[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Otto Krausse, "De Euripide Aeschyli Instauratore" (diss. Jena, 1905)
Rachel Aélion, Euripide héritier d'Eschyle, 2 vols. (Paris: Société d'Édition "Les Belles Lettres," 1983)
Richard Garner, From Homer to Tragedy: The Art of Allusion in Greek Poetry (London and New York: Routledge, 1990).
2
Krausse (above, n. 1) 172-73
Aélion's brief comment (above, n. 1) I, 161.
Suzanne Saïd, "Euripide ou l'attente déçue: L'exemple des Phéniciennes," Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore de Pisa 15 [1985] 501-27)
3
Katherine Callen King, "The Politics of Imitation: Euripides' Hekabe and the Homeric Achilles," Arethusa 18 (1985) 47-66.
Tito Tosi, "Il sacrifizio di Polissena," Atene e Roma 17 (1914) 19-38, esp. 32-33.
4
Cyclops: Charles Segal, "Violence and the Other: Greek, Female, and Barbarian in Euripi- des' Hecuba," TAPA 119 (1990) 18.
Pythia: Krausse (above, n. 1) 228-29.
Oedipus: Wolf H. Friedrich, Euripides und Diphilos, Zetemata 5 (Munich: Beck, 1953) 31
Ann N. Michelini, Euripi- des and the Tragic Tradition (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987) 171
Martha C. Nussbaum, The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy (Cam- bridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986) 417.
5
Hdt. 7.33, 9.116-20.
R. Meridor, "The Function of Polymestor's Crime in the 'Hecuba' of Euripides," Eranos 81 (1983) 13-20, esp. 18-20.
6
Froma I. Zeitlin, "The Closet of Masks: Role-Playing and Myth-Making in the Orestes of Euripides," Ramus 9 (1980) 54.
7
R. P. Winnington-Ingram, "Euripides: Poiêtês Sophos," Arethusa 2 (1969) 127-42, esp. 129-30, 136
Godfrey W. Bond, "Euripides' Parody of Aeschylus," Hermathena 118 (1974) 1-14, esp. 7, 11-12
N. G. L. Hammond, "Spectacle and Parody in Euripides' Electra," GRBS 25 (1984) 373-87
George Gellie, "Hecuba and Tragedy," Antichthon 14 (1980) 30-44.
Richard Caldwell, "Trag- edy Romanticized: The Iphigeneia Taurica," CJ 70 (1974) 23-40
Zeitlin (above, n. 6) 51-77.
8
Aélion (above, n. 1)
9
David Kovacs, The Heroic Muse: Studies in the Hippolytus and Hecuba of Euripides, AJP Monographs in Classical Philology 2 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987)
Michelini (above, n. 4).
10
Soph. fr. 526P. On this play see William M. Calder III, "A Reconstruction of Sophocles' Polyxena," GRBS 7 (1966) 31-56.
11
Calder (above, n. 10) 53-56
12
Garner (above, n. 1), 1.
13
Charles Segal, "The Problem of the Gods in Euripides' Hecuba," MD 22 (1989) 9-21.
14
D. M. Leahy, "The Representation of the Trojan War in Aeschylus' Agamemnon," AJP 95 (1974) 1-23, esp. 8-10.
15
Leahy (above, n. 14) 17-19.
16
Hes. WD 240-41.
17
Hek. 310
18
Pers. 402
Garner (above, n. 1: 129)
Hek. 309- 10
n. 17
19
Helen 1120
"Evil-Paris," in Il. 3.39
PMG 77
Antonio Garzya, Euripide: Ecuba (Rome, 1955) 107, on Hek. 945.
20
Richard Seaford, "The Tragic Wedding," JHS 107 (1987) 126.
21
Krausse (above, n. 1) 84.
Fraenkel's remark on Ag. 1641: "The end of the ephymnium (not only the last word) seems to have been in Euripides' mind when he made the Trojan captives sing of Helen's marriage (Hec. 946ff.)," Aeschylus: Agamemnon, corrected edition (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962), III, 693.
Garner (above, n. 1) 129
22
Garzya (above, n. 19) 70.
Tro. 1213-15, 890- 93
IA 1476
Hek. 441-43
Tro. 772-73
Quintino Cataudella, "L"Ecuba' di Euripide," Dioniso 7 (1939) 121-22
Wolf Steidle, "Zur Hekabe des Euripides," WS 79 (1966) 133-42.
Johanna Schmitt, Freiwilliger Opfertod bei Euripides (Giessen: Töpelmann, 1921) 50
Ag. 742
Ag. 418-19
23
Ag. 827
24
Krausse (above, n. 1) 84.
