[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
T. R. Malthus, First Essay on Population (1798; repr. London, 1926) 2-3.
2
"das Geschlecht, das ihm in Tapferkeit aufblühte," J. T. Mommsen, Des Pindaros Werke in die Versmaasse [sic] des Originals übersetzt (Leipzig, 1846)
"der Heldenstamm," F. Mezger, Pindars Siegeslieder (Leipzig, 1880)
"Mavortius, fortis," J. Rumpel, Lexicon Pindaricum (Leipzig, 1883)
"vaillant," A. Puech, Pindare, Olympiques (Paris, 1922)
"prode," E. Romagnoli, Pindaro (Bologna, 1927)
"valiente," M. Fernández-Galiano, Píndaro, Olímpicas2 (Madrid, 1956).
Bacchyl. Epin. 3.69
H. Maehler (Die Lieder des Bakchylides 1 [Leiden, 1982])
3
G. M. Kirkwood, Selections from Pindar, Edited with an Introduction and Commentary (Chico, Calif., 1982), ad loc.
4
F. D. Morice, The Olympian and Pythian Odes of Pindar [London, 1876]
C. A. P. Ruck and W. H. Matheson, Pindar: Selected Odes [Ann Arbor, 1968]
R. A. Swanson, Pindar's Odes [Indianapolis, 1974]
5
F. A. Paley, The Odes of Pindar (London, 1868)
E. Myers, The Extant Odes of Pindar (London, 1874)
D. W. Turner, The Odes of Pindar (London, 1876)
W. J. Slater, Lexicon to Pindar (Berlin, 1969)
F. J. Nisetich, Pindar's Victory Songs (Baltimore, 1980).
6
Shakespeare, Hamlet 1.1.47
Milton, Paradise Lost 4.902.
7
W. Irving, The Adventures of Captain Bonneville (1837), ch. 4 (ed. E. W. Todd [Norman, Okla., 1961] 33).
8
Pace G. Lozza ("L'ambiguità di linguaggio nelle Olimpiche di Pindaro," Acme 29 [1976] 163-77, at 170)
9
S. Freud, "Über den Gegensinn der Urworte," Gesammelte Werke (London, 1943) 8.214- 21.
K. Abel, Über den Gegensinn der Urworte (Leipzig, 1885)
E. Benveniste, "Remarques sur la fonction du langage dans la découverte freudienne," La Psychanalyse 1 (1956) 3-16
Problèmes de linguistique générale 1 (Paris, 1966) 75-87.
10
P. Chantraine, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque (Paris, 1968) s.vv. dpElov, &Qa, 'AQong, agog.
11
J. Chadwick and L. Baumbach, "The Mycenaean Greek Vocabulary," Glotta 41 (1963) 157-271, at 175 s.v. AQrlg.
12
C. J. Ruijgh in LfrgE.
13
W. Burkert, Greek Religion, trans. J. Raffan (Cambridge, Mass., 1985), 169.
15
Ol. 2.75
Drachmann 1.80
16
E. von Leutsch, "Pind. Ol. II, 49," Philologus 30 (1870) 72
J. van Leeuwen (Pindarus' Tweede Olympische Ode [Assen, 1964], ad 74-75)
17
F. M. Cornford, "Hermes-Nous and Pan-Logos in Pindar, Ol. II," CR 26 (1912) 180- 81.
L. Lehnus (L'inno a Pan di Pindaro [Milan, 1979] 158 n. 27)
G. W. Most, "Pindar, O. 2.83-90," CQ 36 [1986] 304-16
E. L. Brown ("The Divine Name 'Pan,' " TAPA 107 [1977] 57-61)
18
F. M. Cornford, From Religion to Philosophy: A Study in the Origins of Western Speculation (London, 1912) 171 n. 4.
[Unrepresented Characters] (17)
[Unrepresented Characters] [Unrepresented Characters] (77)
19
E. Robbins, "Heracles, the Hyperboreans, and the Hind: Pindar, Ol. 3," Phoenix 36 (1982) 295-305, at 304.
20
A. F. Garvie, (Aeschylus: Choephori [Oxford, 1986], ad loc.)
21
Pyth. 8.39-56
22
"6oea... potest enim de acri et violento animi corporisque motu intelligi," A. Boeckh, Pindari Opera Quae Supersunt (Leipzig, 1811-21) vol. 2.2, p. 126.
