[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Jinji In, Ninmen kankei hōreishū (Tokyo, Okura Sho, Insatsu Kyoku, 1980), pp. 14-18.
In
14
Ninmen kankei hōreishū
1980
2
Ibid., p. 5.
5
3
"Senk6 ni yoru shokuin no saiy6," Jinjji In geppō, No. 94 (December 1958), pp. 20-23.
94
20
Jinjji In geppō
1958
4
Jinji In, Kōmuin hakusho (Tokyo: Okura Sho, Insatsu Kyoku, 1983), pp. 22-27.
In
22
Kōmuin hakusho
1983
5
ibid., pp. 23-25.
23
6
Tashiro Kū, "Nihon gyoseikan kenkyui, III: Gyoseikan no kyaria keisei katei (1)," Kankai, December1981, pp. 69-71.
December
69
Kankai
1981
7
Albert M. Craig, "Functional and Dysfunctional Aspects of Government Bureau- cracy," in Ezra F. Vogel (ed.), Modern Japanese Organization and Decision-Making (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975), pp. 15-17.
Craig
Functional and Dysfunctional Aspects of Government Bureaucracy
15
Modern Japanese Organization and Decision-Making
1975
8
Jinji In, Kōmuin hakusho, 1981, 1982, and 1983
Asahi shimbun, October 15, 1983.
October 15
Asahi shimbun
1983
Jinji In, Nenji hōkokusho, 1948-49 through 1980 (Tokyo: Okura Sh6, Insatsu Kyoku, 1950-81).
In
Nenji hōkokusho
1950
9
Jinji In, Kōmuin hakusho, 1983, pp. 24-25
24
Gekkan seifu kankōbutsu, September1983, p. 12.
September
12
Gekkan seifu kankōbutsu
1983
10
Jinji In, Kōmuin hakusho, 1978-83
Tashiro Kū, "Nihon gyoseikan kenkyui, VII, kyaria to non kyaria," Kankai, April1982, pp. 68-79.
April
68
Kankai
1982
11
Konuma Norio, "Non kyaria no sekai: Okura Sho- no maki," Kankai, May1983, pp. 174-175.
Norio
May
174
Kankai
1983
12
Kokuritsu Daigaku Kyōkai et al. (eds.), Kokkōritsu daigaku gaidobukku, 1983 (Tokyo: Kokuritsu Daigaku Kyokai, Koritsu Daigaku Kyokai, and Dai- gaku Nyuishi Senta, 1982), pp. 198 and 405.
Kyōkai
198
Kokkōritsu daigaku gaidobukku
1982
Jinji In geppō, No. 197 (June 1967), p. 15
197
15
Jinji In geppō
1967
No. 209 (July 1968), p. 15.
209
15
1968
13
Tashiro Kū, "Nihon gyōseikan kenkyū, VII; kyaria to non kyaria," pp. 89-90
14
Asahi shimbun, October 15, 1983.
October 15
Asahi shimbun
1983
15
Jinji In geppō, April1962, p. 12
April
12
Jinji In geppō
1962
April1965, p. 18
April
18
1965
May 1966, p. 13
May
13
1966
Jinji In, Nenji hōkokusho, 1970-82
Jinji In geppō, No. 387 (April 1983), p. 9.
387
9
Jinji In geppō
1983
16
Asahi shimbun, November 1, 1983
shimbun
November 1
1983
Mainichi shimbun, October 31, 1982.
October 31
Mainichi shimbun
1982
17
Jinji In, Nenji hōkokusho, 1958 (Tokyo, 1959), p. 50.
In
50
Nenji hōkokusho
1959
18
Jinji In, Kyūyo Kyoku, Kokka kōmuin kyūyōto jittai chōsa hōkokusho (Tokyo: Okura ShM, Insatsu Kyoku, 1976), pp. 4-5 and 38-39.
In
4
Kyūyo Kyoku, Kokka kōmuin kyūyōto jittai chōsa hōkokusho
1976
19
Time, December 12, 1983, p. 46.
December 12
46
Time
1983
20
Jinji In geppō, April1965, p. 21
April
21
Jinji In geppō
1965
July1967, pp. 11-12
July
11
1967
Asahi shimbun, September 5, 1967 (evening ed.)
September 5
Asahi shimbun
1967
August 22, 1972
August 22
1972
September 9, 1974 (eve- ning ed.)
September 9
1974
November 1, 1975 (evening ed.)
November 1
1975
October 26, 1976
October 26
1976
October 25, 1978
October 25
1978
October 15, 1983
October 15
1983
Mainichi shimbun, August 19, 1969
August 19
Mainichi shimbun
1969
September 11, 1973
September 11
1973
October 15, 1979
October 15
1979
October 15, 1980
October 15
1980
October 15, 1981
October 15
1981
October 15, 1982.
October 15
1982
21
Jinji In, Kōmuin hakusho, 1978-83
22
Nomura Nario, "Fransu kanri no nin'yo seido," II, Jinji In geppō, No. 220 (June 1969), pp. 14 and 24-25.
