This paper seeks to understand the learning outcomes that prevail across key subpopulations in China today. Data from a nationally representative survey show that rural youth are two years behind urban children in math and Chinese. Non-Han minorities, children in poorer counties, and children with less-educated parents are the most vulnerable.
Math and Chinese-Language Learning: Where Are China’s Vulnerable Subpopulations?
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Lei Wang, Wenbin Min, Siqi Zhang, Yaojiang Shi, Scott Rozelle; Math and Chinese-Language Learning: Where Are China’s Vulnerable Subpopulations?. Asian Survey 1 October 2018; 58 (5): 797–821. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2018.58.5.797
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