[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
my Stanford Ph.D. dissertation, "Talismans, Voodoo Dolls, and Other Apotropaic Statues in Early Greece" (1988).
ANET, J. B. Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament3 (Princeton, 1969)
DT, A. Audollent, Defixionum Tabellae (Paris, 1904)
DTA, R. Wünsch, Defixionum Tabellae Atticae, IG 3.3 (Berlin, 1897)
KAR, E. Ebeling, Keilschrifturkunden aus Assur religiöse Inhalts, 2 vols. (Leipzig, 1915-23)
KBo, Keilschrifttexte aus Boghazköi (Berlin, 1916-)
MMG, J. Scurlock, "Magical Means of Dealing with Ghosts in Ancient Mesopotamia" (diss., Chicago, 1988)
PGM, K. Preisendanz and A. Henrichs, eds., Papyri Graecae Magicae: Die griechischen Zauberpapyri2 (Stuttgart, 1973-74)
SGD, D. R. Jordan, "A Survey of Greek Defixiones Not Included in the Special Corpora," GRBS 26 (1985) 151- 97.
2
E. G. Kagarow, Griechische Fluchtafeln, Eus Supple- menta 4 (Leopoli, 1929)
S. Eitrem, "Bindezauber," RAC 2 (1954) 380-85
K. Preisendanz "Fluchtafel (Defixio)," RAC 8 (1972) 1-29
C. A. Faraone, "The Agonistic Context of Early Greek Binding Spells," in C. A. Faraone and D. Obbink, eds., Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion (Oxford, 1991) 3-32.
3
K. Meuli [and R. Merkelbach] "Die Gefesselten Götter," in K. Meuli: Gesammelte Schriften 2 (Stuttgart, 1975) 1077-78
F. Graf, Nordionische Kulte, Bibltheca Helvetica Romana 21 (Rome, 1985) 81-96
H. S. Versnel, "Greek Myth and Ritual: The Case of Kronos," in J. Bremmer, ed., Interpretations of Greek Mythology (London, 1987) 121-52.
5
PGM IV 474, 830
Il. 8.424
Il. 10.193
Geoponica (10.87.6)
6
POxy 1241 col. 4.20-24.
Il. 13.301
Od. 8.361
L. R. Farnell, The Cults of the Greek States 5 (Oxford, 1909) 399-403.
A. Tresp, Die Fragmente der Griechischen Kultschriftsteller, Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten 15.1 (Giessen, 1914), 175-77
FHG 4.397.
7
Farnell (supra, n. 6: 407)
E. Simon, "Il dio Marte nell'arte dell'Italia centrale," SE 46 (1978) 135-47
H. S. Versnel, "Apollo and Mars One Hundred Years after Roscher," Visible Religion 4/5 (1985/86) 147-48.
H. A. Hoffner, "Hittite Tarpish and Hebrew Teraphim," JNES 27 (1968) 65-66
Zech. 5:5-11
8
G. E. Bean and T. B. Mitford (Journeys in Rough Cilicia in 1962 and 1963, DenkschrWien 85 [Vienna, 1965] 21-23 no. 26)
F. Sokolowski ("Sur l'oracle de Claros destiné à la ville de Syedra," BCH 92 [1966] 519-22)
L. Robert (Documents de l'Asie Mineure méridionale [Geneva, 1966] 91-100)
J. Wiseman ("Gods, War and Plague in the Times of the Antonines," in D. Mano-Zissi and J. Wiseman, eds., Studies in the Antiquities of Stobi 1 [Belgrade, 1973] 174-79)
E. Maroti, "A Recently Found Versified Oracle Against the Pirates," AAASzeged 16 (1968) 233-38
9
H. W. Parke (The Oracles of Apollo in Asia Minor [London, 1985] 250 n. 20)
Graf (supra, n. 3)
supra, n. 8
Veneris vincula, Verg. Ecl. 8.78
Serv. ad Aen 6.42
C. A. Faraone, "Clay Hardens and Wax Melts: Magical Role-Reversal in Vergil's Eighth Eclogue," CP 84 (1989) 296-97.
10
Sokolowski (supra, n. 8: 521)
Paus. 5.18.1-2
J. Frel, "Dike and Adikia," in L. Varel, R. F. Willetts, et al., eds., Geras: Studies Presented to George Thomson (Prague, 1963) 95-98, pl. 1.
