[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
"The Politics of Thinking About China," Change: The Magazine of Learning, 10:2 (February 1978), pp. 36-39.
2
36
10
Change: The Magazine of Learning
1978
2
"Chinese Cities Hold Exhibitions on Anti-Japanese Military and Political College," NCNA (English), October 23, 1966
in Survey of Mainland China Press (SCMP), No. 3809 (October 27, 1966), p. 26.
3809
26
Survey of Mainland China Press (SCMP)
1966
3
Jane L. Price, Cadres, Commanders, and Commissars: The Training of the Chinese Communist Leadership, 1920-1945 (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1976), Chapter 8.
Price
Chapter 8
Cadres, Commanders, and Commissars: The Training of the Chinese Communist Leadership, 1920-1945
1976
Ma Chün, quoted on p. 135
John Israel and Donald W. Klein, Rebels and Bureaucrats: China's December 9ers (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), Chapter V.
Israel
Chapter V
Rebels and Bureaucrats: China's December 9ers
1976
4
"Sensibly Do a Good Job in the Enrollment of University Students," Renmin Rihbao (RMRB), June 20, 1973
June 20
Renmin Rihbao (RMRB)
1973
Current Background (CB), No. 996 (October 31, 1973), p. 27.
996
27
Current Background (CB)
1973
5
Franz Schurmann, Ideology and Organization in Communist China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966), esp. pp. 232-233.
Schurmann
232
Ideology and Organization in Communist China
1966
6
"March Forward on the Road to Redness and Vocational Proficiency," RMRB, August 8, 1973
August 8
RMRB
1973
SCMP, No. 5440 (August 21, 1973), p. 40
5440
40
SCMP
1973
"Talking from a Test on the Molecular Formula of '666,'" RMRB, September 22, 1973
September 22
RMRB
1973
CB, No. 1007 (May 17, 1974), p. 11.
1007
11
CB
1974
7
Marianne Bastid-Bruguière, "Higher Education in the People's Republic of China," Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China (Paris: OECD, 1977), pp. 121-122
Bastid-Bruguière
Higher Education in the People's Republic of China
121
Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China
1977
Suzanne Pepper, "Education and Revolution: The 'Chinese Model' Revised," Asian Survey, XVIII:9 (September 1978), p. 869.10.2307/2643600
869
8
Alexander Casella, "Recent Developments in China's University Recruitment System," China Quarterly, No. 62 (June 1975), p. 300.10.2307/652861
300
9
"Reforming the System of Student Enrollment Is Geared to the Need of Consolidating the Dictatorship of the Proletariat," RMRB, September 22, 1973
September 22
RMRB
1973
CB, No. 1007 (May 17, 1974), p. 4.
1007
4
CB
1974
10
Leo A. Orleans, "Scientific and Technical Manpower," Science and Tech- nology in the People's Republic of China (Paris: OECD, 1977), p. 98.
Orleans
Scientific and Technical Manpower
98
Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China
1977
11
Ronald Dore, The Diploma Disease: Education, Qualification and Develop- ment (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), p. 91.
Dore
91
The Diploma Disease: Education, Qualification and Development
1976
12
"Grasp the Work of Selecting and Sending of Workers to Universities As an Important Political Task," Guangming Ribao (GMRB), September 23, 1970
September 23
Guangming Ribao (GMRB)
1970
SCMP, No. 4751 (October 5, 1970), p. 4
4751
4
SCMP
1970
"Selecting and Sending Students to University Is Serious Political Work," RMRB, June 20, 1973
RMRB
1973
CB, No. 996 (Oc- tober 31, 1973), p. 29.
996
29
CB
1973
13
B. Michael Frolic, "What the Cultural Revolution Was All About, A Visit to Peking University," New York Times Magazine (October 24, 1971), p. 117.
Frolic
October 24
117
New York Times Magazine
1971
14
Thomas P. Bernstein, Up to the Mountains and Down to the Villages; The Transfer of Youth from Urban to Rural China (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977), pp. 259, 262.
Bernstein
259
Up to the Mountains and Down to the Villages; The Transfer of Youth from Urban to Rural China
1977
Zhang Tiesheng charged that it was distracting them from making any serious work effort. "A Thought-Provoking Test Sheet Answer," RMRB, August 10, 1973
Tiesheng
August 10
RMRB
1973
SCMP, No. 5442 (August 23, 1973), p. 113.
