[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Anne Pippin Burnett, Catastrophe Survived: Euripides Plays of Mixed Reversal (Oxford, 1971) 47-72, esp. 50
Ernst Buschor in the introduction to his German translation (Munich, 1946) 92-93.
E. Masaracchia, "Ifigenia Taurica: Un dramma a lieto fine?" QUCC, n.s., 18 (1984) 111-23.
2
D. Lanza ("Una ragazza offerta al sacrificio," QS 22 [1989] 5-22, esp. 13, 16-18)
A. Spira, Untersuchungen zum deus ex machina bei Sophokles und Euripides (Kallmünz, 1960) 118-20.
H. P. Foley, Ritual Irony: Poetry and Sacrifice in Euripides (Ithaca, 1985).
C. Codrignani, "L' 'aition' nella poesia greca prima di Callimaco," Convivium, n.s., 26 (1958) 527-45
J. Redfield, in D. M. Halperin, J. J. Winkler, and F. I. Zeitlin, eds., Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World (Princeton, 1990) 123-25
G. Nagy, The Best of the Achaeans (Baltimore, 1979) 279 n. 2.
W. Burkert, Greek Religion, tr. J. Raffan (Cambridge, Mass., 1985) 149-52
J.-P. Vernant, Mortals and Immortals: Collected Es- says, ed. F. I. Zeitlin (Princeton, 1991) 195-219
F. Graf, Nordionische Kulte (Rome, 1985) 59, 227- 49, 410-17.
3
D. J. Mastronarde, "The Optimistic Rationalist in Euripides," in M. Cropp, E. Fantham, and S. E. Scully, eds., Greek Tragedy and Its Legacy (Calgary, 1986) 201-11, esp. 208
4
HF 346-47
H. Yunis, A New Creed: Fundamental Religious Beliefs in the Athenian Polis and Euripidean Drama, Hypomnemata 91 (Göttigen, 1988) 144.
Phoen. 871
Ba. 489
IA 444, fr. 972.
5
Pindar, Ol. 1.36-53.
T. K. Hubbard, Helios 14 (1987) 3-21
G. Nagy, Pindar's Homer (Baltimore, 1990) 116-35
W. J. Slater, "Pelops at Olympia," GRBS 30 (1989) 485-501.
M. J. O'Brien ("Pelopid History and the Plot of Iphigenia in Tauris," CQ 38 [1988] (98-115)
6
Ol. 1.46-51
7
HF 1340-46
Yunis (above, n. 4) 157-66
G. E. R. Lloyd, Magic, Reason and Experience: Studies in the Origins and Development of Greek Science (Cambridge, 1979) 10-58
K. J. Dover, "The Freedom of the Intellectual in Greek Society," in The Greeks and Their Legacy 2 (Oxford, 1988) 135-58
Talanta 7 [1976] 24-54
8
W. Burkert, Homo Necans (Berlin, 1972) 114-15
Slater (above, n. 5) 497-98.
G. Berthiaume, Les rôles du mageiros (Leiden, 1982).
9
Burnett (above, n. 1: 58-61)
10
[Unrepresented Characters] (46)
Artemidorus 2.41
11
H. Lloyd-Jones, "Artemis and Iphigenia," JHS 103 (1983) 96-97
Greek Comedy, Hellenistic Literature, Greek Religion, and Miscellanea: The Academic Papers of Sir Hugh Lloyd- Jones (Oxford, 1990) 321-22
F. Graf (above, n. 2) 415
n. 58.
12
Burkert [above, n. 2] 91
384 n. 84
Paus. 3.16.7-9
F. Graf, "Das Götterbild aus dem Taurerland," AW 10.4 [1979] 33-35
A. Brelich, Paides e parthenoi [Rome, 1969] 244-45).
13
Aeschylus's Agamemnon.
14
Xen. Hell. 1.7.22
David Cohen, Theft in Athenian Law (Munich, 1983) chap. 3
Robert Parker, Miasma: Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion (Oxford, 1983) 170-75.
Hdt. 5.83.2-86
Athen. 672b-d
Menodotus, FGrHist 541 F 1
Plato Laws 9.869b2-3
15
Burkert (above, n. 2) 140
404 n. 11.
16
Il. 3.380, 5.390
Aesch. Ag. 662
Soph. El. 1133
Thuc. 1.115.5
Eur. El. 16, 286, 540.
17
C. Sourvinou-Inwood, "Myth as History: The Previous Owners of the Delphic Oracle," in J. Bremmer, ed., Interpretations of Greek Mythology (Totowa, 1986) 229-31
C. Sourvinou-Inwood, "Reading" Greek Culture: Texts and Images, Rituals and Myths (Oxford, 1991) 230-32.
18
Paus. 3.16.7-10.
