. Simonides. Cf. Podlecki, Historia 17 (1968) 262-266
57
Hignett (supra n.3) 39-40
infra, pp. 44-58 and nn. 64, 67, 68, and 88
58
Hammond in N. G. L. Hammond and G. T. Griffith, A History of Macedonia ii (1979) 59f., 64, 68f., 98-101
59
Hammond (supra n.5) 76-79
Macan (supra n.2) i: 1.264, n. ad vii 178.1
60
Hignett [supra n.3] 21
Plut. Per. xi 4
Ionians in 499 (Hdt. v 112.1: only the Phoenicians are mentioned)
61
Boardman, ABSA 47 (1952) 47 and n.36
Hdt. v 99.1 and vi 100
62
Kromayer and Veith, Schlachten-atlas iv: 1.3
63
The Corinthians at Sybota were similarly handicapped: Thuc. i 52.2
64
G. Grundy, The Great Persian War and Its Preliminaries (1901) 323 ff.
Macan (supra n.2) ii.278 (but cf. i.269n. on vii 183 line 3: "quite unhistorical")
G. Giannelli, La Spedizione de Serse da Terme a Salamina (1924) 12
Bury (supra n.3) 88 f.
How and Wells (supra n.33) ii.373-75
Labarbe, BCH 76 (1952) 390-96
E. Obst, Der Feldzug des Xerxes (Klio Beiheft xii, 1913) 97 f
Kromayer and Veith (supra n.62) iv: 1.5
Lazenby (supra n.34) 277 f
supra, n.59 on Hdt. vii 177
Northern Euboean Gulf, Evans, Historia 18 (1969) 398
65
Munro, JHS 22 (1902) 310
Chalcis (vii 183.1)
66
land (vii 175.2, 176.5; viii 15.2)
sea (viii 4.1, 18)
Northern Euboean Gulf (v 77.1 and 173.1
viii 7.1 and 66.1
Livy xxx 23.12 (nam ut terra Thermopylarum angustiae Graeciam, ita mari fretum Euripi claudit)
xxviii 6.8.12
H. Nissen, Kritische Untersuchungen über die vierten und fünften Dekade des Livius (1863) 84, 124f
67
J. A. S. Evans, Herodotus (1980) 116 f.
[supra n.64] 396
[supra n.3] 181
G. Cawkwell in Auckland Classical Essays Presented to E. M. Blaicklock (1970) 41
Wallace, Phoenix 28 (1974) 22-29
68
Labarbe (supra n.64) 397-400
Lazenby (supra n.34) 280-83
Grundy (supra n.64) 328 f.
Hignett (supra n.3) 183
69
Pritchett, Studies in Ancient Greek Topography ii (1969) 19-23
ibid. 23
Mason and Wallace, Hesperia 41 (1972) 136-40
Horhager, Chiron 3 (1973) 57
Evans (supra n.64) 399 n.60
70
Evans (supra n.64) 390 f
Hignett (supra n.3) 139, 153
71
S. C. Bakhuizen in his important study Salganeus and the Fortifications on Its Mountains, Chalcidian Studies 2 (1970) 112- 36
Diod. xix 77 f., 87; xx 19.2, 27.3
ibid. 112-30
Livy xxxv 38.7-8, 13, 46.4, 50.9-11, 51.6-10, with Bakhuizen
ibid. 133-36
72
R. J. Buck, A History of Boeotia (1979) 99, 105 n.105, 123
ibid. 130-35, 137f
73
Admiralty (Naval Intelligence Division), Greece2 (1944) ii.272
74
Admiralty (Hydrographic Office), Mediterranean Pilot4 (1908) iv.72
75
(Supra n.74) 73
76
H. M. Denham, The Aegean: A Sea-Guide to Its Coasts and Islands (1963) 41
Admiralty (supra n.74) iv.131
77
Admiralty (supra n.74) iv.75
Admiralty (supra n.73) ii.272 f.
Greece (Hachette Guide Bleu, English ed., 1966) 597
78
J. S. Morrison and R. T. Williams, Greek Oared Ships (1968) 285, 289
L. Casson, Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (1971) 82
79
Tarn, JHS 28 (1908) 219
C. N. Rados, Les Guerres médiques: La bataille de Salamine (1915) 326: 20 m
Grundy (supra n.61) 396: 20
80
Hignett (supra n.3) 150
81
Mason and Wallace (supra n.69) 138f. with n.33
83
How and Wells (supra n.33) ii. 372 ("Diary")
Evans (supra n.64) 399-405
J. Kromayer and G. Veith, Heerwesen and Kreigsführung des Griechen und Römer (1928) 149
Young, IranAnt 15 (1980) 213-39
Persian warships (CAH iv.276)
D. W. Engels, Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army (1978): q.v., esp. table 3 on p. 145
84
Jameson's, Hesperia 29 (1960) 204
Hignett (supra n.3)
Thebans (cf. ix 13.3)
Macan (supra n.2) i.209B, cf. ii.269
How and Wells (supra n.33) ii.370
85
Pritchett, AJA 62 (1958) 210
86
Pritchett, Studies in Ancient Greek Topography iv (1982)220-28, 232 f
87
Diod. xi 4.2
Isoc. iv 4.90
Cartledge (supra n.29) 204
88
Evans (supra n.64) 398
89
Bakhuizen (supra n.71) vii-viii and map p. 68
90
Kromayer and Veith (supra n.62) iv:1.5
Pritchett (supra n.85) 205 f
91
Xen. Hell. x 4.17-18
Wells [supra n.33] ii.372 f
Hignett (supra n.3) 387-85
Burn (supra n.4) 395 f.
92
Simpson (supra n.32) 9f.
93
Evans, Herodotus 115
Buck (supra n.72) 132
Buck, CP 69 (1974) 47f
Evans (supra n.32) 236
94
Pritchett (supra n.86) 233
95
Pritchett (supra n.86) 232
96
Maurice, JHS 50 (1930) 235
97
Livy xxxvi 16.1-17.1
Pritchett, Studies in Ancient Greek Topography i (1965) 71-79
98
Sacks (supra n.51) 245
99
B. Kayzer and K. Thompson, Economic and Social Atlas of Grece (1964)
J. K. Campbell, Honour, Family and Patronage: A Study of Institutions and Moral Values in a Greek Mountain Community (1964) 1, 6
100
Wallace (supra n.67) 29
102
Evans (supra n.64) 389
Hignett (supra n.3) 38
Grant, Phoenix 37 (1983) 283-87, 292
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