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ashraf-ghani

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Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2015) 55 (1): 21–32.
Published: 01 February 2015
...Jennifer Brick Murtazashvili Labeled the Year of “Transition,” 2014 was a watershed in modern Afghan history. It marked the first peaceful transition of power in more than a century, when Hamid Karzai handed over authority to Ashraf Ghani on September 29. The transition was not seamless, and the...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2020) 60 (1): 213–220.
Published: 01 February 2020
... in Syria. Against this backdrop of enfeeblement, instability and fragmentation were apparent in the domestic political arena. The presidential elections of 2019 again demonstrated the fragility of Afghanistan s political landscape. With President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah the...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2019) 59 (1): 114–123.
Published: 01 February 2019
... multiple subgroups) engaged in conflict in Afghanistan. According to the Ministry of Defense, the government, under the presidency of Ashraf Ghani, is opposed by around 50,000 militants from 21 terrorist organizations, the largest being the Taliban (38,000 fighters) and the Islamic State (IS, 2,000...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (6): 967–972.
Published: 01 December 2018
... and air support,3 and the security situation continues to worsen.4 Third, 2014 also witnessed a political transition. The disputed presidential election of 2014, in which both candidates claimed victory, resulted in the establishment of a National Unity government with Ashraf Ghani as presi- dent and...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (6): 973–994.
Published: 01 December 2018
... intervention, Afghanistan received $57 per capita, while Bosnia 8. Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan Pending the Re-establishment of Permanent Government Institutions, December 5, 2011; Ashraf Ghani et al., The Budget as the Linchpin of the State, in James K. Boyce and Madalene O Donnell...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (6): 995–1015.
Published: 01 December 2018
... depositors funds that had been mis- used by the bank s management, not least because of attempts to shift the blame for the collapse onto regulators in the Central Bank.29 Since Ashraf Ghani assumed the presidency in September 2014, more-serious efforts have been directed at confronting corrupt practices...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (6): 1042–1065.
Published: 01 December 2018
... Develop- ment: Does It Build Social Cohesion or Infrastructure? A Mixed-Method Evidence Synthesis, International Initiative for Impact Evaluation, 2018. 8. Wong and Guggenheim, Community-Driven Development. 9. White, Menon, and Waddington, Community-Driven Development. 10. Ashraf Ghani and Clare...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (6): 1066–1089.
Published: 01 December 2018
... power, authorizing knowledge, managing fail- ures, and reassembling old stories for new purposes, characterize the diverse - parallel to the process of constitution making and rule writing at the center Ashraf Ghani and Claire Lockhart, Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (6): 1016–1041.
Published: 01 December 2018
... and Ron, NGO Scramble. 14. Meyer, Opportunism and NGOs. 15. See e.g., Brehm and Gates, Working, Shirking, and Sabotage; Graham Allison, Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (Harper Collins, 1972); Ashraf Ghani and Claire WILLNER-REID / COMPETITION IN THE AID MARKETPLACE 1023...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (4): 660–678.
Published: 01 August 2018
... Transit Agree- ment (APTTA) in 2010,45 India began to renew its interest in the Chabahar project. This was derived from Pakistan s refusal to grant transit rights for India to export goods to Afghanistan, against the latter s wishes.46 While the Afghan leadership under Ashraf Ghani has been explicit in...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (2): 281–301.
Published: 01 April 2018
... sidelines of the SCO Astana Summit, China s President Xi Jinping met with Afghan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and said, China will mediate and ease the tension between Afghanistan and Pakistan and hold a trilateral summit On June 24 and 25, Wang Yi con- ducted shuttle diplomacy between the two...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2018) 58 (1): 110–119.
Published: 01 February 2018
... fraud-riven 2014 presidential elections to quell the demands of Abdullah Abdullah and his supporters, who believed the election was stolen from him. Under the NUG, Ashraf Ghani became the president, after an internationally supervised audit announced that he had garnered most of the votes, while...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2017) 57 (6): 981–1007.
Published: 01 December 2017
...), politicians avoid being labelled as soft on the issue.22 Former President Hamid Karzai and current President Ashraf Ghani have been no exception to this Afghan rule. The Difference between Afghan Pashtuns and Pakistani Pashtuns The Durand Line divides the Pashtun community into two different states, making...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2017) 57 (1): 1–9.
Published: 01 February 2017
...: Caught between Russia and China European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), 7 June, 2016, available at . 6 ASIAN SURVEY 57:1 Minister Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah. The gov- ernment managed to hold onto major urban hubs despite Taliban...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2016) 56 (1): 187–198.
Published: 01 February 2016
... insurgents. As 2014 came to an end, a new National Unity Government (NUG) had come to power bringing together staunch political rivals who both had contested the 2014 presidential election as the result of massive fraud.1 One of the two main rivals for power, Ashraf Ghani, an anthropologist who spent decades...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2016) 56 (1): 216–224.
Published: 01 February 2016
.... Months of recriminations and tensions appeared to subside after Afghan President Ashraf Ghani travelled to Islamabad to jointly host Heart of Asia, an Asia-wide conference on countering terrorism, on December 8 and 9. During the conference, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, and the US agreed to create a...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2016) 56 (1): 174–186.
Published: 01 February 2016
... problematic when Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani, who had improved ties with Islamabad in 2014, made overtures to New Delhi. Ghani believed Pakistan was not helping him to fight the Taliban as much as he had expected. He made his first official visit to India in April 2015, and India pledged to give...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2015) 55 (2): 273–298.
Published: 01 April 2015
... opportunity [to the great majority of ordinary citizens3 The much delayed Bilateral Strategic Agreement (BSA) defining the U.S. role in post-2014 Afghanistan was quickly signed by President Ashraf Ghani upon assuming power in September 2014. The U.S.-NATO forces ended their combat mission on December 31 and...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2015) 55 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 February 2015
... lost to Dr. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, now officially known as Ashraf Ghani, who dropped his Pashtun surname to blur his tribal ties. Abdullah was well ahead in the first round but failed to win a majority; in the subsequent runoff he was unexpectedly overtaken by Ghani, a Columbia Ph.D. in anthropology...
Journal Articles
Asian Survey (2015) 55 (2): 299–324.
Published: 01 April 2015
... While many factors have contributed to the insurgency in Afghanistan, increasing attention has focused on something that the international com- munity, the just-ended Karzai administration and the new Ashraf Ghani administration all agree on: the highly centralized nature of the Afghan government. Since...