23
Aesch. Sept. 577, 658, 829-30
Eur. Phoen. 1494.
E. Risch, "Namensdeutungen und Worterklärungen," Eumusia: Festgabe für Ernst Howald (Zurich, 1947) 72-91
Kleine Schriften (Berlin, 1981) 294-313
L. P. Rank, Etymologiseerung en verwante verschijnselen (Assen, 1951) 51-63.
24
Empedocles DK 31 B 137
Ar. Nub. 1325-34, Ran. 273-74, Av. 1337-73
Lys. 10.8.
25
[Unrepresented Characters], Pyth. 10.12.
Pyth. 6.28-32
26
The Works of Pindar [1930-32; repr. Amsterdam, 1965]) on 38-43, "He evidently knows nothing of or ignores the curse of Oidipous against his own sons"
Fernández-Galiano (supra, n. 2) ad 41
28
E. Robbins, "Intimations of Immortality: Pindar, Ol. 3.34-35," Greek Poetry and Philosophy: Studies in Honour of Leonard Woodbury, ed. D. E. Gerber (Chico, Calif., 1984), 219- 28, at 223-24.
29
B. L. Gildersleeve, Pindar: The Olympian and Pythian Odes [1885; repr. St. Clair Shores, Mich., 1979] 155
30
W. Burkert, Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1979) 23 (my italics).
31
Pyth. 3.99
Pyth. 11.1
32
A. P. Burnett, The Art of Bacchylides (Cambridge, Mass.. 1985) 29.
33
van Leeuwen (supra, n. 16) 1.98.
34
Ol. 1.43-45
Pyth. 3.98-99
35
J. Bollack (Empédocle [Paris, 1965] 1.278 n.)
36
F. Solmsen, "Achilles on the Islands of the Blessed: Pindar vs. Homer and Hesiod," AJP 103 (1982) 19-24
A. T. Edwards, "Achilles in the Underworld: Iliad, Odyssey and Aethiopis," GRBS 26 (1985) 215-27
R. Schmiel, "Achilles in Hades," CP 82 (1987) 35-37.
37
C. Lévi-Strauss (Anthropologie structurale [Paris, 1958] 243-51)
G. S. Kirk, The Nature of Greek Myths (Harmondsworth, 1974) 82- 87
E. Robbins, "Cyrene and Cheiron: The Myth of Pindar's Ninth Pythian," Phoenix 32 [1978] 91-104, at 101
L. Woodbury, "Equinox at Acragas: Pindar Ol. 2.61-62," TAPA 97 (1966) 597-616.
38
E. Rohde (Psyche, trans. W. B. Hillis [London, 1925], 414
Kirkwood (supra, n. 3: 71)
"L'or des rois: Le mythe de la deuxième Olympique," RPh 37 [1963] 234-54, at 246
Ol. 2.57-83
fr. 133 S.-M.
Pl. Meno 81a
39
H. Lloyd-Jones ("Pindar and the After-Life," in A. Hurst, ed., Pindare, Entretiens sur l'Antiquité Classique, 31 [Geneva, 1985], 245-79, at 278)
40
U. von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff (Pindaros [Berlin, 1922] 243)
G. Méautis, Pindare le Dorien (Neuchâtel, 1962) 72
C. M. Bowra, Pindar (Oxford, 1964) 121
N. Demand, "Pindar's Olympian 2, Theron's Faith, and Empedocles' Katharmoi," GRBS 16 (1975) 347-57, at 347-48.
Rohde (supra, n. 38: 416 [= 2.214-15 German ed.4])
G. Zuntz (Persephone [Oxford, 1971] 88)
Ol. 2.68-83.
Of Ol. 2.63, Gildersleeve (supra, n. 29)
41
M. R. Wright, Empedocles: The Extant Fragments (New Haven, 1981) 3.
42
Wilamowitz (supra, n. 40: 251)
"Wo nahm Pindar die fremde Lehre her? Von Theron; das hilft nicht weiter, aber die Berührung mit Empedokles ist sehr zu beherzigen." Cf. W. Jaeger, "The Greek Ideas of Immortality," HThR 52 (1959) 135-47, at 141
R. S. Bluck, Plato's Meno (Cambridge, 1961) 69-70
Zuntz (supra, n. 40) 186, 195, 252, 257, 265
Demand (supra, n. 40) 355 n. 38.