11
S. J. Tambiah, "Form and Meaning of Magical Acts: A Point of View," in R. Horton and R. Finnegan, eds., Modes of Thought (London, 1973) 199-229
G. E. R. Lloyd, Magic, Reason and Experience (Cambridge, 1979) 2-3, 7.
12
G. Palmeyda, Xénophon d'Éphese: Les Éphésiaques (Paris, 1962) 32 n. 2
Eur. Ba. 1330ff.
infra, n. 110
J. Fontenrose, Didyma: Apollo's Oracle, Cult, and Companians [Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1988] 23-24
13
Faraone (supra, n. 9) 294-300.
14
Anthologie Palatine VIII (Paris, 1974) ad loc.
LSJ s.v., 1.5 (citing PGM IV 1718).
PGM IV 2076, 2450, 2497
SGD 141.
F. Maltomini, "I papiri greci," SCO 29 (1979) 102.
15
Phot. Bibl. cod. 80 p. 177
Olympiodorus of Thebes, FHG 4.63.27
frag. 27 Blockley.
16
J. F. Matthews, "Olympiodorus of Thebes and the History of the West (A.D. 407-25)," JRS 60 (1970) 96
R. D. Blockley, The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Late Roman Empire (Liverpool, 1981) 164 n. 20.
17
n. 94
Pseudo- Callisthenes, The History of Alexander 1.2
O. Weinreich, Antike Heilungswunder: Untersuchungen zum Wunderglauben der Griechen und Romer, Religionsgeschicht- liche Versuche und Vorarbeiten 8.1 (Giessen, 1909), 167 n. 2
18
E. N. Tigerstedt, The Legend of Sparta in Classical Antiquity 2 (Uppsala, 1974) 95-225 passim.
19
Paus. 3.22.6
Paus. 3.19.7
S. Wide, Lakonische Kulte [Leipzig, 1893] 149-50
supra, n. 6: 402-3
J. G. Frazer (Pausanias: Description of Greece [Cambridge, 1898] ad loc.
20
W. Burkert, Greek Religion, trans. J. Raffan (Cambridge, Mass., 1985), 169
21
M. J. Raven, "Wax in Egyptian Magic and Symbolism," OMRL 64 (1983) 7-47 (on the wax effigies)
G. Posener, "Les empreintes magiques de Gizeh et les Morts Dangereux," MDAI(Kairo) 16 (1958) 252-70
idem, "Achtungstexte," Lexikon der Ägyptologie 1 (1975) 67-69 (on the clay and stone dolls).
Cinq figurines d'envoûtement, Bibliothèque d'Étude 101 (Cairo, 1987)
BO 46 (1989) 30-31.
R. Ritner, "The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice" (diss., Chicago, 1987) 92-183.
22
R. O. Faulkner, "The Bremmer-Rhind Papyrus: The Book of Overthrowing Apep," JEA 23 (1937) 166-86
24 (1938) 41-54.
Ritner (supra, n. 21) 210 n. 735.
23
Raven (supra, n. 21: 10)
24
Ritner (supra, n. 21: 205-7)
25
Ritner (supra, n. 21) 203 n. 713
26
Ritner (supra, n. 21: 94-97 and passim)
27
Posener's survey article (supra, n. 21)
Ritner (supra, n. 21: 111 n. 376)
G. Jéquier ("Statue de prisonnier," in J. Capart, ed., Documents pour servir a l'étude de a'árt égyptien 1 [Paris, 1931] 21-23)
J. P. Lauer ("Les statues de prisonniers du complexe funeraire de Pepi Ier," BIFAO 51 [1969-70] 37-45)
Pepi I and II.
