[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Clarence A. Forbes, Teachers' Pay in Ancient Greece, University of Nebraska Studies in the Humanities vol. 2 (Lincoln, Nebr. 1942)
Gaines Post, Kimon Giocarinis, and Richard Kay, "The Medieval Heritage of a Humanistic Ideal: 'Scientia donum Dei est, unde vendi non potest,' " Traditio 11 (1955) 195-234.
Olympiodo- rus on Alcibiades I.119a
2
Xenophon Cyn. 13.8 ff. = 14 T 2, Aristotle Sph. el. 1.1, 165a22 = 13 T 3, Themistius 23.289d = 13 T 15c.
4
Xenoph. Mem. 1.1.1
Favorinus (fr. 51 Mensching) apud D.L. 2.40
Eupolis, fr. 337 Kock = Zonar. 548
5
Aristophanes Nub. 225 ff., 284
Plutarch Nicias 23
6
Aristophanes Nub. 188.
7
Ibid., 113ff.
Plato Apol. 18b, 19b-c
8
Plato Comicus Peisandr., fr. 103 Kock = Eudocia 59.
9
W. Nestle, Vom Mythos zum Logos2 (Stuttgart 1942) 255 f.
W. K. C. Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy. Vol. 3: The Fifth-Century Enlightenment (Cambridge 1969) 39
Plato Meno 92e3-6 and, implicitly, 93-94, Prt. 320a-b.
10
Plato Apol. 19c4
[Plato] Eryx. 397d1
11
N. Himmelmann, "Zur Belohnung künstlerischer Tätigkeit in klassischen Bauinschriften," JDAI 94 (1979) 127-42.
A. H. M. Jones, Athenian Democracy (Oxford 1957) 135 n.1
G. B. Kerferd, The Sophistic Movement (Cambridge 1981) 25: "it is clear that to many it was the mere fact that they took fees, not the size of the fees, which was objectionable"
ibid. 29
W. Nestle (supra n. 9) 259: "Nur wenige Sophisten hinterliessen ein nennenswertes Vermögen, und ihre Beliebtheit erfuhr durch die Honorierung keinerlei Beeinträchtigung"
ibid. 262
12
Kerferd (supra n. 11) 26-28
Guthrie, on the other hand, has made only scattered remarks on the subject (supra n.9) 38 with n.2, 42 with n.1, 45, 275.
13
Nestle (supra n.9) 455-76.
14
4 T 3a, b
5 T 16a, b
3 T 1a.
15
Isocrates Contra sph. 13.3 = 13 T 8
Demosth. C. Lacrit. 43
Plutarch (Lib. educ. 7.4 f.)
16
Plato Prt. 316a1
17
Plato Crat. 384b = 6 T 1a.
18
Meno 91d = 4 T 10.
Himmelmann (supra n.11) 128 and 140 f.
19
B. Jowett, The Dialogues of Plato (4th ed., revised; Oxford 1953).
20
Plin. Hist. nat. 33.24 (cf. Athen. 11.505d)
Pausan. 6.17.7
21
Peisandr., fr. 103 Kock = [Plutarch] V. X orat. 833c = 9 T 2.
22
Aristotle Rhet. 2.16, 1391a8
ibid. 3.2, 1405b23 ff.
23
Plato Comicus Sophistae, fr. 135 Kock = Sch. Aristoph. Av. 299 = 15 T 2.
24
Ameipsias Apokottabizontes, fr. 1 Kock = Athen. 7.307e = 16 T 1.
25
Athen. 4.168b
Diels-Kranz 68 A 14-17
Plato Hi. Ma. 283a
Plutarch Vitand. aer. alieno 831f, Pericl. 16
Diels-Kranz 59 A 13.
26
H. Raeder, "Platon und die Sophis- ten," Filos. Medd. Dan. Vid. Selsk. (1939) 1-36.
27
Xenoph. Mem. 3.1.1-3
28
Nubes 98, 245, 876, 1146 = 19 T 7.
