In 2016, Pakistan introduced a five-year plan to repeal the Frontier Crimes Regulation of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and integrate the region into the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. The political conflict between mashar (elders), who are advantaged by the law, and kashar (youth), who are disadvantaged by it, has been an obstacle to reform. This article also demonstrates that this conflict has been an endemic feature of the law since its establishment by British authorities in 1901.
Mashar versus Kashar in Pakistan’s FATA: Intra-tribal Conflict and the Obstacles to Reform
Harrison Akins is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA. He thanks Akbar Ahmed for his helpful guidance and an anonymous reviewer for comments. Email: <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
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Harrison Akins; Mashar versus Kashar in Pakistan’s FATA: Intra-tribal Conflict and the Obstacles to Reform. Asian Survey 1 December 2018; 58 (6): 1136–1159. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.6.1136
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