28
H. Junker, Giza VIII, DenkschrWien 73.1 (Vienna, 1950) 30-38, with pls. 6b, 7
Posener, MDAI(Kairo) (supra, n. 21).
A. Abu Bakr and J. Osing ("Ächtungstexte aus dem alten Reich," MDAI[Kairo] 29 [1973] 97-133)
J. Osing, "Achtungstexte aus dem alten Reich II," ibid. 32 [1976] 133-85
29
G. Posener, "Nouveaux textes hieratiques de proscription," in Mélanges Syriens offerts à M. René Dussaud 1 (Paris, 1939) 313-17
Princes et pays d'Asie et de Nubie: Textes hieratiques sur des figurines d'envoutement du Moyen Empire [Brussels, 1940] 15-20
A. Vila, "Un dépôt de textes d'envoûtement an Moyen Empire," JS (1963) 135-60
Ritner, (supra, n. 21) 134-70.
30
G. Posener, "Les textes d'envoutement de Mirgissa," Syria 43 (1966) 277-87.
31
Posener, Princes etpays (supra, n. 29) 15-20.
32
"The Egyptian Expedition 1932-33," BMMA Suppl. (Nov. 1933) 23-24 with fig. 32.
Posener, MDAI(Kairo) (supra, n. 21) 252-70, pls. xxvi, xxvii.
33
Posener, MDAI(Kairo) (supra, n. 21) 265-68
Abu Bakr and Osing (supra, n. 28) 129-30.
supra, n. 22
A. Gardiner and K. Sethe, Egyptian Letters to the Dead (London, 1928) 1-12
Ritner (supra, n. 21: 116-17)
infra, n. 63
34
T. Söve-Söderbergh, Ägypten und Nubien (Lund, 1941) 132-35
Posener, MDAI(Kairo) (see n. 21) 254
35
Junker (supra, n. 28) 32-33.
C. A. Faraone, "Hephaestus the Magician and the Near Eastern Parallels for Alcinous' Dogs (Od. 7.91-94)," GRBS 28 (1987) 266-74, esp. 271-72.
infra, n. 40.
36
infra, n. 89.
37
H. Zimmern, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der babylonischen Religion (Leipzig, 1901) no. 173
M. Elat, "Mesopotamische Kriegsritualen" BO 39 (1982) 22-24
38
Elat (supra, n. 37) 5-25.
39
G. Meier, Die assyrische Beschwörungssammlung Maqlû, Archiv für Orientforschung 2 (Berlin, 1937).
E. Ebeling, Tod und Leben nach der Vorstellung der Babylonier (Berlin, 1931) 118-19, no. 28, ll. 5-7.
40
T. Abusch, "Mesopotamian Anti-Witchcraft Literature; Texts and Studies, Part 1: The Nature of Maqlû, Its Character, Divisions and Calendrical Setting," JNES 33 (1974) 251-62
idem, "The Demonic Image of the Witch in Standard Babylonian Literature: The Reworking of Popular Concep- tions by Learned Exorcists," in Religion, Science, and Magic: In Concert and Conflict (Oxford, 1989) 27-60
idem, Babylonian Witchcraft Literature: Case Studies, Brown Judaic Studies 132 (Atlanta, 1987) 13-41.
41
R. I. Caplice, "Namburbi Texts in the British Museum IV," Orientalia 39 (1970) 134-41 no. 40, ll. 31-34 (translation quoted here) and rev. 1-4 (translation quoted below).
R. I. Caplice, The Akkadian Namburbi Texts: An Introduction, Sources from the Ancient Near East 1.1 (Los Angeles, 1974).
42
D. R. Jordan, "Defixiones from a Well near the Southwest Corner of the Athenian Agora," Hesperia 54 (1985) 251-55.
43
G. Castellino, "Rituals and Prayers against 'Appearing Ghosts,' " Orientalia 22 (1953) 240-74
J. Bottéro, "Les morts et l'au-delà dans les rituels en accadien contre I'action des 'revenants,' " Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 73 (1973) 153-203, esp. 179- 96
J. Scurlock, MMG pp. 125-36.
44
K 2175 rev. 13-14 = MMG 20.
