[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
W. Shakespeare, Richard II, III.ii.145, 156.
2
G. Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, The Monkes Tale, B 3805-8, 3815-16.
3
T. Mommsen, Römische Geschichte (Berlin 1908) vol. II, p. 376n.
4
R. Hoeppli, Parasites and Parasitic Infections in Early Medicine and Science (Singapore 1959) 356
A. T. Sandison, Diseases in Antiquity (Springfield 1967) 181-82
C. MacLaurin, Post-Mortems of Mere Mortals (New York 1935) 147-59
J. R. Busvine, Insects, Hygiene, and His- tory (London 1976) 195-203
H. Trevor-Roper, The Hermit of Peking (Harmondsworth 1978) 279-93
5
Celsus De medicina 6.6.15
Galen Opera ed. Kühn VI.572 (De aliment. facult. II = CMG V.4.2 ed. Helmreich 274), 793 (De probis pravisque aliment. sucis = CMG V.4.2 ed. Helm- reich 415)
XII.17.30 (De simpl. med. temp. facult. VII), 462 (De comp. med. sec. loc. I); XIV.290 (De therica ad Pison), 323, 415 (De remed. parab. I. II)
Caelius Aurelianus De morbis chronicis ed. Drabkin 3.4.52; 4.2.14-18; 4.8.106-30
6
Diog. Laert. 3.40, 4.4
J. A. Fairweather, "Fiction in the Biographies of Ancient Writers," Anc. Soc. 5 (1974) 231-75
William M. Calder III, "The Spurned Doxy: An Unnoticed Topos in English Academic Autobiography," CW 73 (1980) 305-306
E. N. Tiger- stedt, Interpreting Plato (Uppsala 1977) 40, 71-72
7
Galen Opera ed. Kühn XIV.630-634 (De praecognitione = CMG V.8.1 ed. V. Nutton 100-104)
App. Syr. 59-61
Plut. Dem. 38.2-9
Val. Max. 5.7.3
Galen (Kühn) XVIII.2, 40 (In Hipp. prog. comment. I = CMG V.9.2 ed. Diels 206)
Nutton's notes, CMG V.8.1, 195-96
P. M. Fraser, "The Career of Erasistratus," Ist. Lomb., Rend. lett. 103 (1969) 518-37
D. W. Amundsen, "Romanticizing the Ancient Medical Profession," Bull. Hist. Med. 48 (1974) 320-37.
8
Aris. Hist. An. 5.31.556b-557a, tr. A. L. Peck (Loeb 1970) II, 209
Agathar- chides (Diod. Sic. 3.29.5-7)
H. Keil, "The Louse in Greek Antiquity," Bull. Hist. Med. 25 (1951) 305-22
9
Plut. Sulla 36.3-4, tr. Rex Warner (Penguin 1958) 97.
10
Pind. Nem. 5.25-34
Apollod. Bibl. 3.13.3, 7.
11
Pliny HN 11.114.
12
Pliny HN 7.172
Paus. 1.20.7
Diog. Laert. 1.118
Porphyry Pyth. 55
Diod. Sic. 10.3.4.
G. S. Kirk and J. E. Raven, The Presocratic Philosophers (Cambridge 1962) 49-52
Marc. Aur. 3.3
W. Nestle, "Die Legende vom Tode der Gottesverächter," Archiv für Religionswissenschaft 33 (1936) 254-56
13
Plut. Arat. 29.5-6
T. W. Africa, Phylarchus and the Spartan Revolution (Berkeley- Los Angeles 1961) 37.
14
H A. Holden, ed. Plutarch's Life of Sulla (Cambridge 1886) 188
Plut. Ti. Grac. 9.1
App. BCiv. 1.88
15
E. S. Gruen, "The Political Allegiances of Mucius Scaevola," Athenaeum 43 (1965) 321- 32.
A. E. Astin, Scipio Aemilianus (Oxford 1967) 228.
16
Diod. Sic. 34/35.2.23, tr. F. R. Walton (Loeb 1967) vol. XII. pp. 69, 71
P. Green, "The First Sicilian Slave War," Past & Present 20 (1961) 21
17
F. Jacoby, FGrHist. 87F108.
18
Diod. Sic. 31.9.1-5
Plut. Aem. 37.1-3.
19
Arr. Anab. 4.14.3, tr. P. A. Brunt (Loeb 1976) vol. I, p. 387.
20
Plut. Alex. 55.5, tr. B. Perrin (Loeb 1958) vol. III, p. 385
J. R. Hamilton, Plutarch, Alex- ander; A Commentary (Oxford 1969) 156-57
Diog. Laert. 5.5.
