Ahead of upcoming elections, expectations ran high in 2013 across the archipelago for a highly pluralistic electorate. With China as a leading trading partner, the backdrop for Indonesia was steady economic growth, albeit checked by a sliding currency, a current account deficit, and a depressing culture of corruption. Mixing commerce and geopolitics, China, the U.S., and Japan all turned to Indonesia to expand their influence.
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Research Article| February 01 2014
Indonesia in 2013: Oligarchs, Political Tribes, and Populists
Asian Survey (2014) 54 (1): 47–55.
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Geoffrey C. Gunn; Indonesia in 2013: Oligarchs, Political Tribes, and Populists. Asian Survey 1 February 2014; 54 (1): 47–55. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2014.54.1.47
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