The major events that were pivotal in Nepal in both 2022 and 2023 can be put into five categories: politics and society; geopolitics and foreign policy; the economy; climate change, disaster, and health; and human rights, justice, and peace. The country’s economy performed poorly, and results were mixed in the other four categories. In particular, these two years were instrumental for institutionalizing democratic practices due to timely local, provincial, and federal elections. However, as in preceding years, this review indicates a need for significant efforts to improve the country’s economy, address climate change and disastrous events, ensure justice for conflict-era victims, and promote peace.

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