R. C. Thompson, "An Assyrian Incantation for Laying a Ghost," Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology (1906) 219-27
Castellino (supra, n. 43: 265-69)
45
KAR 234.6-8 = MMG 22.
Castellino (supra, n. 43)
46
MMG 15, 18, 20- 23, 56-58, 61, 62, 65-68, 70, 71
Scurlock, MMG pp. 49-64
MMG 22, 23, 55-58
47
MMG 15, 20, 22, 58, 65, 66, 71 (clay)
Inscriptions on left side of doll: MMG 20, 21, 57, 61, 66, 67. Dress
MMG 21 (white or red garment)
Offerings given to figurines: MMG 21 (libation)
Provisions given to figurine for return trip to underworld: MMG 21 (provi- sions)
48
Coercive measures: MMG 15 (eyes covered with bark)
Threats: MMG 57. Forced oaths: MMG 18, 56, 57, 63, 65, 66.
MMG 65
Scurlock, MMG pp. 58-59
49
Containers: MMG 18, 56, 61 (jar)
Burial: MMG 15 (family tomb)
Scurlock, MMG p. 60 n. 283
Ritner (supra, n. 21: 163-65)
50
A. Goetze and E. H. Sturtevant, The Hittite Ritual of Tunnawi (New Haven, 1938) 72-75
D. H. Engelhard, "Hittite Magical Practices: An Analysis" (diss., Brandeis, 1970) 172-78.
51
Goetze and Sturtevant (supra, n. 50: 78)
KBo VI 34 I 41-42
J. Friedrich, (infra, n. 52: 162-63)
52
KBo VI 34.40-rev. 5.
J. Friedrich, "Der hethitische Soldateneid," Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 35 (1924) 161-92
A. Goetze, ANET p. 353
N. Oettinger, Die militärischen Eide der Hethiter, Studien zu den Bogazköy-Texten 22 (Wiesbaden, 1976) 6-17, 72-76.
53
F. Rosenthal, ANET pp. 659-60.
J. A. Fitzmyer (The Aramaic Inscriptions of Sefire, Biblica et Orientalia 19 [Rome, 1967] 52-58)
J. C. L. Gibson (The Textbook of Syrian-Semitic Inscriptions II: Aramaic Inscriptions [Oxford 1975] 18-43)
54
R. Meiggs and D. Lewis, A Selection of Greek Historical Inscriptions (Oxford, 1969) 5-9, no. 5, ll. 44- 49.
A. J. Graham, Colony and Mother City in Ancient Greece (Manchester, 1964) 226.
C. Picard, "Le rite magique des ib6oXa de cire brfils, attested sur trois steles arameennes de Sfir6," RA (1961) 85-88
infra, n. 70
C. A. Faraone, "Molten Wax, Spilt Wine and Mutilated Animals: Sympathetic Curses in Near Eastern and Early Greek Oaths," JHS 113 (1993) forthcoming.
55
SEG 9.72.111-21
LSS no. 115
C. D. Buck, Greek Dialects (Chicago, 1955) no. 115
F. Solmsen and E. Fraenkel, Inscriptiones Graecae ad Inlustrandas Dialectos Selectae 4 [Stuttgart, 1966] no. 39
SEG 20.717.
S. Ferri, Notiziario Archaeologico del Ministero delle Colonie 4 (1927) 93-144
G. Luzzatto, La Lex Cathartica di Cirene (Milan, 1936)
H. J. Stukey, "The Cyrenaean Hikesioi," CPh 32 (1937) 32-43
J. Servais, "Les suppliants dans la loi de Cyrene," BCH 84 (1960) 112-47
R. Parker, "The Cyrene Cathar- tic Law," in Miasma: Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion (Oxford, 1983) 332-51.