21
Diog. Laert. 5.44
22
Diod. Sic. 16.64.1-2
Parth. 25
Ath. 6.232D-33A
Nestle (supra n. 12) 246-64
23
Diod. Sic. 16.38.6, tr. C. L. Sherman (Loeb 1952) vol. VII p. 343
Paus. 10.2.4.
Plut. De sera 548F-49A.
24
F. Jacoby, FGrHist. 434F1, 2.4-5, tr. T. S. Brown, Ancient Greece (New York 1965) 218
25
Diod. Sic. 21.16.4-5
Justin 23.2
26
2 Chron. 21:15, 18-19
Though 2 Kings 8:16-24
Jos. AJ 9.100-103
27
Jos. BJ 7.451-53
28
Lucian Alex. 59, tr. A. M. Harmon (Loeb 1925) vol. IV, p. 251.
29
Hdt. 4.205, tr. A. de Sélincourt (Penguin 1972) 338-39.
30
Paus. 9.7.2-4, tr. W. H. S. Jones (Loeb 1935) vol. IV, pp. 203, 205.
31
Paus. 1.9.8, tr. W. H. S. Jones (Loeb 1935) vol. I, p. 47
T. S. Brown, "Hieronymus of Cardia," AHR 52 (1947) 684-96
32
Pliny HN7.138, tr. H. Rackham (Loeb 1942) vol. II, p. 599; 11.114; 26.138
Anon. De Vir. Ill. 75.
33
Paus. 1.20.7; 9.33.4
34
Plut. Artax. 14, 16-17
35
Plut. Sulla 36.3, tr. R. Warner (Penguin 1958) 97
T. F. Carney, "The Death of Sulla," ActaCl. 4 (1961) 64-79
36
App. BCiv. 1.101
J. Ziehen, Philol. 57 (1898) 189-91
Rhet. Her. 4.31, 68
37
Plut. Cor. 39.4
Livy 2.40.10
Cic. Brut. 42
Polyb. 18.43.10
Cic. Att. 5.21-6.3
Sol. 27.1
F. J. Frost, "Plutarch and Clio," in S. M. Burstein, ed., Panhellenica: Essays in Ancient History and Historiography in Honor of T. S. Brown (Lawrence 1980) 155-70
38
App. BCiv 1.104-5, tr. H. White (Loeb 1958) vol. III, pp. 195, 197
Suet. Gram. 12
39
Plut. Sulla 37.1-4
Max. 9.3.8
40
Isa. 68:24
Sir. 7:17
Mark 9:48
Deut. 28:20-29, 34-35
41
2 Macc. 9:5, 8-9 (tr. RSV).
42
2 Macc. 9:11-18.
43
2 Macc. 9:28
Ps. 37:35-36
Isa. 14:11-20
1 Macc. 2:62-63
44
2 Macc. 9:19-27
45
2 Macc. 2:19-32, 15:38-39
J. A. Goldstein, 1 Maccabees: A New Translation and Com- mentary (Garden City 1976) 34
46
1 Macc. 6:8-16
Jos. AJ 12.357-60
1 Macc. 9:55-56
Jos. AJ 12.413
47
1 Macc. 6:1-4
Jos. AJ 12.354-56
48
Jos. AJ 12.258-59
49
Polyb. 31.9.3-4, tr W. R. Paton (Loeb 1927) vol. VI, p. 177
F. W. Walbank, A His- torical Commentary on Polybius (Oxford 1979) vol. III, pp. 473-74
50
Polyb. 26.1.1-14; la; 30.25.1-26.9;
Diod. Sic. 29.32; 31.16.1-3
Livy 41.20.1-4
51
App. Syr. 66
52
Ps. 65:7
Isa. 40:12
53
2 Macc. 5:21
54
Hdt. 7.24, 36-37
55
Isoc. Paneg. 89
Juv. 10.173-87
Anth. Pal. 10.304
Veil Pat. 2.33.4
Calig. 19
Dio Cass. 59.17.1-11
56
O. Murray, "Herodotus and Hellenistic Culture," CQ ser. 2, 22 (1972) 200-213
57
Macrob. Sat. 2.4.11
Strabo 16.2.46
58
Jos. BJ 1.656, tr. H. St. J. Thackeray (Loeb 1927) vol. II, pp. 311-13
AJ 17.169
D. J. Ladouceur, "The Death of Herod the Great," CP 76 (1981) 25-34
59
Jos. BJ 1.647-65
AJ17.146-91
60
Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 1.8.4, tr. K. Lake (Loeb 1926) vol. I, p. 67
61
Jos. AJ 16.184, tr. R. Marcus (Loeb 1963) vol. VIII, p. 283
B. Z. Wacholder, Nicolaus of Damascus (Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1962) 27-35, 61-63
62
Jos. BJ 2.31, 35-36
AJ 17.238, 244
63
Brut. 53.4-5
Quaes. conv. 723D
Ant. 61.2, 71.1, 72.2-3
Sulla 36.3-4
64
Jos. AJ 15.174.
Assumption of Moses 6.2-6
65
Acts 12:23 (tr RSV)
Gregory of Tours 1.24
66
Jos. AJ 19.344-60
67
Matt. 27:3-5.
68
Acts 1:18
Athanasius Ep. 54.3
69
Wisdom of Solomon 4:19
70
Papias, Fr. 3, tr. J. A. Kleist, ed. Ancient Christian Writers (Westminster 1948) vol. VI, p. 119.
71
A. Momigliano, "Pagan and Christian Historiography in the Fourth Century," in A. Momigliano (ed.), The Conflict between Paganism and Christianity in the Fourth Century (Oxford 1963) 80.
72
Lactant. Mort. Pers. 52.
73
Lactant. Mort. Pers. 33, tr. M. F. McDonald, Lactantius; The Minor Works (Washington, D.C. 1965) 178-79.
74
Lactant. Mort. Pers. 42.
75
Lactant. Mort. Pers. 49.
76
Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 1.8.6-9; 2.10.1-9.
77
Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 9.10.14-15.
78
Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 2.15.2; 3.36.1; 39.1-17.
79
Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 8.16.4-5.
80
E. Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, ed. J. B. Bury (Lon- don 1909) vol. I, p. 411 n. 43
Jacob Burckhardt, The Age of Constantine the Great, tr. M. Hadas (New York 1949) 268.
81
Oros. 7.28
Exc. Val. 3.8.
82
Eutr. 10.2, 4
Aur. Vic. Caes. 40
Epit. de Caes. 40
W. Den Boer, Some Minor Roman Historians (Leiden 1972) 101-3
Zosimus 2.11
83
B. Pascal, Pensées, tr. H. F. Stewart (New York 1950) 53
W. C. Abbott, The Writings and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell (Cambridge, Mass. 1947) vol. IV, pp. 867-71.
84
J. L. Motley, History of the United Netherlands (New York 1895) vol. III, pp. 503-505
F. Braudel, tr. S. Reynolds, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (New York 1973) vol. II, p. 1235
C. Petrie, Philip II of Spain (New York 1963) 309
G. Parker, Philip II (Boston 1978) 197-98
85
Vita Hist. Pers. 3.71
Gregory of Tours 2.3
De reg. Goth. 79
Procopius 3.8.5
86
S. Perowne, The Life and Times of Herod the Great (New York 1956) 165-66, 185
P. Green (supra n. 16), 21, 27 n. 95
T. F. Carney (supra n. 35)
A. T. Sandison, "The Last Illness of Herod the Great," Med. Hist. 11 (1967) 381-87
D. J. Ladouceur (supra n. 58), 27
87
Thuc. 2.47-54
A. W. Gomme, A Historical Commentary on Thucydides (Oxford 1956) vol. II, pp. 150-53
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M. G. Morgan, "Cali- gula's Illness Again," CW 66 (1973) 327-29
Katz, "Caligula's Illness Again," CW 70 (1977) 451
Morgan, "Once Again Caligula's Illness," CW 70 (1977) 452-53
A. B. Bosworth, "The Death of Alexander the Great: Rumor and Propaganda," CQ Ser. 2; 21 (1971) 112-36
D. Engels, "A Note on Alexander's Death," CP 73 (1978) 224-28.
88
Jos. Ap. 2.143, tr. H. St. J. Thackeray (Loeb 1926) vol. I, p. 349
Athan. Ep. 54.3
Hist. Ar. 51
ad Episc. Aeg. 19
89
O. Temkin, The Falling Sickness (2nd ed., Baltimore 1971) 151-53
M. Rodinson, Mohammed, tr. A. Carter (New York 1974) 56
90
Gibbon (supra n. 80) vol. V, p. 373 (Bury ad loc., n. 161, opts for hysteria)
91
T. Rosebury, Microbes and Morals (New York 1971) 97-164
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I. Macalpine and R. Hunter, George III and the Mad-Business (New York 1969) 354-63
G. Dean, The Porphyrias (2nd ed., London 1971) 138-69
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