29
J. W. Basore, Seneca. Moral Essays III, Loeb Classical Library (Cam- bridge, Mass. and London 1935)
D. L. 2.34 (19 T 6b).
30
Xenophon Oec. 2.8 ( = 19 T 18)
D. L. 2.24-25, 2.74, 2.80 (19 T 4a, b, c).
Menedemus and Asclepiades in Athen. 4.168a-b. Aelian Var. hist. 9.29 (19 T 1)
31
frr. 3A-8B Mannebach, especially 6 ( = D. L. 2.80), on gifts and wages
frr. 62 and 67-83B
Xenoph. Mem. 1.2.60 (19 T 15a).
D.L. 3.9
Ephippus Nauagus, fr 14 Kock.
D.L. 6.4.
32
Xenoph. Cyn. 13.11
Plato's reversal, whereby the sophists are xotvol, at Meno 91b4 (13 T 27; v. infra).
33
Isocrates (Contra sph. 13.4 = 13 T 9)
34
J. S. Morrison, C1R n.s. 5 (1955) 8-12
O. Gigon, Kommentar zum ersten Buch von Xenophons Memorabilien (Schweiz. Beitr. z. Altertumswiss. 5; Basel 1953) 160ff.
Alciphro 1.34.4-7 = 18 T 1.
35
Contra sph. 13.5 = 13 T 9
36
Eth. Nic. 9.1, 1164a34 ff.
Kerferd (supra n.11) 25
37
4 T 4a-f; the story is also told of Corax at S(extus) E(mpiricus), (Adversus) M(athematicos) 2.96 f.
38
W. R. Connor, The New Politicians of Fifth-Century Athens (Princeton 1971) 171-73
39
Plato's Gorgias (Oxford 1959) 365.
40
So Nestle (supra n.9) 262.
41
K. Raaflaub, "Zum Freiheitsbegriff der Grie- chen,"
E. Ch. Welskopf, ed., Soziale Typenbegriffe im alten Griechenland und ihr Fortleben in den Sprachen der Welt.
Band 4: Untersuchungen ausgew. altgr. soz. Typenbegr. u. ihr Fortleben in Antike u. Mittelalter (Berlin, D.D.R. 1981) 180-405, at 305-7.
H.-D. Zimmermann, "Zur Beurteilung der freien Arbeit im klassischen Griechenland,"
d. Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg ed., Humanismus und Menschenbild im Orient und in der Antike (Halle 1977) 39-51.
Welskopf, Soziale Typenbegriffe.
Band 3: Untersuchungen ausgew. altgr. soz. Typenbegr., pp. 386-91.
Xenophon Mem. 4.7.1
42
Guthrie (supra n.9) 39
43
Socrates' Bedürfnislosigkeit
Xenoph. Apol. 16 [19 T 11], Mem. 1.6.4-5 [19 T 16], Aelian Var. hist. 9.29 [19 T 1]
Hi. Min. 368b-e, Cicero De orat. 3.32.127
44
Xenophon Hipp. 2.2
45
F. Pringsheim, The Greek Law of Sale (Weimar 1950), e.g., 88f., 141f., 190ff
46
Pring- sheim (supra n.45) 374f.
47
Mem. 1.2.6 (=19 T 14)
48
Pringsheim (supra n. 45) 374.
49
Pringsheim (supra n.45) 57.
50
Pringsheim (supra n.45) notes (p. 89)
[Plutarch] V. X orat. 837
51
Pringsheim (supra n.45) 17ff.
52
Demosth. 42.12
Pringsheim (supra n.45) 36
53
[Andoc.] C. Alcib. 17
54
Apol. 26 = 19 T 13.
55
Aelian Var. hist. 10.14 = 19 T 2.
56
(Supra n.11) 25-26.
57
A. W. H. Adkins, "[Unrepresented Characters], Democracy and Sophists: Protagoras 316b-328d," JHS 93 [1973] 10
58
Plutarch Nicias 3.1-2, Alcib. 4.1, 10.
Connor (supra n.38) 19ff.
59
J. K. Davies, review of Connor (supra n.38), Gnomon 47 (1975) 374-78, at 377.
Xenoph. Mem. 3.4.1-3.
60
Plutarch Pericl. 9.2-3.