56
Hdt. 4.150-58, 161.1
57
W. Burkert, Die orientalisierende Epoche in der griechischen Religion und Literature, SHAW (Heidelberg, 1984) no. 2, pp. 68-71
58
Parker (supra, n. 55)
MMG 11
MMG 62
MMG 67
59
infra, n. 116
60
Burkert, Epoche (supra, n. 57) 68-71
Parker (supra, n. 55) ad loc.
P. Maas, Epidaurische Hymnen (Halle, 1933) 139
Stukey (supra, n. 55)
Parker [supra, n. 55: 108 n. 13]
infra, n. 61
61
infra, n. 76
Jordan, SGD pp. 152-53.
Stukey (supra, n. 55)
Xen. Cyr. 8.7.18
Hesychius s.v.
62
Soph. El. 445
Jebb's note and appendix ad loc.
infra, n. 103
63
MMG 17
MMG 23
MMG 26
supra, n. 46
64
supra, n. 55
MMG 87.27-30
MMG 23, 58, 67, 69
65
E. Benveniste, "Le sens du mot [Unrepresented Characters]" RPh 6 (1932) 118-35
Aeschylus, Agamemnon 416
G. Roux, "Qu'est-ce qu'un xokooo6s?" REA 62 (1960) 5-40
J. Ducat, "Fonctions de la statue dans la Gréce archaïque: Kouros et kolossos," BCH 100 (1978) 239-51.
66
S. Ferri, "Note d'epigrafia cirenaica," Historia 3 (1929) 399
G. De Sanctis, "Le decretali di Cirene" RFIC 5 (1927) 205-6
supra, nn. 27-33
Assyria; supra, n. 49
67
Supra, nn. 46-49
68
Supra, n. 66.
69
E. Rohde, Psyche3, trans. W. B. Hillis (London, 1925), 42-43, 57 nn. 87-88
J. Boardman and D. Kurtz, Greek Burial Customs (Ithaca, 1971) 247-59.
70
A. W. Persson, "The Cenotaph of Midea," in The Royal Tombs at Dendra, Skrifter Utgivna av Kunglige Human- istiska Vetenskapssamfundet i Lund 15 (Lund, 1931) 108-17
Od. 1.289-92, 4.584
C. Picard, "Le cénotaphe de Midéa et les 'colosses' de Ménélas (ad Aeschyl. Agamemn. v. 414 sqq.)" RPh 7 (1933) 341-54
Pherecydes FHG 2.82 = Ant. Lib. 33
Plut. Rom. 28.7
71
F. Hiller von Gaertringen, "Das von A. Schiff entdeckte Grab," in Theräische Gräber, Thera Untersuchungen: Vermessungen und Ausgrabungen 2 (Berlin, 1903) 291-307, esp. 304-6, figs. 492-93
supra, n. 69: 179, 258 fig. 34
72
Boardman and Kurtz, ibid. 259 fig. 56.
73
J. Schäfer, "Das Eidolon des Leonidas," in K. Schauenberg, ed., Charites: Festschrift E. Langlotz (Bonn 1957) 223-33
74
J. Fontenrose, The Delphic Oracle (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1978) 129-31
75
Justin, Pompei Trogi Epit. 20.2.
76
Schol. Eur. Alc. 1128
Plut. Mor. frag. 126 (Sandbach).
77
De sera num. vind. 17
Mor. 560e-f.
78
Mittelhaus, RE XIX 2084 s.v.
Paus. 3.17.9
79
W. Burkert, "ΓΟΗΣ.: Zum griechishen 'Schamanismus,' " RhM 105 (1963) 48-49 (esp. n. 67)
Plato, Laws 909b
80
L. Moulinier (Le pur et l'impur dans la pensée des Grecs d'Homére à Aristote [Paris, 1952] 215-42)
Parker (supra, n. 55: 104-15)
Both Parker (ibid.)
