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street-level-bureaucrats

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Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2020; 601196–203 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2020.60.1.196
Published: 01 February 2020
... other high-level political appointments. In December, the government promoted 37 deputy secretaries to undersecretaries, the second- highest bureaucratic position; 97% of them were Khas Arya, whose propor- tion in the population is 31%. The district court released some indigenous Tharu leaders, who had...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2019; 596959–977 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2019.59.6.959
Published: 01 December 2019
... arrested individuals affiliated with them, and Baperki, which was considered leftist, was dissolved. 960 ASIAN SURVEY 59:6 Chinese government ministers, and the Chinese were almost unrepresented in the legislative councils at both national and regional levels. In later years their political...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2019; 595889–910 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2019.59.5.889
Published: 01 October 2019
... government or a government department; the most visually strik- ing of these are mass movements. Collective action in contemporary Korea is formulaic and strict. Groups march down large streets near the center of Seoul waving anti-government banners and shouting inspirational slogans. Ritualized marches are...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2019; 593407–428 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2019.59.3.407
Published: 01 June 2019
... analysis of the cases of Sri Lanka and now Pakistan demonstrates that massive BRI funding levels may render such developing countries overly dependent on China.7 The pattern is remarkably familiar in both cases: heavy invest- ment from China, usually without any proper governance-related condition- alities...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2019; 592360–381 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2019.59.2.360
Published: 01 April 2019
... creates incentives that can either facilitate or impede implementation of top-level agreements. - did government vessels of the two countries confront each other at sea, many Vietnamese people also took to the streets throughout Vietnam to protest against China. 3. The Vietnamese side reported 2016 s...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2019; 592223–245 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2019.59.2.223
Published: 01 April 2019
.../journals/reprints-permissions. DOI: httpsdoi.org/ 10.1525/AS.2019.59.2.223. 223 advertising boards on high streets, and even posters in xiaoqu (community neighborhoods). One of the most important visions of the Chinese Dream, defined by Xi, is a great rejuvenation of the nation, a yearning for a Chinese...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 5861090–1110 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.6.1090
Published: 01 December 2018
... political settlements at the subnational level and commodity markets in two Afghan provinces, Nangarhar and Kandahar. It seeks to present an integrated understanding of how these relationships function across the state and market, which are often treated separately in policy terms but are deeply intertwined...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 585898–919 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.5.898
Published: 01 October 2018
... or root out corruption.22 While successive South Korean governments may have prioritized anti- corruption activities in the democratic era, political scandals still have a habit of emerging and revealing the continuing prevalence of corruption at high levels of the private and public sectors...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 584747–769 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.4.747
Published: 01 August 2018
...) Regional Identity Formation from the Perspective of Central Asian States, Journal of Contemporary China 23:85 (2014): 102 18. 12. In particular, the Ministry of Agriculture andWater Management of Uzbekistan is cooperating with Japan on increasing the efficiency of water consumption at the consumer level...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 584660–678 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.4.660
Published: 01 August 2018
... first discuss the origins of the project and India s evolving interest in it. We then consider 3. Niharika Mandhana, India, Afghanistan and Iran Sign Deal for Transport Corridor, Wall Street Journal, May 23 2016,
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 583557–581 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.3.557
Published: 01 June 2018
... in this highly effective alliance between street- level mobilization and elite machinations, it was the movement in the streets, not the parties on the campaign trail, that most decisively influenced the election result. Elections, Movements and Regimes: Activists as Saviors and Challengers of...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 583439–463 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.3.439
Published: 01 June 2018
... infrastructure gradually rivaling that of the offshore market.6 MARKET POWER AND EXPERTISE FOR CHINA In general, market power refers to an economy s influence deriving from its level of market development and positioning in the global capital market. The former is associated with a high degree of market...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 582213–239 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.2.213
Published: 01 April 2018
... the 1997 financial crisis, which threatened the scheme s viability. In response, the bureaucrats devised solutions: they adopted regionally adjusted poverty measures, imposed a waiting period for voluntary cardholders, and retained funds at the central level to pay for cross-regional services to...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2018; 58133–42 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.1.33
Published: 01 February 2018
... 26.7% in 2017, implying growing economic independence at the local level.8 Another indicator of marketization is the availability of alternative, compet- ing products. Anecdotal evidence shows that North Koreans can choose, for example, from a variety of locally made goods: toothpaste, refrigerators...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2017; 575956–979 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2017.57.5.956
Published: 01 October 2017
... on December 24, 2014. Few international treaties have taken effect as quickly.22 ATT NEGOTIATIONS: THE JAPAN FACTOR The level of Japanese engagement over the entire seven-year period of ATT negotiations was unusually high. Japan s involvement included serving as vice chair of the Asia-Pacific group...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2017; 575791–812 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2017.57.5.791
Published: 01 October 2017
... party governing the City District Government of Karachi. Rule at the local level was coupled with a significant share of National Assembly seats, as well as a substantial share of seats in the provincial assem- bly of Sindh. In the 2008 parliamentary elections (which returned Pakistan to civilian rule...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2017; 574764–789 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2017.57.4.764
Published: 01 August 2017
... Chinese leaders have used political marketing to build up their positive image and gain public support to main- tain regime legitimacy.3 Many local governments at the province, county, and city levels in China have also adopted similar strategies to improve state society relations.4 In the Macao Special...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2017; 573395–415 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2017.57.3.395
Published: 01 June 2017
... Reform Equilibrium in a Nondemocratic Regime Journal of Politics 71.1 (January 2009): 132 59. 396 ASIAN SURVEY 57:3 further economic liberalization. David Shambaugh, for example, claimed in a 2015 Wall Street Journal article that a muscular interest group of powerful (central) SOEs has formed in China...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2017; 57179–92 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2017.57.1.79
Published: 01 February 2017
... eliminate their seats.2 1. Gerald Curtis, Japan s Election Offers Little Choice Wall Street Journal, June 26, 2016. 2. Yuki Tatsumi, Does another Election Loom in Japan The Diplomat, October 6, 2016 at
Journal Articles
Asian Survey. 2016; 5661077–1100 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2016.56.6.1077
Published: 01 December 2016
... economic (and thus vote-winning) concerns with foreign policy objectives. Numerous instances exist in FTA negotiations where governments decided to compromise on securing access to export markets or on maintaining existing levels of protection for domestic sectors because they placed a higher value on the...