The year 2014 witnessed a few cracks in the government of the United People’s Freedom Alliance in the face of internal and external challenges. Still, anti-Muslim violence, setbacks in provincial elections, and mounting concerns over the coalition’s human rights record failed to disrupt continued high economic growth. The surprise was the January 8, 2015, election: defeating the incumbent, on January 9, former Health Minister Maithripala Sirisena was sworn in as Sri Lanka's new president.
The year 2013 witnessed a further consolidation of the power of President Mahinda Rajapaksa and his loyalists of the ruling United People’s Freedom Alliance. The country’s high economic growth continued amid allegations of corruption and nepotism. The regime’s past and present human rights record came under serious scrutiny.
The year 2008 saw a successful military campaign by government security forces against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in the North. Elections to the Eastern Province resulted in a break away faction of the LTTE sharing power with the government. People continued to endure high inflation in the price of essential goods and services, and the country's human rights record remained dismal.
The year 2007 saw a successful military campaign that led to the ““liberation”” of the Eastern Province by government security forces. The country's high economic growth rate continued despite the war, but inflation and the cost of living also rose significantly. The regime's human rights record came under serious scrutiny.