This study considers some conditions for the socialization of China into an East Asian community through the Network of East Asian Think Tanks. These conditions include norm characteristics, social environment, and norm reconciliation. The study argues that China has achieved some limited success, as NEAT members lack a common vision.
ASEAN’s dialogue mechanism has been evolving from consensus-seeking to strategic means, to use the Habermas distinction. This consensus norm was maintained during the Cold War because of rapport among ASEAN leaders and the presence of an external threat. However, ASEAN expansion to 10 countries, the emergence of non-traditional threats to security, and democratization have weakened this norm.