Since the end of the civil war in May 2009, Sri Lanka’s government has continued to consolidate the unitary state and centralize power by combining political reform, patronage, and economic development. However, two forces countering such unity and centralization became evident during the course of the year. First, tensions and contradictions associated with the simultaneous pursuit of political centralization alongside rapid economic development and liberalization. Second, there has been an intensification of external pressures to bring about a political settlement with the Tamils and to address government accountability, including its alleged involvement in war crimes.
Sri Lanka in 2012: Securing the State, Enforcing the “Peace”
Jonathan Goodhand is Professor of Conflict and Development Studies in the Development Studies Department of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He has 20 years of experience working in or on Sri Lanka and has published widely on conflict and development issues, including the peace process, humanitarian aid, and post-conflict reconstruction.
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Jonathan Goodhand; Sri Lanka in 2012: Securing the State, Enforcing the “Peace”. Asian Survey 1 February 2013; 53 (1): 64–72. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2013.53.1.64
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