Hek. 823 and 1215
Od. 1.57-59
25
Michelini [above, n. 4] 143
26
King (above, n. 3) 51-57
27
Fraenkel (above, n. 21: II, 123)
28
The Drama of Euripides [London: Methuen, 1941] 217-18
A. W. H. Adkins, "Basic Greek Values in Euripides' Hecuba and Hercules Furens," CQ 16 (1966) 193-219.
Alfred Cary Schlesinger, "Two Notes on Euripides," CP 32 (1937) 67-70.
James C. Hogan, "Thucydides 3.52-68 and Euripides' Hecuba," Phoenix 26 (1972) 241-57.
Grube's observation (p. 220)
"'Jure Principem Locum Tenet': Euripides' Hecuba," BICS 34 [1987] 40-68
Albert Henrichs, "Human Sacrifice in Greek Religion," Entretiens sur l'Antiquité Classique 27 (Geneva, 1980) 195-235, esp. 232-34
E. A. M. E. O'Connor-Visser, Aspects of Human Sacrifice in the Tragedies of Euripides (Amsterdam: Grüner, 1987) 211-30.
Hekabe (pp. 60-67)
29
Edith Hall, Inventing the Barbarian (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989), esp. pp. 201-23
Segal (above, n. 4)
30
Hek. 523
31
Ann Lebeck, The Oresteia: A Study in Language and Structure (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971) 82-83.
Hugh Lloyd-Jones, "The Robes of Iphigeneia," CR, n.s., 2 (1952) 132-34.
32
Lebeck (above, n. 31) 80-86.
33
Schmitt (above, n. 22) 57-58
34
René Girard, Violence and the Sacred (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977).
Hek. 90
Werner Biehl, "Die Interpolationen in Euripides' Hekabe," Philologus 101 (1957) 55- 62
J. M. Bremer, "Euripides Hecuba 59-215," Mnemosyne 24 (1971) 232-50.
Carlo Brillante, "Sul prologo dell'Ecuba di Euripide," RFIC 116 (1988) 429-47.
IT 359.
35
Fraenkel (above, n. 21) II, 133.
Jean-Pierre Vernant, "Artemis and Preliminary Sacrifice in Combat," in Mortals and Immortals: Collected Essays, Jean-Pierre Vernant, ed. Froma I. Zeitlin (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991) 244-57, esp. 250-57.
36
Nicole Loraux, Tragic Ways of Killing a Woman (Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 1987) 35-37
Hek. 142.
IA 1113
37
Aélion (above, n. 1) II, 117-18.
38
Charles Segal, "Vio- lence and Dramatic Structure in Euripides' Hecuba," in Violence in Drama, Themes in Drama 13, ed. James Redmond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 39.
39
Loraux (above, n. 36) 39-41, 56-60
Segal (above, n.4) 3- 11
Froma Zeitlin, "Euripides' Hekabe and the Somatics of Dionysiac Drama," Ramus, 20 (1991) 74-75, 78.
Helene P. Foley, Ritual Irony: Poetry and Sacrifice in Euripides (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1985)
Seaford (above, n. 20) passim.
Hek. 424
40
Hek. 612
Met. 13.451
41
E. Ann Kaplan, "Is the Gaze Male?" in Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality, ed. Ann Snitow, Christine Stansell, and Sharon Thompson (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983).
n. 4: 4
Susanne Kappeler, The Pornography of Representation (Minneapolis: University of Minne- sota Press, 1986).
Terri Marsh, "The (Other) Maiden's Tale," in Amy Richlin, ed., Pornogra- phy and Representation in Greece and Rome (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991) 269-84.
42
Herakleidae (560-61)
John Wilkins, "The State and the Individual: Euripides' Plays of Voluntary Self-Sacrifice," in Euripides, Women, and Sexuality, ed. Anton Powell (London and New York: Routledge, 1990) 177-94, esp. 185-88.
43
Michelini's view of the scene (above, n. 4: 160-70)
Aeschylus's account of Iphigeneia's sacrifice (above, n. 1: II, 116-18
Hek. 806-8, 836-40
Segal (above, n. 4) 9-10
Zeitlin (above, n. 39) 78.
44
Seaford (above, n. 20) 125.
45
Zeitlin (above, n. 39) 64-74.
46
Loraux (above, n. 36) 87 n. 33.
47
Lloyd-Jones (above, n. 31) 134-35.
48
Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood, Studies in Girls' Transitions: Aspects of the Arkteia and Age Representations in Attic Iconography (Athens: Kardamitsa, 1988) 127-35.
her earlier article, "Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 641-647," CQ 65 (1971) 339-42.
49
David Armstrong and Elizabeth A. Ratchford, "Iphigeneia's Veil: Aeschylus, Agamemnon 228-48," BICS 32 (1985) 1-12.