J.-P. Vernant ("The Pure and the Impure," in Myth and Society in Ancient Greece, trans. J. Lloyd [Atlantic Highlands, 1980])
81
Fontenrose (supra, n. 74: 129)
Rohde (supra, n. 69: 173-75)
83
A. Casanova, "Il mito di Atteone nel catalogo Esiodeo," RFIC 97 (1969) 31-46, esp. 33
W. Burkert, Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth, trans. P. Bing (Berkeley and Los An- geles, 1983), 112
Daremberg-Saglio, DAGR s.v. "Actaeon," fig. 84
B. V. Head, Historia Numorum (Oxford, 1911) 451
84
De Sanctis (supra, n. 66: 204-5)
Benveniste (supra, n. 65)
supra, n. 46
Od. 9.65- 67
ad loc. (pp. 1614-15)
Verg. Aen. 6.505-8
Rohde's discussion (supra, n. 69) 173-79.
85
Midea (supra, n. 70)
Schiff's Grave (supra, n. 71)
Hiller von Gaertringen [supra n. 71]
Delos (Appendix no. 12)
infra, n. 95
86
Picard (supra, n. 70)
87
D. R. Jordan, "New Archaeological Evidence for the Practice of Magic in Classical Athens," Praktika of the 12th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Sept. 4-10, 1983 (Athens, 1988) 273-77.
88
P.-F. Perdrizet, "Les pieds ou les genoux au rebours," Melusine 9 (1898-99) 193-96
infra, no. 10
K. A. Neugebauer, Katalog der statuarischen Bronzen im Antiquarium 1 (Berlin, 1931) 66
89
Perdrizet (supra, n. 88: 41)
G. Q. Giglioli ("Curiosità archeologiche," SE 3 [1929] 529- 31)
Appendix, infra, no. 2
C. Q. Giglioli, "Il ripostiglio Bianchini" BollComm 56 [1929] 5-51
MMG 57.41-43
Nat. Museum of Copenhagen, inv. no. 1989
Giglioli, ibid. 50-51
90
L. Mariani ("Osservazioni intorno alle statuette plumbee Sovanesi," Ausonia [1910] 39-47)
D. Comparetti ("Figurina plumbea iscritta," 194-97) in Miscellanea di studi sicelioti ed italioti in Onore di Paolo Orsi, Asso 28 [Catania, 1921].
91
Tambiah (supra, n. 11).
C. Daxelmüller and M.-L. Thomson, "Bildzauber im alten Mesopotamian," Anthropos 77 (1982) 27-64, esp. 53-58
92
Jordan (supra, n. 87).
93
Ibid.
C. A. Faraone, "An Accusation of Magic in Classical Athens (Ar. Wasps 946-48)," TAPA 119 (1989) 149-61.
94
Ritner (supra, n. 21) 93-94.
95
Faraone (supra, n. 93: 58-60)
idem, "Aeschylus' hymnos desmios (Eum. 306)
Attic Judicial Curse Tablets," JHS 105 (1985) 151-52.
Faraone (supra, n. 2: 21-22 n. 3)
96
Carystus (no. 15)
Smyrna (no. 33).
M. Nilsson, "Roman and Greek Domestic Cult," Opuscula Selecta 3 (Lund, 1960) 277-85
Faraone (supra, n. 2) 14-15.
97
Plut. Marc. 3.4 (225 B.C.)
Livy 22.57.2-6 (216 B.C.)
Plut. QR 83 = Mor. 284c (114 B.C.).
Pliny, NH 28.3.12
Suetonius, Gaius 29.2.
C. Cichorius, "Staatliche Menschenopfer," Römische Studien (1922) 7-16.
D. Briquel, "Les enterres vivants de Brindes," in Mélanges J. Heurgon (Rome, 1976) 33-40
Tzetzes (ad Lycophron Alex. 602)
98
A. M. Eckstein, "Human Sacrifice and the Fear of Military Disaster in Republican Rome," AJAH 7 (1982) 69-95
99
Faraone (supra, n. 2: 21-22 n. 3)
100
F. Schwenn, Die Menschenopfer bei den Griechen und Römern, Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten 15.3 (Giessen, 1918) 148-50
K. Latte, Römische Religionsgeschichte (Munich, 1960) 256-57
B. MacBain, Prodigy and Expiation: A Study in Religion and Politics in Republican Rome, Collection Latomus 177 (Brussels, 1982) 62.