61
Xenoph. Mem. 2.9.1
J. Meinecke, "Gesetzesinterpretation und Gesetzesanderung im attischen Zivilprozess," Rev. Int. Droits. Ant. ser. 3,18 (1971) 275-360
62
Connor (supra n.38) 166 n.54
Aristoph. Nub. 876 = 19 T 7c
Meno 70b3 (cited infra)
Apol. 23c ( = 19 T 20)
Isocrates Antid. 219 f. ( = 13 T 13a)
Philostr. V. sph. 1.12
Plato Sph. 223b6 (13 T 31a)
Prt. 316c7 (4 T 13)
Adkins (supra n.56), p. 10
Nestle (supra n.9) 259,
Moral Values and Political Behaviour in Ancient Greece (London 1972) 64f., 110
63
Connor (supra n.38) 95 and 163-68.
Aristophanes Eq. 188-92
Eupolis Maricas, fr. 193 Kock (Maricas, i.e., Hyperbolus, knows only his ABC's)
Cleon apud Thucydides 3.37.3-4.
64
J. K. Davies, Propertied Families of Attica 600-300 B.C. (Oxford 1973) 10808
Connor (supra n.38) 153 n.7.
Plato La. 180d1.
65
Guthrie (supra n.9) 44ff.
H. Fuchs, "Enkyklios Paideia," RAC 5 [1962] 365f.
Plato Prt. 312b
Kerferd (supra n.11) 37ff.
66
Xenoph. Mem. 3.6.1
Jones (supra n.11) 132
67
Connor (supra n.38) 126.
69
Sph. el. 34, 183b36 (= 5 T 4).
70
Kerferd (supra n.11) 25.
Plato Resp. 6.493d1-9
71
Mem. 1.6.11ff. = 19 T 17
Athen. 13.588f
Plato Sph. 222d, Euthyd. 273a-b
Xenoph. Symp. 4.62 = 18 T 2
Hi. Min. 363d3
72
G. Bornkamm, '"[Unrepresented Characters] Zur Geschichte eines politischen Begriffs," Hermes 71
73
Th. A. Szlezák, "Sokrates' Spott über die Geheimhaltung. Zum Bild des [Unrepresented Characters] in Platons Euthydemus," AuA 26 (1980) 75- 89.
74
Plato Apol. 29d6, 30a3, 33a8-b3
Xenoph. Cyn. 13.9 = 14 T 2, Mem. 1.1.10, 1.2.60, Apol. 16.
[Plutarch] V. X orat. 837b
75
Aeschines Tim. 173.
76
B. Ehlers, Eine vorplatonische Deutung des sokratischen Eros. Der Dialog Aspasia des Sokratikers Aischines (Zetemata 41; München 1966) 10- 25.
77
E. G. Berry, "The History and Development of the Concept of ΘEIA MOIPA and ΘEIA TYXH down to and including Plato" (Diss. Chicago 1940)
É. des Places, Pindare et Platon (Paris 1949) 149-55.
78
Plato Apol. 31d; Xenophon says the daimonion could advise either for or against an action: Mem. 4.3.12, 4.8.1.
Guthrie (supra n.9) 402-405.
79
Ehlers (supra in n.76) 21 nn.28, 29.
80
H. Dittmar, Aischines v. Sphettos. Studien zur Literaturgeschichte der Sokratiker. Unter- suchungen und Fragmente (Philol. Unters. 21; Berlin 1912) 159
H. Thesleff, Studies in Platonic Chronology (Soc. Scient. Fenn., Comm. Hum Litt. 70; Helsinki 1982) 151 n.120
Dittmar (pp. 152ff.)
81
K. Gaiser, Protreptik und Paränese bei Platon. Untersuchungen zur Form des platonischen Dialogs (Tübinger Beitr. z. Altertumswiss. 40; Stuttgart 1959) 100f.
82
M. F. Burnyeat, "Socratic Midwifery, Platonic Inspiration," BICS 24 (1977) 7-16
83
D.L. 2.64 = Panaetius, fr. 126 van Straaten.
C. W. Müller, Die Kurzdialoge der Appendix Platonica (Studia et Testimonia Antiqua 17; München 1975) 18 n.4.
84
E. Dupréel, La Légende Socratique et les sources de Platon (Bruxelles 1922).
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