[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
U = Hermannus Usener, ed., Epicurea (Leipzig, 1887).
1
Benjamin Farrington's Science and Politics in the Ancient World, in JRS 31 [1941] 149-57).
Mario Paolucci suggested instead that the work was commissioned by Piso on the occasion of his departure for Macedonia, where he served as proconsul from 57 to 55 B.c. (p. 203 of "Note sulla datazione del IIHel roi xa0' "O[rQov &¥yacOoi Paolkcog di Filodemo," Aevum 29 [1955] 201-9).
Oswyn Murray argued that the treatise, dealing with kingship as a whole, has a more general aim than Momigliano suggested, and he proposed that it was written on the occasion of Piso's election to the consulship in 59 B.C. ("Philodemus on the Good King according to Homer," JRS 55 [1965] 161-82, esp. 177-82).
his views ("Rileggendo il buon re secondo Omero," CronErc 14 [1984] 157- 60)
Tiziano Dorandi in his new edition (Filodemo: Il buon re secondo Omero [Naples, 1982] 42-45).
Ulysses ("Le 'bon roi' de Philodème et la royauté de César," REL 44 [1966] 254-85).
2
fr. 45.8- 11
4
Christian Jensen published the first complete edition of Philodemus's On Poems 5, with a translation and essays, in Philodemus: Über die Gedichte, Fünftes Buch (Berlin, 1923).
Jensen, Augusto Rostagni argued that Philodemus was a highly creative thinker who revolutionized ancient poetics by demanding a union of form and content ("Sulle trace di un'estetica dell'intuizione presso gli antichi," A&R 1 [1920] 46-57
"Filodemo contro l'estetica classica," RF 51 [1923] 401-23
52 [1924] 1-28
Scritti minori, vol. 1 [Turin, 1955], 356-71, 394-443).
5
"The Poetic Theory of Philodemus," dissertation, Harvard University, 1955.
6
Francesco Sbordone reedited the major papyri (except those containing Book 5) of On Poems in Ricerche sui papiri ercolanesi, vols. 1 and 2 (Naples, 1969, 1976).
Maria Luisa Nardelli continued this project in vol. 4 (1983).
Annemarie Neubecker's edition, with translation and commentary, Philodemus: Über die Musik IV. Buch (Naples, 1986).
Cecilia Mongoni is currently reediting On Poems 5 for the series La Scuola di Epicuro, edited by Marcello Gigante.
7
Non Posse Suaviter Vivi 1086f-1087a, 1092e-1096c
U 5, 20, 117, 163, 228, 229.
8
Non Posse Suaviter Vivi 1095c
U 20
Diogenes Laertius (10.120)
9
Republic 10.607d
10
Republic 10.599b-d.
11
supra, n. 4
Heraclides ("Herakleides vom Pontos bei Philodem und Horaz," Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Phil.-hist. Kl., 1936, 292-320).
12
Col. 1.10-31.
13
DK 22 B 42.
14
his review of Jensen's edition, Philologische Wochenschrift [1924] 418
15
Col. 2.2-5.
16
Col. 2.11-30.
Cecelia Mangoni likewise proposes .tQV/oLx g in her forthcoming edition of On Poems 5.
17
col. 26.19-20.
18
Cols. 28.33-29.7.
19
Col. 14.20-24.
my paper "The Poetic Theory of the Stoic 'Aristo,' " Apeiron 23 (1990) 147-201.
20
Col. 29.7-8.
21
Col. 29.9-22.
22
Poetics 1447b16-20
23
Col. 21.30-32.
24
PHerc. 1676 col. 6(17).2-11
Sbordone, vol. 2 [supra, n. 6] 253
25
PHerc. 1676 col. 6(17).22-24
On Poems 5, col. 33.29-32.
26
Col. 22.2-4
col. 23.26-32.
James Porter takes Crates' oppo- nents to be the so-called critics (pp. 163, 165, "Philodemus on Material Difference," CronErc 19 [1989] 149-78)
27
Col. 22.6-8.
28
col. 23.24-25
29
Cols. 22.14-23.20.
30
Col. 22.30-34.
col. 22.18-19
31
cols. 13.28-21.22
my paper cited supra, n. 19.
