[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
A. J. Holladay, "Hoplites and Heresies," JHS 102 (1982) 94-97
Peter Connolly, Greece and Rome at War (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1981) 47-48
John Warry, Warfare in the Classical World (New York 1980) 37, 63
Paul Cartledge, "Hoplites and Heroes: Sparta's Contribution to the Technique of Ancient Warfare," JHS 97 (1977) 15-16
John Salmon, "Political Hoplites?" JHS 97 (1977) 87 n. 25
W. Kendrick Pritchett, The Greek State at War, vol. 2 (Berkeley 1974) 175
Jacques Harmand, La Guerre antique, de Sumer à Rome (Paris 1973) 151
J. K. Anderson, Military Theory and Practice in the Age of Xenophon (Berkeley 1970) 174-76.
2
Philip of Macedon (London 1978) 150-53.
Johannes Kromayer and Georg Veith, Heerwesen und Kriegführung der Griechen und Römer (Munich 1928) 84-85
Alfred Neumann, "Phalanx," Der Kleine Pauly 4 (1975) 698.
3
Asklepiodotos Tact. 4.3
4
Holladay (supra n.1) 96.
5
W. Kendrick Pritchett, The Greek State at War, vol. 1 (Berkeley 1971) 144-54.
6
Iliad 13.352 (quoted by Pritchett [supra n.5] 152)
Plut. Aristeid. 18.3.
7
Anab. 4.8.10
Cyrop. 8.5.15
Anab. 4.3.26, 6.5.7, 25
Cyrop. 6.3.21.
8
[Unrepresented Characters], Hell. 7.5.21
[Unrepresented Characters], Hell. 2.4.34.
9
Thebes, all c. 650 (Salmon [supra n.1] figs. 1-3)
John Boardman, Eros in Greece [New York 1975] 74
C Painter, 575-550
ABV, p. 58, no 119 = P. A. L. Greenhalgh, Early Greek Warfare: Horsemen and Chariots in the Homeric and Archaic Ages [Cambridge 1973] fig. 56
P. F. Stary, "Foreign Elements in Etruscan Arms and Armour: 8th to 3rd centuries B.C.," Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 45 [1979] pl. 25a
10
CVA Deutschland 2 [Berlin 1] pls. 76, 80.2 = Greenhalgh [above, note 9] fig. 44
CVA Deutschland 4 [Braunschweig] pls. 149-50 = Greenhalgh [supra n.9] fig. 53a
Cartledge [supra n.l] fig. 1
Chiusi, c. 650-625 (Stary [supra n.9] fig. 6, 2)
Attic black-figure cup, c. 550-525 (ABV, p. 227, no. 14 = Greenhalgh [supra n.9] fig. 65)
Telmessos, c. 375-350 (William A. P. Childs, The City-Reliefs of Lycia [Princeton 1978] fig. 2 and pl. 6.3
11
Oswyn Murray, Early Greece (Atlantic Highlands, N.J. 1980) 125.
12
Necrocorinthia [Oxford 1931] 99
13
A. M. Snodgrass, Arms and Armour of the Greeks (Ithaca 1967) 53-54
Green- halgh (supra n.9) 71-73
Salmon (supra n.1) 85.
Anderson (supra n.l) 16
Cartledge (supra n.1) 13.
14
[supra n.1] 53, 131-32, 233
15
Anthony Snodgrass, Archaic Greece (Berkeley 1980) 103 with pl. 14.
J. G. P. Best, Thracian Peltasts and Their Influence on Greek Warfare (Groningen 1969) pls. 8 and B.
16
Thuc. 1.49
Syracuse, Thuc. 7.67.2.
J. S. Morrison and R. T. Williams. Greek Oared Ships (Cambridge 1968) 263-65.
17
Xanthus, c. 380 (Childs [supra n.10] fig. 11)
Trysa, c. 370 (Childs, fig. 20 and pls. 14-17).
18
M. F. Vos, Scythian Archers in Archaic Attic Vase-Painting (Groningen 1963) 61-78
Snodgrass, Arms and Armour (supra n.13) 83-84.
19
Stary (supra n.9) 192-93.
20
Diod. 16.3.2.
Minor M. Markle, III, challenges the accuracy of this passage in his "Use of the Sarissa by Philip and Alexander of Macedon," AJA 82 (1978) 484
N. G. L. Ham- mond, "Training in the Use of a Sarissa and Its Effect in Battle, 359-333 B.c.," Antichthon 14 (1980) 53-63.