43
Zuntz (supra, n. 40: 195)
J. P. Hershbell ("Hippolytus' Elenchos as a Source for Empedocles Re-examined II," Phronesis 18 [1973] 187-203, at 191-93)
Wright (supra, n. 41: 273)
44
G. Norwood (Pindar [Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1945] 135)
45
L. Dissen and F. Schneidewin, Pindari Carmina 2 (Gotha, 1847) 29
Wilamowitz (supra, n. 40) 240
Norwood (supra, n. 44) 135
van Leeuwen (supra, n. 16) 1.5.
46
Wright (supra, n. 41) 31.
47
Ibid. 59-60.
48
J. M. Bremer et al., Some Recently Found Greek Poems, Mnemosyne Supplements, 99 [Leiden, 1987] 139-40.
49
M. L. West (ad Hes. Theog. 975)
Met. 4.531
51
A. Hurst (supra, n. 39: 283)
52
Paley (supra, n. 5) 9
van Leeuwen (supra, n. 16) 1.87.
53
Kirkwood (supra, n. 3) ad Ol. 2.22.
54
Puech (supra, n. 2) 43 n. 2.
55
Dissen (supra, n. 45) on 22
C. M. Bowra, The Odes of Pindar (Harmondsworth, 1969) 81
W. Fitzgerald, "Pindar's Second Olympian," Helios 10 (1983) 49-70, at 54.
56
Fernández-Galiano (supra, n. 2) ad 22.
57
F. Jacobs, in Dissen (supra, n. 45), ad 22.
58
Jacobs, in Dissen (supra, n. 45) ad 22
C. A. M. Fennell, Pindar: The Olympian and Pythian Odes (Cambridge, 1879) ad 21
Mezger (supra, n. 2) ad 23
Gildersleeve (supra, n. 29) ad 24
R. C. Jebb, "Pindar," JHS 3 (1882) 144-83, at 167
Rumpel (supra, n. 2) s.v. dvex&g
G. Fraccaroli, Le odi di Pindaro dichiarate e tradotte (Verona, 1894) 191.
Od. 1.16
Hes. Theog. 184, Op. 386
Od. 7.261, Hes. Theog. 493
L. Ballew, Straight and Circular (Assen, 1979) 9-11.
59
C. Mayne, Pindar, Olympian Odes (London, 1906) 18
W. G. Headlam, "Emendations and Explanations," JP 30 (1907) 290-319, at 291-93
Cornford (supra, n. 18) 171
D. M. Robinson, "The Villa of Good Fortune at Olynthus," AJA 38 (1934) 501-10, at 505 n. 1
Excavations at Olynthus 10 (Baltimore, 1934) 512-13, Pindar: A Poet of Eternal Ideas (Baltimore, 1936) 51
"The Wheel of Fortune," CP 41 (1946) 207-16, at 207.
60
Woodbury (supra, n. 37) 601-4.
61
Pyth. 8.95
H. Fränkel, "Man's 'Ephemeros' Nature According to Pindar and Others," TAPA 77 (1946) 131-45.
63
Norwood (supra, n. 44) 132.
A. Carson, Eros the Bittersweet: An Essay (Princeton, 1986) 57-58.
Ar. Thesm. 780-81, Pl. Cra. 427e.
F. Ponge, Le grand recueil 2 (Paris, 1961) 217.
64
Soph. Trach. 129-31, fr. 871
J. Jones, On Aristotle and Greek Tragedy (London, 1962) 174-77
G. M. Kirkwood, "Nemean 7 and the Theme of Vicissitude in Pindar," in G. M. Kirkwood, ed., Poetry and Poetics from Ancient Greece to the Renaissance: Studies in Honor of James Hutton (Ithaca, N.Y., 1975), 56-90.
F. J. Nisetich, "Immortality in Acragas: Poetry and Religion in Pindar's Second Olympian Ode," CP 83 (1988) 1-19, at 5.
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