32
Republic 3.398a-b
33
Republic 3.402c-d.
34
Aristotle, Poetics 13, esp. 1453a7
Aristotle's specialized use of the term EtL1ELtxi (1452b34)
Plato's repeated use of the term at Republic 397d, 398b, and 398e
35
On Music 4, col. 5.20-21 Neubecker (supra, n. 6).
36
Ibid. col. 5.27-37.
37
Ibid. col. 6.5-8.
38
Ibid. col. 6.13-18.
39
Ibid. col. 20.7-17.
40
Ibid. col. 28.22-35
col. 15.5-7
41
Ibid. col. 13.16-24
42
Ibid. col. 15.15-23.
43
Ibid. col. 26.4-7
44
On Rhetoric, HV1 vol. 5, col. 27.10-14
Sudhaus, vol. 1, 262
45
Adv. Math. 1.299.
46
"Epicurean Poetics" (supra, n. 3).
47
Adv. Math. 1.270-71.
48
Ibid. 1.279-80.
49
Ibid. 1.296-97.
50
Ibid. 1.271, 280.
51
Ibid. 1.273,283-84.
52
Ibid. 1.273,285-86.
53
Ibid. 1.273,284-85.
54
Ibid. 1.288.
55
Augusto Rostagni (supra, n. 4)
Phillip De Lacy has suggested that Philodemus rejected not only utility, but also pleasure as an aim of poetry, and held instead that "the meaningful expression of aesthetic symbols constitutes the value and end of poetry" (p. 89 of "The Epicurean Analysis of Language," AJP 60 [1939] 85-92).
Pasquale Giuffrida (L'epicureismo nella letteratura latina nel I. secolo a. C., vol. 1 [Turin, 1940])
Scritti minori, vol. 1, 398 n. 2
56
On Poems 5, cols. 23.36-24.3.
57
Ibid. col. 26.31-32
58
Ibid. col. 32.7-9
59
PHerc. 1074 + 1081 fr. c, col. 2.5-13
Sbordone, vol. 2 [supra, n. 6] 201
60
PHerc. 1676 col. 6(17).22-27
Sbordone, ibid. 253
61
PHerc. 1676 cols. 1-6 (12-17).
62
On Poems 5, cols. 33.21-34.2.
63
On Music 4, col. 16.17-24.
64
Ibid. col. 18.16-19.
65
Ibid. col. 17.2-13.
66
Ibid. col. 18.2-7.
67
Ibid. col. 18.19-23.
68
Ibid. col. 16.23-28.
69
Ibid. col. 37.8-29.
70
Ibid. col. 37.29-36
71
Ibid. col. 37.36-39.
72
Aristotle, Politics 1341a18-21.
73
On Music 4, col. 38.12-19.
74
Ibid. col. 38.25-30.
75
Non Posse Suaviter Vivi 1095c
U 5 and 20
76
Diogenes Laertius 10.121
U 569
77
Ibid. 10.121
U 568
my paper "Epicurean Poetics" (supra, n. 3).
78
Non Posse Suaviter Vivi 1087a
U 228
79
On Piety, PHerc. 247, 7
fr. 48, p. 20 Gomperz.
80
On Piety, PHerc. 1088, 10
fr. 95.22-28, p. 46 Gomperz.
fr. 37, p. 9 Gomperz
fr. 145, p. 59 Gomperz
fr. 63, p. 34 Gomperz.
81
On Piety, PHerc. 1428, fr. 6b, p. 70 Gomperz
PHerc. 1428, frs. 11-17, pp. 77- 84 Gomperz.
Albert Henrichs has edited these fragments, with commentary ("Die Kritik der stoischen Theologie im PHerc. 1428," CronErc 4 [1974] 5-32).
Phillip De Lacy discusses the Stoic use of allegory in "Stoic Views of Poetry," AJP 69 (1948) 259-63.
A. A. Long has recently argued that the early Stoics did not attribute allegorical interpretations to the poets themselves ("Stoic Readings of Homer," forthcoming in Homer's Ancient Readers, ed. R. Lam- berton [Princeton University Press]).
Cicero's On the Nature of the Gods 1.36-42.
