Bangladesh continues to face a threat from Islamic terrorism. However, the drivers of this phenomenon remain under-studied. Research has traced terrorism in Bangladesh to wider processes of Islamization; a political context marked by conflict between the country’s two main political parties and by authoritarian governance; the institutional weakness of the Bangladeshi security and justice system; and international factors, such as the Afghanistan War, influences from the Gulf, and more recently the Rohingya refugee crisis, as well as the increased interest of al-Qaeda and the Islamic State in South Asia. Based on an analysis of the literature and interviews, I argue that while the growth of terrorism in Bangladesh has been a complex process in which all of these factors have interacted, different constellations of them have been decisive at different historical stages.
Terrorism in Bangladesh: Understanding a Complex Phenomenon
Jasmin Lorch is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Asian Studies of the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Hamburg. She is the author of Civil Society and Mirror Images of Weak States: Bangladesh and the Philippines (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). Email: <firstname.lastname@example.org>, <email@example.com>.
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Jasmin Lorch; Terrorism in Bangladesh: Understanding a Complex Phenomenon. Asian Survey 5 August 2020; 60 (4): 778–802. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2020.60.4.778
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