M. L. Cunning- ham, "Aeschylus, Agamemnon 231-247," BICS 31 (1984) 9-12.
50
Loraux (above, n. 36) 56-60.
51
Vincent J. Rosivach, "The First Stasimon of the Hecuba 444ff.," AJP 96 (1975) 359-60
"Shall we fight or love life?" 315
52
Hek. 608
Hek. 574-75
Il. 23.110-26, 24.778-87.
53
Loraux (above, n. 36) 60.
54
Charles Segal, "Golden Armor and Servile Robes: Heroism and Metamorphosis in Hecuba of Euripides," AJP 111 (1990) 316.
55
R. G. Tetstall, "An Instance of 'Surprise' in the Hecuba," Mnemosyne 7 (1954) 340-41.
56
Heath (above, n. 28) 62-65.
Grube (above, n. 28: 82-84, 221-22)
Antonio Garzya, "Intorno all' 'Ecuba' di Euripide," GIF 7 (1954) 211
n. 19: 25-27
Heath (p. 64)
Segal (above, n. 4).
57
Aélion (above, n. 1) II, 65-68, 301-303.
58
R. Meridor, "Eur. Hec. 1035-38," AJP 95 (1975) 5-6
Krausse (above, n. 1) 84-85.
59
Aélion's discussion (above, n. 57).
"The Date of Euripides' Cyclops," JHS 102 [1982] 169
60
Gellie (above, n. 7) 36.
Theodore A. Tarkow, "Tragedy and Transformation: Parent and Child in Euripides' Hecuba," Maia 36 (1984) 132-35.
61
Adkins (above, n. 28) 200-206
R. Meridor, "Hecuba's Revenge: Some Observations on Euripides' Hecuba," AJP 99 (1978) 28-35.
62
Zeitlin (above, n. 39)
63
Tarkow (above, n. 60) 134.
64
"Apollo! No barbarian would have dared that," IT 1174
65
Garner (above, n. 1) 129-30, 138
Segal (above, n. 4) 11.
Michael Tierney in his edition (Euripides Hecuba [Dublin: Richview Press, 1946] 127-28)
Eur. fr. 1059.
66
Krausse (above, n. 1) 85.
67
Kovacs (above, n. 9) 105
n. 58.
Heath as quoted in n. 28 above
O'Connor-Visser (above, n. 28) 63
Renate Schlesier, "Die Bakchen des Hades: Dionysische Aspekte von Euripides' Hekabe," Métis 3 (1989) 114-15.
68
(Kovacs [above, n. 9] 105).
Heath (above, n. 28: 67-68)
Segal (above, n. 13) 16-17.
69
Cataudella (above, n. 22) 127.
70
Richard Seaford, "The Last Bath of Agamemnon," CQ 34 (1984) 252.
71
El. 1291
IT 92
Tro. 271
Or. 1522.
Rhes. 474.
Med. 333
Heracl. 586, 811
Andr. 424
Supp. 396
Ion 1604
Hel. 278
Phoen. 972, 1077, 1678
Hipp. 629
IA 323, 1004
Trach. 825
"The Epic Technique of Oral Verse-making," in A. Parry, ed., The Making of Homeric Verse (Oxford: Claren- don Press, 1971) 285-98.
72
Tarkow (above, n. 60) 135.
73
n. 6: 52
74
G. D. Kiremidjian, "The Aesthetics of Parody," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criti- cism 28 (1969-70) 231-42.
Alastair Fowler, "The Life and Death of Literary Forms," in Ralph Cohen, ed., New Directions in Literary History (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974), 77-94.
75
Jonathan Culler, "Presupposition and Intertextuality," MLN 91 (1976) 1380-96
his The Pursuit of Signs: Semiotics, Literature, Deconstruction (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981) 100-118.
76
Culler (above, n. 57) 1383 (= 103).
77
Culler (above, n. 57) 1383
78
his A Map of Misreading (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975).
G. Zuntz, The Political Plays of Euripides (Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1955) 25
79
Bloom says about "Milton and his precursors" (above, n. 77: 132-38).
Milton, in his more recent book Ruin the Sacred Truths: Poetry and Belief from the Bible to the Present (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989) 96
80
Bloom (above, n. 77) 76.
81
Zeitlin (above, n. 6) 53
King (above, n. 3) 58-60
William Arrowsmith, "A Greek Theater of Ideas," in John Gassner, ed., Ideas in the Drama (New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1964) 1-41, esp. 9-21.
82
Vincenzo di Benedetto, Euripide: Teatro e società (Turin: Einaudi, 1971) 138-43.
Katherine Callen King, Achilles: Paradigms of the War Hero from Homer to the Middle Ages (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1987) 259.
Justina Gregory, Euripides and the Instruction of the Athenians (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991) 112-24.
Ar. Clouds 1165-66
Clouds 718-19
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