82
Col. 33.9-17
Philodemus's Homeric citations ("L'Omero di Filodemo," CronErc 8 [1978] 38-51).
83
On Anger, col. 44.23-25
Nestor's words at Il. 9.63-64
84
Col. 28.23-27 Dorandi.
85
On Poems 5, cols. 14.32-15.1.
86
On Poems 5, cols. 16.32-17.10.
87
PHerc. 994, col. 25.5-14
Sbordone, vol. 2 [supra, n. 6] 87
PHerc. 466, fr. 8.11-12
Nardelli, vol. 4 [supra, n. 6] 63
Philodemus's praise of Homer's style in "De Homero in Philodemi n-EQi JrIOltqxLTv 1. II laudato," Eos 31 (1928) 439-46.
88
Alexander Olivieri's edition, Philodemi [Unrepresented Characters] [Unrepresented Characters] Libellus (Leipzig, 1909).
Athe- naeus's Deipnosophistae
Plutarch's De Audiendis Poetis
ps.-Plutarch's De Vita et Poesi Homeri
Prusa's Discourses on kingship
Robert Philippson briefly suggests a few differences, as well as similarities, with Epicurean doctrine (Berliner Philologische Wochenschrift 30 [1910] 742-44).
Mario Paolucci developed the view that Philodemus broadened Epicureanism by introducing common cultural material ("Studi sull'epicureismo romano, 1: Note al nHei Trov xa0' "Orjgov adyaOov f3autAlog di Filodemo," RIL 88 [1955] 483-511).
"Philodemus" [supra, n. 1] 174-78
Murray reaffirms this position in "Rileggendo" (supra, n. 1) 158-59.
Philodemus's treatise ("Il discorso nFeCi PacOEiiag B de Dione di Prusa e l'opuscolo nIIei Toi xa0' "'O[rljov &yacOoi fpaotEogS di Filodemo," Sileno 4 [1978] 73-107).
Philodemus's Epicureanism and The Good King.
Following Ronconi ("Appunti di estetica epicurea," in Miscellanea di studi alessandrini in memoria di Augusto Rostagni [Turin, 1963] 7-25
"Poetica e critica epicurea," in Interpretazioni letterarie nei classici [Florence, 1972] 64-90)
Dorandi explains this clash as a conflict between theory and practice (p. 50 of "L'Omero" [supra, n. 82]
p. 18 of his edition [supra, n. 1]).
Marcello Gigante views The Good King as a profoundly original attempt to derive ethical precepts from poetry ("Per l'interpretazione del libro di Filodemo Del buon re secondo Omero," PP 217 [1984] 285-98, esp. 290
French as ch. 4 of La bibliothèque de Philodème et l'épicurisme romain [Paris, 1987] 89-107).
89
Col. 43.31-34
90
Dorandi's edition (supra, n. 1)
S. Cirillo (HV1 vol. 8 [Naples, 1844]).
Franz Bücheler proposed numerous additions and corrections to this edition in "Philodem über das ho- merische Fürstenideal," RhM 42 (1887) 198-208.
Philippson suggested many highly speculative supplements in "Zu Philodem Heei rov xaO' "Ogreov dyaOoiv fBautAXwg," Berliner Philologische Wochenschrift 30 (1910) 765-68.
Don Fowler's review in CR 36 (1986) 81-85
Rolf Westman's review in GGA 237 (1985) 190-97
91
Murray, "Philodemus" (supra, n. 1) 162-63
Dorandi's edition, 211.
92
Palatine Anthology 11.44
93
Col. 43.16-20.
94
Adv. Math. 1.270.
Ps.-Plutarch (De Vita et Poesi Homeri 2.6)
Félix Buffière offers a detailed survey of the impact of Homer's thought in antiquity in Les mythes d'Homère et la pensée grecque (Paris, 1956)
95
Epist. 1.2.3-4
Phaeacians (2.6-31).
Gigante ("Per l'interpretazione" [supra, n. 88] 297-98).
Philodemus ("Nestor compo- nere litis / inter Peliden festinat et inter Atriden," 2.11-12
col. 28.27-31
Or. 2
supra, n. 88
96
The Good King, it may be taken in a neutral sense at col. 28.18-19
col. 24.18
col. 27.15
"Philodemus" [supra, n. 1] 178
97
De Audiendis Poetis 15c.