Nario
220
14
Jinji In geppō
1969
23
U.S. Office of Personnel Management, The Presidential Manage- ment Intern Program, 1980-1981 (Washington, 1981), pp. 10-11.
U.S. Office of Personnel Management
10
The Presidential Management Intern Program, 1980-1981
1981
24
Sumitomo Tadashi, "Nishi Doitsu remp6 kanri no nin'y6 seido," I and II, Jinji In geppō, No. 215 (January 1969), p. 9
Tadashi
215
9
Jinji In geppō
1969
No. 217 (March 1969), p. 12.
217
12
1969
25
Geoffrey Kingdon Fry, Statesmen in Disguise: The Changing Role of the Administrative Class of the British Home Civil Service, 1853-1966 (London: Macmillan, 1969), p. 435.
Fry
435
Statesmen in Disguise: The Changing Role of the Administrative Class of the British Home Civil Service, 1853-1966
1969
26
Peter Kellner and Lord Crowther-Hunt, The Civil Servants: An Inquiry Into Britain's Ruling Class (London: MacDonald Futura Publishers, 1980), pp. 120-123 and 137.
Kellner
120
The Civil Servants: An Inquiry Into Britain's Ruling Class
1980
27
Suzuki Kazuo, "ENA (Fransu Kokuritsu Gyosei Gakuin) no kyoiku seido," II, Jinji In geppō, No. 321 (November 1977), p. 19
Kazuo
321
19
Jinji In geppō
1977
"Fransu jbkyui kbmuin no shonin kybiku; rainichi no Kokuritsu Gyosei Gakuin (ENA) seini kiku," Jinji In geppō, No. 366 (July 1981), p. 7
366
7
Jinji In geppō
1981
Ezra N. Suleiman, Politics, Power, and Bureaucracy in France: The Administrative Elite (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974), p. 54.
Suleiman
54
Politics, Power, and Bureaucracy in France: The Administrative Elite
1974
28
Lloyd W. Warner et al., The American Federal Executive (New Haven: Yale Univer- sity Press, 1963), p. 372
Warner
372
The American Federal Executive
1963
Asahi shimbun, October 22, 1983.
October 22
Asahi shimbun
1983
29
U.S. Office of Personnel Management, The Presidential Management Intern Program: Anniversary Report 1978-1980 (Washington, 1980), pp. 3 and 21-23.
U.S. Office of Personnel Management
3
The Presidential Management Intern Program: Anniversary Report 1978-1980
1980
30
Robert M. Spaulding, Jr., Imperial Japan's Higher Civil Service Examinations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967).
Spaulding
Imperial Japan's Higher Civil Service Examinations
1967
31
Lewis J. Edinger, Politics in Germany: Attitudes and Processes (Boston: Little, Brown, 1968), p. 46.
Edinger
46
Politics in Germany: Attitudes and Processes
1968
32
Sumitomo Tadashi, "Nishi Doitsu rempo kanri no nin'yo seido," I, Jinji In geppō, No. 215 (January 1969), p. 25.
Tadashi
215
25
Jinji In geppō
1969
33
Nomura Nario, "Fransu kanri no nin'yō seido," II, p. 25
25
34
Warner et al., The American Federal Executive, p. 369
369
35
U.S. Office of Personnel Management, The Presidential Management Intern Program, p. 3
36
Fry, Statesmen in Disguise, p. 436
436
37
Oki Yu, "Igirisu seifu shokuin no nin'yo seido," I, Jinji In geppō, No. 291 (May 1975), p. 18
Yu
291
18
Jinji In geppō
1975
Kellner and Crowther-Hunt, The Civil Servants, pp. 120-123
120
38
Warner et al., The American Federal Executive, p. 177
177
39
U.S. Office of Personnel Management, The Presidential Management Intern Program, p. 3
40
Suzuki, "ENA no kyoiku seido," I, Jinji In geppō, No. 320 (October 1977), p. 25.
Suzuki
320
25
Jinji In geppō
1977
41
R. K. Kelsall, Higher Civil Servants in Britain (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1955), pp. 169-177
Kelsall
169
Higher Civil Servants in Britain
1955
Kellner and Crowther-Hunt, The Civil Servants, p. 12
12
42
Nakane Chie, Tate shakai no ningen kankei (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1967).
Chie
Tate shakai no ningen kankei
1967
43
Robert A. Scalapino, Democracy and the Party Movement in Prewar Japan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953).
Scalapino
Democracy and the Party Movement in Prewar Japan
1953
44
Takamoto Mitsuo, Ōkura kanryō no keifu (Tokyo: Nihon Shoseki Kabushiki Kai- sha, 1979)
Mitsuo
Ōkura kanryō no keifu
1979
Kyōikusha, Kanryō (Tokyo: Kyoikusha, 1980)
Kyōikusha
Kanryō
1980
"Jimu jikan kenkyui," in Kankai, January 1982 through June 1983.
January
Kankai
1983
45
Nawa Tarō, "Jimu jikan kenkyu: Tsushan Sho," Kankai, March1982, pp. 132-133.
Tarō
March
132
Kankai
1982
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