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Keywords: competitive authoritarianism
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Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2014) 54 (4): 725–748.
Published: 01 August 2014
...Stephan Ortmann By-elections in Singapore have played a different role depending on whether the country can be characterized as a hegemonic or competitive authoritarian regime. During the former, the ruling party was able to instrumentalize by-elections for leadership renewal and enhance its power...