Brelich (above, n. 12) 133-36
Vernant (above, n. 2) 235-37.
Burkert (above, n. 2: 152)
A. Henrichs, "Human Sacrifice in Greek Religion: Three Case Studies," Entr. Hardt 27 (1981) 205 n. 4.
Pausanias (7.19)
H. J. Rose, "Greek Rites of Stealing," HTR 34 (1941) 1-5
Hdt. 3.48
19
J.-P. Vernant and P. Vidal-Naquet, Mythe et tragédie en Grèce ancienne (Paris, 1977) 151-53
F. I. Zeitlin, "The Dynamics of Misogyny: Myth and Mythmaking in the Oresteia," Arethusa 11 (1978) 170-84.
J. J. Winkler, "The Ephebes' Song: Tragōidia and Polis," Representations 11 (1985) 26-62, esp. 32-38
J. J. Winkler and F. I. Zeitlin, eds., Nothing to Do with Dionysus? [Princeton, 1990] 20-62
P. Vidal-Naquet, "The Black Hunter Revisited," PCPS 32 (1986) 126-44
Sally Humphreys, "Lycurgus of Butadae: An Athenian Aristocrat," in J. W. Eadie and J. Ober, eds., The Craft of the Ancient Historian: Essays in Honor of Chester G. Starr (Lanham, 1985) 206-9.
nn. 20
38.
20
peripolōn, 84
P. Vidal-Naquet, The Black Hunter: Forms of Thought and Forms of Society in the Greek World, tr. A. Szegedy-Maszak [Baltimore, 1986] 107).
ibid. 113
Orestes' madness, 281-94, 307-8
perh. 284
Vidal-Naquet 117-19
perh. 1024-26
Vidal-Naquet 118
F. I. Zeitlin, "Playing the Other: Theater, Theatricality, and the Feminine in Greek Drama," in Winkler and Zeitlin [above, n. 19] 80-82).
Hera (221)
R. A. S. Seaford, "The Tragic Wedding," JHS 107 (1987) 106-10
C. Sourvinou-Inwood, Studies in Girls' Transitions (Athens, 1988), esp. 111-13
S. G. Cole, "The Social Function of Rituals of Maturation: The Koureion and the Arkteia," ZPE 55 (1984) 238-44.
n. 38.
21
Henrichs (above, n. 18) 205-8
H. S. Versnel, "Self-Sacrifice, Compensation and the Anonymous Gods," Entr. Hardt 27 (1981) 159-85
D. D. Hughes, Human Sacrifice in Ancient Greece (London, 1991) 71-76
B. K. Smith, Reflections on Resemblance, Ritual, and Religion (New York, 1989) 172-80.
22
Burnett (above, n. 1) 47-49
D. Sansone, "The Sacrifice-Motif in Euripides' IT," TAPhA 105 (1975) 283-95
O'Brien (above, n. 5) 109-12.
23
E. A. M. E. O'Connor-Visser, Aspects of Human Sacrifice in the Tragedies of Euripides (Amsterdam, 1987), with a survey of earlier discussions, 5-17
S. Trenkner, The Greek Novella in the Classical Period (Cambridge, 1958) 69-77
Hughes (above, n. 21) 82-86.
24
Seaford (above, n. 20) 108-10.
Peleus (369-71).
Leuke (436-38
Andr. 1260-62)
H. Hommel, Der Gott Achilleus, SB Heidelberg, Phil.-hist. K1. [1980] 1. Abh., 36
25
U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Der Glaube der Hellenen, 3d ed. (reprint: Basel, 1959) 1.22 n. 3.
Parker (above, n. 14: 26-27)
W. Burkert, "Buzyge und Palladium," ZRGG 22 (1970) 357-64.
26
S. Goldhill, "The Greater Dionysia and Civic Ideology," JHS 107 (1987) 58-76
Winkler and Zeitlin [above, n. 19] 97-129
W. R. Connor, "City Dionysia and Athenian Democracy," C&M 40 (1989) 7-32.
27
[Unrepresented Characters] (1459)
[Unrepresented Characters] (200
446, with [Unrepresented Characters])
[Unrepresented Characters] (1433)
[Unrepresented Characters] (78, 338-89)
[Unrepresented Characters] (357, 558, 925)
[Unrepresented Characters] (358)
[Unrepresented Characters] (28, 737, 783)
[Unrepresented Characters] (135, 193
perh. 292)
[Unrepresented Characters] (715)
[Unrepresented Characters] (179)
[Unrepresented Characters] (775, 991, 1177)
[Unrepresented Characters] (816)
[Unrepresented Characters] (339, 944)
[Unrepresented Characters] (559, 1469)
[Unrepresented Characters] (14, 507, 602, 631, 847, 1444).