5442
113
SCMP
1973
15
Ibid., pp. 142-143.
142
16
Francois Godement, editorial passage, Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China (Paris: OECD, 1977), pp. 126-127
Godement
126
Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China
1977
Bernstein, Up to the Moun- tains, p. 46
46
Fred- erick C. Tiewes, "Before ana After the Cultural Revolution," China Quarterly, No. 58 (April/June 1974), p. 339 n. 16
Tiewes
58
339
China Quarterly
1974
Jan S. Prybyla, "Notes on Chinese Higher Education: 1974," China Quarterly, No. 62 (June 1975), pp. 271-292.10.2307/652860
271
17
Raymond Boudon, Education, Opportunity, and Social Inequality; Changing Prospects in Western Society (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974).
Boudon
Education, Opportunity, and Social Inequality; Changing Prospects in Western Society
1974
18
Gordon A. Bennett and Ronald N. Montaperto, Red Guard: The Political Biography of Dai Hsiao-ai (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971), Prologue.
Bennett
Red Guard: The Political Biography of Dai Hsiao-ai
1971
19
"Education Must Serve Proletarian Politics," GMRB, July 20, 1971
July 20
GMRB
1971
SCMP, No. 4959 (August 20, 1971), p. 99.
4959
99
SCMP
1971
Lenin to the effect that schools must "accept unconditionally" working-class children, in "The Revolution in Education and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat," RMRB, January 15, 1976
January 15
RMRB
1976
SCMP, No. 6023 (January 27, 1976), p. 69.
6023
69
SCMP
1976
Boudon, Education, p. 48
48
20
RMRB, August 22, 1970
August 22
RMRB
1970
CB, No. 923 (December 30, 1970), p. 10.
923
10
CB
1970
21
Ibid.
22
"Strengthen Party Leadership, Earnestly Carry Out University Student En- rollment Work Well," KMJB, March 16, 1972
March 16
KMJB
1972
SCMP, No. 5102 (March 28, 1972), p. 45.
5102
45
SCMP
1972
23
"Take Root in the Countryside to Make Revolution," "Educate Our Chil- dren in Accordance with the Proletarian Revolutionary Line," both in JMJP, February 14, 1974
February 14
JMJP
1974
CB, No. 1007 (May 17, 1974), pp. 58, 62-62.
1007
58
CB
1974
Bernstein, Up to the Mountains, pp. 252-256
252
Tiewes, "Before and After," p. 341
341
Dore, Diploma Disease, pp. 118, 149
118
24
Bastid-Bruguière, "Higher Education," p. 121
121
25
Pepper, "Education and Revolution," p. 870
870
Casella, "Recent Developments," p. 299
299
26
Pepper, "Education and Revolution," p. 871, n. 84
871
27
Frolic, "What the Cultural Revolution Was All About," p. 122
122
CB, No. 996 (October 31, 1973), p. 26.
996
26
CB
1973
28
Bernstein, Up to the Mountains, p. 248
248
29
Ibid., pp. 202, 329, n. 55.
202
Martin K. Whyte, "Inequality and Stratification in China," China Quarterly, No. 64 (December 1975), p. 710.10.2307/653010
710
30
Bernstein, "Up to the Mountains," p. 247
247
31
Robert Taylor, Education and University Enrollment Policies in China, 1949-1971 (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1973
Taylor
Education and University Enrollment Policies in China, 1949-1971
1973
Contemporary China Papers No. 6), p. 41
Cassella, "Recent Developments," p. 301
Tiewes, "Before and After," p. 342
342
Pepper, "Education and Revolution," p. 870
870
Ibid.
Kwangtung During the Cultural Revolu- tion," China Quarterly, No. 64 (December 1975), p. 675.10.2307/653009
675
Boudon, Education, pp. 153- 154, 168
153
32
R. F. Price, Education in Communist China (New York: Praeger, 1970), pp. 165 ff.
Price
165
Education in Communist China
1970
"College Entrance Examinations," Peking Review, 21:2 (January 13, 1978), p. 30
2
30
21
Peking Review
1978
"University Entrance Examinations, 1977," China Reconstructs, XXVII:4 (April 1978), p. 10.
