This was a year of transition in North Korea, as leader Kim Jong Un held firm to his strategic shift of putting “all efforts” into economic development in the face of ongoing international sanctions. Kim’s summit diplomacy with the US and South Korea stalled, while ties improved markedly with China and modestly with Russia. The US and South Korea resumed downsized joint military exercises and North Korea resumed short-range missile testing.
North Korea in 2019: A Year of Strategic Adjustment
John Delury is Associate Professor in the Graduate School of International Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. The author is grateful to Samuel Douglass and Kwan Woo Hahn for research assistance. This work was supported by the Laboratory Program for Korean Studies through the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the Korean Studies Promotion Service of the Academy of Korean Studies (AKS-2016-LAB-2250001). Email: <email@example.com>.
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John Delury; North Korea in 2019: A Year of Strategic Adjustment. Asian Survey 1 February 2020; 60 (1): 69–78. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2020.60.1.69
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