A. Fraschetti, "Le sepolture rituali del Foro Boario," in Le délit religieux dans la cité antique, Table ronde, Rome 6-7 avril 1978 (Rome, 1981) 51-115
D. Briquel, "Des propositions nouvelles sur le rituel d'ensevelissement de Grecs et de Gaulois au Forum Boarium," REL 59 (1981) 30-37.
Pliny, NH 28.3.12
101
DTA 96, 97
102
Narratio Miraculorum Sanctorum Cyri et Joannis, PG 87.3 col. 3625
DT, pp. cxxii-cxxiii.
103
SGD 40
J. ter Vrugt- Lentz, Mors Immatura (Groningen, 1960) 32-51.
104
Pedrizet (supra, n. 88)
Giglioli (supra, n. 89)
H. Shapiro, "Personification of Abstract Concepts in Greek Art and Literature to the End of the Fifth Century B.C." (diss., Princeton, 1976) 67-69
106
Od. 11.605-12
Hes. frag. 25.23 M-W
107
V. R. d'A. Desborough, K. V. Nicholls, and M. H. Popham, "A Euboean Centaur," BSA 65 (1970) 21-30, pls. 7-11
M. H. Popham, L. K. Sackett, and P. G. Themelis, Lefkandi 1, The Tombs and Their Contents (Oxford, 1980) 168-70, 344-45 with pls. 251 and 252.
108
M. Nilsson, Greek Popular Religion (New York, 1940)
Greek Folk Religion (Philadelphia, 1961)] 10-15 and fig. 5.
P. Borgeaud, The Cult of Pan in Ancient Greece, trans. K. Atlass and J. Redfield (Chicago, 1988), 88-116
W. K. Pritchett, The Greek State at War 3 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1979) 45, 162-63.
109
Ritner (supra, n. 21).
110
Ba. 1330-39 (cf. 1355-60)
E. R. Dodds, Euripides: Bacchae2 (Oxford, 1960) ad loc.
111
Paus. 8.41.6
Paus. 7.27.3
Plut. Arat. 32.2
Paus. 3.16.7-11
Paus. 7.16.6-9
Paus. 3.15.10-11
Ps.-Plut. Mor. 309-10
Dercylus FHG 4.377.5
Seneca, Contr. 4.2, Dial. 1.5.2
Pliny, NH 7.141
Juv. 6.265
Paus. 8.47.5
Apollod. 2.7.3
frag. 90 Preller
FHG 3.146.90
schol. Pind. Ol. 7.95a
Meuli and Merkelbach (supra, n. 3)
Graf (supra, n. 3).
112
Aetolians (Plut. Arat. 32)
Gorgon's Lock (supra, n. 111).
Verg. Aen. 2 passim, Konon FGrH 26 F 34, Apollod. 3.143.
113
Tresp (supra, n. 6)
114
J. Boardman, The Greeks Overseas2 (London, 1980) 54-85.
M. L. West, Early Greek Philosophy and the Orient (Oxford, 1971)
idem, "The Rise of the Greek Epic," JHS 108 (1988) 169-71.
Burkert (supra, n. 57)
115
Faraone (supra, n. 35: 275-80)
"Aphrodite's [Unrepresented Characters] and Apples for Atlanta: Aphrodisiacs in Early Greek Myth and Ritual," Phoenix 44 (1990) 239-43.
116
supra, nn. 57, 58, 63, 64, 67
MMG 26
supra, n. 59
117
Burkert (supra, n. 57).
118
W. G. Forrest, "Colonisation and the Rise of Delphi," Historia 6 (1957) 160-75
Graham (supra, n. 54)
R. Drews, "The Earliest Greek Settlements on the Black Sea," JHS 96 (1976) 18-31.
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