4
10
XXVII
China Reconstructs
1978
33
"Seriously Do a Good job in the Work of Selecting and Sending New Stu. dents to Socialist Universities," KMJB, July 12, 1973
July 12
KMJB
1973
SCMP, No. 5422 (July 26, 1973), pp. 134-137.
5422
134
SCMP
1973
CB, No. 1007 (May 17, 1974), p. 5.
1007
5
CB
1974
34
"Rely on the Masses To Make the Re-Examination of Students by Schools a Success," RMRB, June 20, 1973
June 20
RMRB
1973
CB, No. 996 (October 31, 1973), p. 33.
996
33
CB
1973
35
Casella, "Recent Developments," p. 300
300
36
Francois Godement, "Science and Technology Training and China's Needs: Problems and Issues," Science and Technology in the People's Re- public of China (Paris: OECD, 1977), pp. 131-139.
Godement
Science and Technology Training and China's Needs: Problems and Issues
131
Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China
1977
37
Pepper, "Education and Revolution," p. 869
869
38
ibid., pp. 865-867.
865
39
GMRB, September 3, 1961.
September 3
GMRB
1961
"On Policy Towards Intellectuals," Beijing Review, 22:5 (February 2, 1979), pp. 10-15.
5
10
22
Beijing Review
1979
40
Michel Oksenberg, "Getting Ahead and Along in Communist China: The Ladder of Success on the Eve of the Cultural Revolution," in John Wilson Lewis, ed., Party Leadership and Revolutionary Power in China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970), pp. 310-314.
Oksenberg
Getting Ahead and Along in Communist China: The Ladder of Success on the Eve of the Cultural Revolution
310
Party Leadership and Revolutionary Power in China
1970
41
"Train Workers with. Socialist Consciousness and Culture in the Three Great Revolutionary Movements," RMRB, December 26, 1975
December 26
RMRB
1975
SCMP, No. 6008 (January 6, .1976), p. 53.
6008
53
SCMP
1976
42
Tiewes, "Before and After," p. 342, n. 28
342
Tiewes, "The Assignment of University Graduates in China, 1974," China Quarterly, No. 62 (June 1975), pp. 308- 309.
Tiewes
62
308
China Quarterly
1975
43
"Thoroughly Repudiate the Idea of 'Private Ownership of Knowledge,'" and "The Doctrine of 'Knowledge Belongs to the Individual and Achievement Belongs to the Public' Must be Repudiated," both in RMRB, March 19, 1971
March 19
RMRB
SCMP, No. 4870 (April 1, 1971), pp. 161-166.
4870
161
SCMP
1971
44
Pepper, "Education and Revolution," p. 876
876
Dore, Diploma Disease, pp. 59, 123
59
45
CB, No. 996 (October 31, 1973), p. 24
996
24
CB
1973
"The Battle Song of the Proletarian Revolution in Education," RMRB, January 7, 1976
January 7
RMRB
1976
SCMP, No. 6017 (January 19, 1976), pp. 1-7.
6017
1
SCMP
1976
46
Dore, Diploma Disease, p. 21
21
John Gardner and Wilt Idema, "China's Educational Revolution," in Stuart R. Schram, ed., Authority, Participation and Cultural Revolution in China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973), p. 280 n. 1.
Gardner
China's Educational Revolution
280
Authority, Participation and Cultural Revolution in China
1973
47
CB, No. 996 (October 31, 1973), p. 25
996
25
CB
1973
"Selecting and Sending Students to University Is Serious Political Work," RMRB, June 20, 1973
June 20
RMRB
1973
CB, No. 996 (Octo- ber 31, 1973), p. 30.
996
30
CB
1973
Dore, Diploma Disease, p. 160
160
48
"The New Student Enrollment System Is Indeed Good," Jilin Ribao, June 7, 1978
June 7
Jilin Ribao
1978
FBIS, I:111 (June 8, 1978), p. L1
111
L1
I
FBIS
1978
"Colleges Begin 1978 Enrollment Pro- grams," NCNA (English), June 13, 1978
June 13
NCNA
1978
FBIS, I:116 (June 15, 1978), p. E5.
116
E5
I
FBIS
1978
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