28
Le vocabulaire des institutions indo-européennes 2 (Paris, 1969) 200.
Burkert (above, n. 2) 270
29
Burkert, Vernant, and Graf (above, n. 2).
Cedric Whitman, Euripides and the Full Circle of Myth (Cambridge, Mass., 1974) 32-34
30
R. Caldwell, "Tragedy Romanticized: The Iphigenia Taurica," CJ 70 (1974-75) 39-40.
31
Brauron (Paus. 1.33.1).
32
Burkert (above, n. 2) 152, 188, 202-3
Lloyd-Jones (above, n. 11) 95-96 = 319-20
E. Kearns, The Heroes of Attica, BICS Suppl. 57 (London, 1989) 27-33, esp. 32-33, 174
33
Eur. Su. 958
Hi. 166
Lloyd-Jones (above, n. 11) 95-96
320, with n. 53
Cole (above, n. 20) 243 n. 62.
34
T. Linders, Studies in the Treasure Records of Artemis Brauronia Found in Athens [Stock- holm, 1972] 70-73
C. Calame, Les choeurs de jeunesfilles en Grèce archaique 1 (Rome, 1977) 292 n. 234
K. Dowden, Death and the Maiden: Girls' Initiation Rites in Greek Mythology (London, 1989) 46, 212 n. 62.
IG II/III2 11907
N. Loraux, "Le lit, la guerre," L'Homme 21 (1981) 39.
Loraux (45 n. 38)
IT 1464-66
35
Caldwell (above, n. 30) 40
36
O'Brien (above, n. 5) 111, 115.
37
K. Matthiessen, Elektra, Taurische Iphigenie und Helena [Göttingen, 1964] 45
38
Dowden [above, n. 34]
Kearns [above, n. 32]
Sourvinou-Inwood [above, n. 20]
DHA 16 [1990] 9-90
Henrichs's (above, n. 18: 207)
n. 39
Ar. Lys. 644-45
Aesch. Ag. 239
C. Sourvinou-Inwood, "Aristophanes, Lysistrata 641-647," CQ 21 [1971] 339-42
Sourvinou-Inwood [above, n. 20] 132-33
T. C. W. Stinton, "Iphigenia and the Bears at Brauron," CQ 26 [1976] 11-13
J. Henderson in his Lysistrata edition [Oxford. 1987], on 645
D. Armstrong and E. A. Ratchford, "Iphigenia's Veil: Aeschylus, Agamemnon 228-48," BICS 32 [1985] 1-12).
39
Phanodemus, FGrHist 325 F 14
Ar. Lys. 645
Euphorion fr. 91
40
Graf [above, n. 2] 414
Menander's Epitrepontes
P. E. Easterling, "Tragedy and Ritual," Metis 3 (1988) 87-109, esp. 98-99, 109
41
Zeitlin (above, n. 19)
Zeitlin in Winkler and Zeitlin (above, n. 19) 78-87.
David Cohen, Law, Sexuality, and Society: The Enforcement of Morals in Classical Athens (Cambridge, 1991), esp. 133-170.
42
Aesch. Ag. 1379, 1384
Cho. 889
IT552, 926.
43
Tristia 4.4.67-69
J. C. G. Strachan, "Iphigenia and Human Sacrifice in Euripides' Iph. Taur.," CPh 71 (1976) 131-40
D. Sansone, "A Problem in Euripides' Iphigenia in Tauris," RhM 121 (1978) 35-47.
44
H. Strohm, Euripides: Iphigenie im Taurerland (Munich, 1949) 24, 35-36.
45
Strohm (ibid.) on 958-60
46
J. Diggle's OCT text (Oxford, 1981)
Hermann at 951
Housman at 952.
47
HH Herm. 125-26
Hdt. 3.48.3
Il. 24.614-17.
48
Burkert (above, n. 8) 236-55, esp. 242, 245
nn. 19, 20
J. Bremmer, The Early Greek Concept of the Soul (Princeton, 1983) 109-20.
49
Aesch. Eum. 448
Eur. HF 1218-19
Or. 75
Parker (above, n. 14) 371.
Aesch. Cho. 291-94
Dem. 20.158
50
[Unrepresented Characters] (955)
Aesch. Eum. 433.
[Unrepresented Characters] (948)
[Unrepresented Characters] (949)
Dem. 43.57
51
A. Hen- richs, "Namenlosigkeit und Euphemismus: Zur Ambivalenz der chthonischen Mächte im attischen Drama," in A. Harder and H. Hofmann, eds., Fragmenta Dramatica: Beitrage zur Interpretation der griechischen Tragikerfragmente und ihrer Wirkungsgeschichte (Gottingen, 1991) 161-201, esp. 162-79
IT 944
[Unrepresented Characters] (123)
Aesch. Sept. 269
E. Fraenkel on Ag. 597
Burkert [above, n. 2] 127).