21
Plut. Philop. 9
Polyain. 6.4.3
Paus. 8.50.1.
22
Asklep. Tact. 5.1
Ailianos Tact. 12.
J. K. Anderson, "Shields of Eight Palms' Width," CSCA 9 [1976] 3
23
Anthony Snodgrass, Early Greek Armour and Weapons [Edinburgh 1964] 64
24
Literal: othismos in Xen. Anab. 5.2.17, Polyb. 4.58.9
otheo in Hdt. 3.78, Xen. Anab. 3.4.47.
Figurative: othismos in Hdt. 8.78, 9.26.1
otheo (and compounds) in Hdt. 6.37.1, 7.136.1. Thuc. 1.18.2, 6.39.6, Xen. Hell. 2.3.14.
25
A. W. Gomme, Essays in Greek History and Literature (Oxford 1937) 135
A. D. Fraser, "The Myth of the Phalanx-Scrimmage," Classical Weekly (now Classical World) 36 (1942) 15-16.
26
Snodgrass [supra n.23] 176-79
27
Iliad 4.446-49 = 8.60-65.
28
Hell. 4.3.19
Ages. 2.12.
29
Hdt. 9.25.1
Thuc. 2.4.1, 4.35.3, 4.43.3, 4.96.4, 5.72.3, 6.70.2, 8.25.4, 8.100.3
Xen. Hell. 2.4.34, 4.3.19, 4.4.11, 6.4.14, 7.2.8, 7.4.30-31
Cyrop. 6.4.18, 7.1.33, 7.1.38.
Hdt. 7.225 and 9.62.2.
30
Thuc. 7.36.5, 7.52.2, 7.63.1, 8.104.4-105.1
Xen. Hell. 4.3.12.
31
Messenian War (4.7.7-8.13)
32
supra n.1] 96 n. 23
Hell. 6.4.9
33
Anderson (supra n.1) 84-86.
34
Ronald T. Ridley, "The Hoplite as Citizen: Athenian Military Institutions in Their Social Context," AntCl 48 (1979) 508-48, esp. 530-45
35
FGrHist 70 F 54
"Hoplomachia and Greek Dances in Arms," GRBS 23 (1982) 225-29
"The Hoplomachoi and Vegetius' Spartan Drillmasters," Chiron 13 [1983] 13
36
Nepos 15.2.4-5
Plut. Mor. 192c-d.
Pritchett (supra n.1) 215-16.
37
supra n.35
Plut. Mor. 193c
Marc. 21.3
38
The Face of Battle (New York 1976) 79-116, esp. 100-101
39
Thuc. 6.67
Xen. Hell. 4.2.18.
phalanx (supra n.5) 135.
40
Anderson (supra n.1) 192-220
G. L. Cawkwell, "Epaminondas and Thebes," CQ 66 (1972) 260-63
"The Decline of Sparta," CQ 77 (1983) 397-99
John Buckler, "Plutarch on Leuktra," Symbolae Osloenses 55 (1980) 75-93
The Theban Hegemony, 371-362 B.C. (Cambridge, Mass. 1980) 46-69
A. M. Devine, "Embolon: a Study in Tactical Terminology" Phoenix 37 (1983) 201-17, esp. 205-10.
Ailianos Tact. 47.3-5
Arrian Tact. 11.1-3
41
Xen. Mem. 3.1.8
Cyrop. 3.3.41-42, 6.3.25-27.
42
The Kleonians, Orneatians, and some Athenians at Mantineia (Thuc. 5.72.4)
Xen. Hell. 4.3.17
Xen. Hell. 7.1.31
Pritchett (supra n.1) 203-5.
Plut. Kleom. 8-9
43
Jeffrey Henderson, The Maculate Muse (New Haven 1975) 189.
44
A. M. Snodgrass, "The Hoplite Reform and History," JHS 85 (1965) 110-22.
45
Salmon (supra n.1) 90-92
Snodgrass (supra n.15) 106.
46
"War and the Warrior in the Homeric Poems," Problèmes de la guerre en Grèce ancienne, ed. J.-P. Vernant [Paris 1968] 113
Iliad 16.659-60
47
Contra Salmon (supra n.1) 94
48
ABV, p. 58, no. 122 = J. D. Beazley, The Development of Attic Black-Figure (Berkeley 1964) pl. 8
This content is only available via PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview