The modest, functional bungalow provided affordable housing for millions of homeowners as California’s population exploded and its cities spread outward over the course of the twentieth century. But in the twenty-first century, when land is more expensive and we’re aware of the ecological cost of urban sprawl, a new model is needed. The author discusses what made the California bungalow such a successful mode of middle class housing, and what new experimental models might take its place, including small lot subdivisions and cohousing.

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