J.-P. Vernant, Mythe et pensée chez les grecs, 2d ed. [Paris, 1969], 260
Aesch. Eum. 445- 53
[Unrepresented Characters] (1403-4)
Matthiessen [above, n. 37] 45-46
52
H. Erbse, Studien zum prolog der euripideische Tragödie (Berlin, 1984) 195-98.
53
Plut. Alc. 34.1
Xen. Hell. 1.4.12
J. D. Mikalson, "HEMERA APOPHRAS," AJP 95 [1975] 19-27, esp. 25
W. K. Pritchett, The Greek State at War 3 [Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1979] 209-29).
54
FGrHist 244 F 143.
55
Apolline Delphi, [Unrepresented Characters] [Unrepresented Characters] (1281).
Eur. El. 896-900
G. Herman, Ritualized Friendship and the Greek City (Cambridge, 1978).
Bremmer (above, n. 48: 109)
Burkert (above, n. 8) 250-52.
56
[Unrepresented Characters] [Unrepresented Characters] (968)
[Unrepresented Characters] (970).
Theognis 54
Hdt. 4.106
Nomos at 970
57
Burnett (above, no. 1) 71-72
Caldwell (above, n. 30)
D. H. Roberts, Apollo and His Oracle in the Oresteia (Göttingen, 1984) 102-8
B. Seidensticker, Palintonos Harmonia: Studien zum komischen Elementen in der griechischen Tragödie (Göttingen, 1982) 202-3
C. W. Mcleod, "Politics and the Oresteia," JHS 102 [1982] 124-44
Sourvinou-Inwood (above, n. 17) 225-32 = 227-33
R. W. Wallace, The Areopagus Council to 307 B.C. (Baltimore, 1989) 87-93, 209-10.
58
Jacoby, FGrHist IIIb Suppl. (Leiden, 1954) 24-25.
59
Mcleod (above, n. 57) 129.
60
E. Hall, Inventing the Barbarian: Greek Self-Definition through Tragedy (Oxford, 1989), esp. 201-23
S. Saïd, "Grecs et barbares dans les tragédies d'Euripide," Ktema 9 (1984) 27-53, esp. 43.
H. Bacon, Barbarians in Greek Tragedy (New Haven, 1961)
61
Foley (above, n. 2).
62
n. 40.
64
M. Detienne and J.-P. Vernant, Cunning Intelligence in Greek Culture (Atlantic Highlands, N.J., 1978), esp. 33, 44, 61, 64
P. Walcot, "Odysseus and the Art of Lying," AS 8 (1977) 1-19
E. L. Wheeler, Stratagem and the Vocabulary of Military Trickery (Leiden, 1988).
65
J.-P. Vernant (above, n. 19: chap. 2)
Goldhill (in Winkler and Zeitlin [above, n. 19], esp. 123-24, 126-27
S. Goldhill, Reading Greek Tragedy [Cambridge, 1986] 112-13)
E. Hall (above, n. 60: 148)
IT 264-80
Orestes 866-949.
H. Diller, "Umwelt und Masse als dramatische Faktoren bei Euripides," Entr. Hardt 6 (1960) 87- 105
D. Lanza, "Lo spettatore sulla scena," in D. Lanza, M. Vegetti, et al., L'ideologia della città (Naples, 1977) 57-78.
S. C. Humphreys, "Dynamics of the Greek Breakthrough: The Dialogue between Philosophy and Religion," in S. N. Eisenstadt, ed., The Origins and Diversity of Axial Age Civilizations (Albany, 1986) 100-101.
66
Burnett (above, n. 1) 47-48.
67
S. Goldhill. Language, Sexuality, Narrative: The Oresteia (Cambridge, 1984)
R. W. Bushnell, Prophesying Tragedy (Ithaca, 1988).
O. Taplin, Greek Tragedy in Action (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1978)
68
Ar. Frogs 954-61
B. Brecht, Gesammelte Werke 15 [Frankfurt, 1967] 275, 358
J. Ober and B. Strauss, in Winkler and Zeitlin (above, n. 19) 237-70.
69
Ba. 945-50
[Unrepresented Characters] at 290.
70
Orestes and Pylades (67-76)
Soph. Phil. 16-39
IT 299
Aesch. Cho. 1051, 1053
Cho. 1061.
Orestes and Iphigenia (1447).
71
[Unrepresented Characters] (294)
G. F. Else, " 'Imitation' in the Fifth Century," CP 53 [1958] 89 n. 38
E. C. Keuls, Plato and Greek Painting [Leiden, 1978] 14-22).
Ajax 1-70.
72
n. 16
73
HF922-1009, esp. 947-49, 952-63, 998-99
Ba. 912-76
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