98
Ibid. 17f-18f.
99
Ibid. 15d-16a
100
Ibid. 19a-d.
101
Ibid. 19e-20b.
102
Ibid. 20c-21d.
103
Ibid. 21d-22a, 35e-f.
104
Ibid. 22b-c.
105
Ibid. 22c-25b.
106
Ibid. 22f
107
Ibid. 23c-24c.
108
Ibid. 33c-34b
109
Ibid. 35f.
110
"Studi" [supra, n. 88] 486
"Note" [supra, n. 1] 202).
Dorandi (supra, n. 1: pp. 19, 208)
111
Col. 25.19-22.
112
Murray, "Philodemus" (supra, n. 1) 168.
113
Col. 37.27
114
col. 20.8
col. 20.36.
col. 27.28.
115
Cols. 8.7, 24.9, 40.18-19.
116
Col. 22.36-37
117
supra, n. 1.
infra, n. 166
118
Cols. 24.18-19, 37.4-5, 22.34-35.
119
Cols. 32.11-12, 28.15.
120
Col. 27.28-30.
121
Col. 29.4-7.
122
Col. 32.16-17.
123
Col. 25.32-35.
124
Col. 30.28.
125
Col. 21.32-37.
126
Col. 32.16-19.
127
Col. 32.35-36.
128
Col. 13.25-34
129
Col. 36.30-31.
col. 28.21-32
130
Col. 20.4-8
131
Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 5.187c
U 228.
132
supra, nn. 1, 88, 90.
137
Republic 3.388a-b.
138
Epicurus, KD 40
Vatican Fragment 66.
140
Republic 3.390a-b.
141
Ettore Bignone has gathered the testimonies in L'Aristotele perduto e la formazione filosofica di Epicuro, vol. 1 (Florence, 1936) 269-70
E. Kaiser, "Odyssee-Szenen als Topoi," MH 21 (1964) 220-21.
Heraclitus, Homeric Problems 79
U 229
Seneca, Epistle 88.5
Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 12.513a-c
Plutarch, De Vita et Poesi Homeri 2.150
Odyssey 9.28
Eustathius 1612.10.
142
Republic 3.390c.
143
Plutarch, De Audiendis Poetis 19d
Od. 8.267.
144
Heraclitus, Homeric Problems 69
ps.-Plutarch, De Vita et Poesi Homeri 2.101-2
Od. 8.267.
Plutarch, De Audiendis Poetis 19f.
145
Deipnosophistae 5.192d-e.
146
Od. 8.267.
147
Plato disapproves of both stories at Repub- lic 3.390b-c.
148
Republic 3.390a.
149
Ps.-Plutarch, De Vita et Poesi Homeri 2.207.
150
Aristotle, EN 1137b8-13
151
SVF3.640, 641.
SVF 3.632
"Studi" [supra, n. 88] 498
152
SVF 3.637-39.
153
Epicurus, KD 36-38.
154
Republic 3.389e.
155
Ion 540d-41b
Republic 10.599c-600a.
156
Republic 3.390d-91c.
157
Murray, "Philodemus" [supra, n. 1] 169
158
Plato makes the charge against poets at Republic 3.392a-b
Odysseus's verses at Republic 2.363b.
159
fr. 175 Wehrli
ps.-Plutarch (De Vita et Poesi Homeri 2.207)
160
Letter to Menoeceus 132.
161
Bücheler conjectured that this was Epicurus ("Philodem" [supra, n. 90] 202).
162
Philodemus in On Poems (PHerc. 994, col. e, Sbordone, vol. 2 [supra, n. 6] 31).
Demetrius (On Style 61)
ps.-Galen (Protrepticus 17)
164
Lucretius 5.1169-82.
166
col. 41
Murray, "Philodemus" [supra, n. 1] 172)
Dorandi [supra, n. 1: p. 44]
supra, n. 117
168
Murray suggests that this mention of fame is "the only cogent instance of Epicurean influence" in the treatise ("Philodemus" [supra, n. 1] 174)
169
Il. 9.524-599.
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